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Eco Sustainable Retirement Villages Avondale Retirement Village Crawford Road Campus. John Sparks Architect – Town Planner JSA Architects Pty. Ltd. Architects – Planners May 2007. Eco Sustainable Retirement Villages John Sparks. Rainforests with Native Animals.

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eco sustainable retirement villages avondale retirement village crawford road campus
Eco Sustainable

Retirement Villages

Avondale Retirement Village

Crawford Road Campus

John Sparks

Architect – Town Planner

JSA ArchitectsPty. Ltd.

Architects – Planners

May 2007

slide2

Eco Sustainable Retirement Villages

John Sparks

  • Rainforests with Native Animals

(Reference: Photos – National Geographic,

BBC: news.bbc.co.uk; nationalgeographic.com)

slide3

Eco Sustainable Retirement Villages

John Sparks

  • Destruction and ……….

……….. Starvation

(Reference: Photos – www.cbmi.org.au)

slide4

……… Modern

CHINA

Traditional ……..

Eco Sustainable Retirement Villages

John Sparks

(Reference : selcted photos – en.wikipedia.org;

www.lonelyplanet.com; www.forbiddencitychina.com )

slide5

Eco Sustainable Retirement Villages

John Sparks

CRYSTAL WATERS ECO VILLAGE

  • General Features :
    • Landform – topography of hills & valleys
    • Roads & Drainage – follow the landform
    • Dams – Water Storage & Recreation
    • Single Service Trenching – Efficient for water, power/electricity, communications/Telstra
    • Waste Management – Village involvement
    • Large Lots – Sewerage & Amenity
    • Common Property – Visual & Permaculture

Eco Village

slide6

Crystal Waters Eco Village

Sunshine Coast, Queensland

Eco Sustainable Retirement Villages

John Sparks

(Reference : Village Map - Crystal Waters Eco Village

Website: www.crystalwaters.org.au)

slide7

Avondale Retirement Village : Crawford Road Campus

Cooranbong NSW

Eco Sustainable Retirement Villages

John Sparks

Location Map

slide8

Eco Sustainable Retirement Villages

John Sparks

MASTER PLAN DESIGN STAGES

  • The Master Plan :
  • Land Use
  • Circulation
  • Infrastructure
  • Open Space Network
  • Sustainability :
  • Water
  • Waste
  • Energy
  • Permaculture
  • Survey :
  • Location
  • Climate
  • Soils
  • Drainage
  • Constraints Analysis
  • Assessment :
  • Alternative Concepts
  • Preferred Strategy

Master Plan Process

slide9

Eco Sustainable Retirement Villages

John Sparks

Site Survey Plan

(Reference: Survey Map – Evans & Smith Consulting Surveyors)

slide10

Eco Sustainable Retirement Villages

John Sparks

Constraints Analysis Plan

slide11

Central Spine w/ External Cul- de-Sacs Concept

Linear Concept

Row House Concept

Central Spine w/ Internal Cul- de-Sacs Concept

Eco Sustainable Retirement Villages

John Sparks

Alternative Concepts : Site Plans

slide12

Grid (Macro) Concept

Central Spine (Variation) Concept

Preferred Scheme

Grid (Micro) Concept

Eco Sustainable Retirement Villages

John Sparks

Alternative Concepts & Preferred Strategy

slide13

Axial Concept

Conceptual Master Plan

Circulation Concept

Nodal Open Space Concept

Eco Sustainable Retirement Villages

John Sparks

Concepts of Preferred Strategy

slide15

Circulation

Master Plan

Open Space

Eco Sustainable Retirement Villages

John Sparks

Master Plan & Concepts

slide16

Grid : Site

Grid : Duplex (Sample)

Grid : Precinct (Sample)

Eco Sustainable Retirement Villages

John Sparks

Grid Concept

slide17

COMPACT LAYOUT

Elevation

Floor Plan

Eco Sustainable Retirement Villages

John Sparks

Duplex Plans – Compact Type

slide18

Elevation

Floor Plan

Eco Sustainable Retirement Villages

John Sparks

Duplex Plans – Courtyard Type

COURTYARD LAYOUT

(South Facing Main Entry)

slide19

Elevation

Floor Plan

Eco Sustainable Retirement Villages

John Sparks

COURTYARD LAYOUT

(North Facing Main Entry)

Duplex Plans – Courtyard Type

slide20

Eco Sustainable Retirement Villages

John Sparks

IMAGES

Images

slide21

Eco Sustainable Retirement Villages

John Sparks

IMAGES

Images

slide22

COMMUNITY CENTRE

CHAPEL

DECK

CAFE

CONSULT.

RMS

EXHIBIT

AREA

SHOPS

ART

WORKSHOP

STO

STO

CARPENTRY

WORKSHOP

LIBRARY

LOBBY

AMENITIES

AMENITIES

ENTRY

Floor Plan

Elevation

Eco Sustainable Retirement Villages

John Sparks

ADMIN.

