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The Castle Model. By Angela Loertscher . Robin Nielsen. Dario Toribio. The Castle Model. Special collections and archives resemble castles in the following ways…. The moat. The drawbridge. The portcullis. The barbican or outer wall. The killing field. The inner wall.

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The Castle Model

By Angela Loertscher 

Robin Nielsen

Dario Toribio


The Castle Model

Special collections and archives resemble castles

in the following ways…


The information need comes to Jimmy as the result of a research assignment given by Dr. Hudson.

Here Jimmy, you are to write a research paper on the Madonna and baby using primary source material…


Awesome teacher! You just gave me an information need that would take up my entire spring break to fill! Oh gosh I love you!


Dear teacher, there is nothing on the web about this topic, which could only mean one thing, it doesn’t even exist, you’ve made it all up!


*Sigh* There’s a place very few mortals know about… it is called the library! Inside this place there is an even more secret place called Special Collections and Archives, aka SCA’s for short!


Your mission, if choose to accept it… Access the Special Collections and Archives to do some adequate research.


First Obstacle: Uncertainty. Many have drowned in the moat of uncertainty, unsure how to express or address their information needs.


Second Obstacle: Repository Selection.  Knowing what kind of material is available at SCAs and deciding SCA access will help bridge knowledge gaps.


Third Obstacle: Admittance.  Anyone who fails to comply with all of the rules and practices of the SCA (including following the hours of operation and the material recording and reproduction rules) will be denied access.



Fourth Obstacle: Search Strategy.  Knowing how to search and accesses records of materials.  Being granted access or assistance in searching records. 


Next comes Selection.  Selecting the appropriate materials in the collection to fill the information need.



Holly cow! You must be the “courteous” librarian that will help me register, right?


I know, I have to put up a strong front. We store rare and unique items many of which are invaluable! In order to access the SCA’s everyone must register. The articles kept here don’t circulate, meaning they never leave the library. However, you are welcome to come and study them here, under close supervision I must add.


Before we are able to retrieve an item you need to narrow down your search. Here, you can use our catalogue to help you decide which articles are most relevant to your research.


The catalogue user must now determine the level of relevance for the items retrieved by the database. When Jimmy looked up Madonna and baby, he was presented with two possibly relevant options.


Once the user has determined the item they need the curator will retrieve it and allow the user to conduct the search, under the supervision of a curator.



Abioye, A. (2009). Searchers' Perception of Access Regulations in Nigerian National Archives.

Library Philosophy and Practice v. 2009, p. 1-7. Retrieved from

Buttars, Ann (Utah State University Curator of Western and Mormon Americana, personal

communication March 17, 2011

Kuhlthau, C.C. (2004). Seeking meaning: A process approach to library and information

services. Westport, CT: Libraries Unlimited.

McIntyre, Catherine (Utah Valley University Special Collections, personal communication March

10, 2011).

Parshall, Ardis E. (Freelance researcher specializing in Utah and Mormon history, personal

communication March 18, 2011).



Activity Village. Motte and bailey colouring [Illustration]. Retrieved April 13, 2011 from

Ampersand Duck. Southpark Ducky [Illustration]. Retrieved April 13, 2011 from

Bowser ref [Illustration]. Retrieved April 13, 2011 from

Central-library-entrance-forecourt-3 [Photograph]. Retrieved April 13, 2011 from:

Confidential illustration [Illustration]. Retrieved April 13, 2011 from


Connecticut College Special Collections [Photograph]. Retrieved April 13, 2011 from

Credit Report Cartoon [Illustration]. Retrieved April 13, 2011 from


Envelope in hand [Photograph]. Retrieved April 13, 2011 from

Exendor. Cartoon Knight [Illustration]. Retrieved April 13, 2011 from

Graf, Deb. My classroom in Vienna International School [Photograph]. Retrieved April 13,2011


Goomba [Illustration]. Retrieved April 13, 2011 from

Historic library [Photograph]. Retrieved April 13, 2011 from

Jane Austen as a South Park character [Illustration]. Retrieved April 13, 2011 from

Jeremy “Jezza” Clarkson and Richard “the Hamster” Hammond [Illustrations].

Retrieved April 13, 2011 from



Keyboard [Photograph]. Retrieved April 13, 2011 from


Madonna with baby David Banda [Photograph]. Retrieved April 13,2011 from


Meforamerica. Hello my name is Jimmy decal [Illustration]. Retrieved April 13, 2011 from,306859346

Modern unique power office interior design design by Rottet Studio [Photograph].

Retrieved April 13, 2011 from


Murillo, Bartolome Esteban. Madonna and baby [Photograph of painting, photographer unkown]. Retrieved April 13,2011 from

Nitrobro. Slash [Illustration]. Retrieved April 13, 2011 from



Old library wallpaper [Photograph]. Retrieved April 13,2011 from

OCAL. Notebook [Illustration]. Retrieved April 13, 2011 from

Pees Ridge Farms. Book Pillow [Photograph]. Retrieved from

Samsung SyncMaster 723N [Photograph]. Retrieved April 13, 2011 from

Samsung SyncMaster P2350 [Photograph]. Retrieved April 13, 2011 from

Stop sign [Photograph]. Retrieved April 13, 2011 from

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Zion Restoration and Repair. Desk [Photograph]. Retrieved April 13, 2011 from

Wikipedia is accurate citation needed [Illustration]. Retrieved April 13, 2011 from