Community Centre Plans

slide23

Eco Sustainable Retirement Villages

John Sparks

Landscape Plan

(Reference : Plan – Belleng VDM Pty Ltd)

slide24

Eco Sustainable Retirement Villages

John Sparks

SUSTAINABLE SYSTEMS PROPOSED :

  • Rainwater Harvesting & Recycled Water Management
  • Rainwater Management
  • Earthworks & Runoff
  • Waste Management
  • Energy Management
  • Transport
  • Food Production
  • Construction Materials & Systems
  • Community Management Plan

Sustainable Systems

slide25

INTEGRATED WATER MANAGEMENT PLAN

Eco Sustainable Retirement Villages

John Sparks

  • Primary Water Supply Sources
    • Underground Water Table
    • Surface Systems
    • Rain Water
    • Mains Supply Backup from River
  • Water Usage
    • Needs Assessment
    • Quality
    • Demand
    • Drinking & Human Consumption
    • Washing
    • Cleaning & Waste Removal
    • Plants & Irrigation
  • Storage
    • Underground
    • Surface, Dams, Tanks
    • Quantities, Distribution, Location, Pumping
  • Grey Water
    • Reuse Systems
    • Quality Control
    • Source of Supply

Integrated Water Management

slide26

INTEGRATED WATER MANAGEMENT PLAN

Eco Sustainable Retirement Villages

John Sparks

  • Waste Disposal
    • Wet
    • Dry
    • Individual
    • Grouped & Common Systems
  • Waste Water Treatment
    • Primary
    • Secondary
    • Recycle
    • Storage
  • Purification Systems
    • Sealed
    • Open – Reed Beds
  • Transpiration
    • Spray Irrigation
    • Trickle Irrigation
  • Zero Impact
    • Collect, Use, Return, Balance

Integrated Water Management

slide27

Eco Sustainable Retirement Villages

John Sparks

Water & Waste Water Flow Chart

(Reference : Flowchart – Sustainable Projects Pty Ltd)

slide28

Eco Sustainable Retirement Villages

John Sparks

WASTE MANAGEMENT PLAN

  • Process the organic waste produced on site
  • Render harmless any initially toxic waste from the Village
  • Recycle all solid waste
  • Process liquid waste
  • Avoid adverse environmental impacts off site from the use
  • and disposal of any products
  • Handle solid, liquid and gaseous wastes from buildings in an
  • ecologically friendly manner
  • Minimise the need for motorised transport
  • Integrate waste products with permaculture
  • Establish compost collection and fertilizer distribution system

Waste Management

slide29

Eco Sustainable Retirement Villages

John Sparks

WASTE MANAGEMENT PLAN

  • Composting systems available
    • Worm Farms
    • Dry Bins
    • Wet Systems
    • Odor & Pest Control
  • Economies of scale & system thresholds
  • Organic Foods : Pecans, Citrus, Vegetables, Fruits, Eggs, Bread
  • Pollution Neutral
    • Air (Smell, Dust)
    • Water (Weeds, Runoff)
    • Chemical (Fertilizer)
    • Noise (Internal/External)
  • Permaculture – Design with Nature

Waste Management

slide30

Separation of Waste

Organic Waste

Inorganic Waste

Others

Vegetable,

Fruit Scraps,

Pulverized

Eggshells (for

Calcium,

Spoiled Food,

Coffee

Grounds,

Tea Bags

Garden

Clippings

Glass

Aluminium

Cardboard

Paper

Plastic

Treatment

(if required)

Commercial

Recycler

Compost

Worm Farm

Council

Landfill

Community

Biofertilizers

Household

Council/Contractor

Permaculture

Gardens

House

Plants

Sale of

Bioproducts

Eco Sustainable Retirement Villages

John Sparks

Separation of Waste Flow Chart

(Reference : Flowchart - Belleng-VDM Pty Ltd.)

slide31

Recycle

Pumps

Reticulation

Effluent

Storage

UV

Disinfection

Screening

&

Grit Removal

Chlorine

Dosing

Raw Sewage

Flow Balance

Pumps

Denitrification

(Anoxic) Tank

Flat Sheet

Membrane

Bioreactor

Blowers

Sludge

Waste

Eco Sustainable Retirement Villages

John Sparks

Sewage Treatment Process Flow Chart

(Reference : Flowchart - Belleng-VDM Pty Ltd.)

slide32

PERMACULTURE GARDENS

Melliodora :

Hepburn Permaculture Gardens

Hepburn Springs, Central Victoria

Eco Sustainable Retirement Villages

John Sparks

(Reference : Photos & Village Map - Website:

www.holmgren.com.au)

slide33

Eco Sustainable Retirement Villages

John Sparks

ENERGY MANAGEMENT PLAN

  • Power Generation Systems
    • Solar Collectors
      • Power
      • Light
      • Hot Water
      • Space Heating
    • Heat Pumps
    • Hot Plate Collectors
    • Micro Turbine
    • Slow Combustion Stoves
  • Power Sources
    • Sun
    • Wind
    • Rain (Water)
    • Geothermal
    • Bio Mass
  • Main Infrastructure
    • Back up & returning power to the grid
    • Power
    • Water
    • Sewerage
    • Roads
    • Communication
      • Phone
      • Postal
      • Cable
  • Single Service Trenching
    • Authority Requirements
    • Design Concepts

Energy Management

slide34

ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS (Samples)

Rain Water Tank

(Freewater Modular System)

Solar Charge Grid (Solar Charge Pty Ltd)

PV Cells (ENERGEX)

Composter (Earthmaker Enterprise Pty Ltd)

Solar Water Heater Evacuated Tubes (Endless Solar)

Eco Sustainable Retirement Villages

John Sparks

Energy Management

slide35

Eco Sustainable Retirement Villages

John Sparks

ECONOMICS

  • This is an integrated design ---- not add ons.
    • Authority Charges – reduced public infrastructure
    • S94 Contributions – reduced demand
    • Market Value for land & buildings
    • How do you value ….
      • Water
      • Carbon
      • Nature
      • Eco Systems
      • Survival

Economics

slide36

Eco Sustainable Retirement Villages

John Sparks

The brave may not live forever ……..

…….. but the cautious don’t live at all !

(Reference: Photo – National Geographic,

nationalgeographic.com)

eco sustainable retirement villages avondale retirement village crawford road campus37
Eco Sustainable

Retirement Villages

Avondale Retirement Village

Crawford Road Campus

John Sparks

Architect – Town Planner

JSA ArchitectsPty. Ltd.

Architects – Planners

May 2007