economics 172 issues in african economic development
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Economics 172 Issues in African Economic Development

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 25

Economics 172 Issues in African Economic Development - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 95 Views
  • Uploaded on

Economics 172 Issues in African Economic Development. Lecture 23 April 18, 2006. Outline: Language politics in Africa (Laitin 1992) Ethnic diversity and economic development (Easterly and Levine 1997). Next topic: ethnic diversity and development.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Economics 172 Issues in African Economic Development' - keiko-orr


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide2
Outline:
  • Language politics in Africa (Laitin 1992)
  • Ethnic diversity and economic development (Easterly and Levine 1997)

Economics 172

next topic ethnic diversity and development
Next topic: ethnic diversity and development
  • Sub-Saharan Africa is the world’s most ethno-linguistically diversity continent
  • 14 of the world’s 15 most diverse countries are in Africa (the one exception is India)

Economics 172

next topic ethnic diversity and development1
Next topic: ethnic diversity and development
  • Sub-Saharan Africa is the world’s most ethno-linguistically diversity continent
  • 14 of the world’s 15 most diverse countries are in Africa (the one exception is India)
  • What language should be chosen as the national language of such diverse countries? (Laitin 1992)

Economics 172

lingua francas in africa
Lingua francas in Africa

Language Region (main countries)

Swahili East Africa (Tanzania)

Chichewa South-east Africa (Malawi)

Lingala Central Africa (Congo)

Wolof West Africa (Senegal)

Hausa West Africa / Sahel (Nigeria)

Economics 172

should the colonial language be retained
Should the colonial language be retained?
  • Drawbacks to retaining the European colonial language as the official language:

(1) School learning may suffer when children are taught in a language that they do not know well

Economics 172

should the colonial language be retained1
Should the colonial language be retained?
  • Drawbacks to retaining the European colonial language as the official language:

(1) School learning may suffer when children are taught in a language that they do not know well

(2) Language is an important component of national identity

(3) Others?

Economics 172

should the colonial language be retained2
Should the colonial language be retained?
  • Benefits to retaining the European colonial language as the official language:

(1) Ability to communicate with the rest of the world

Economics 172

should the colonial language be retained3
Should the colonial language be retained?
  • Benefits to retaining the European colonial language as the official language:

(1) Ability to communicate with the rest of the world

(2) Ease of keeping laws, administrative records, textbooks, etc. from the colonial period

Economics 172

should the colonial language be retained4
Should the colonial language be retained?
  • Benefits to retaining the European colonial language as the official language:

(1) Ability to communicate with the rest of the world

(2) Ease of keeping laws, administrative records, textbooks, etc. from the colonial period

(3) European languages may be the most ethnically neutral choice

(4) Others?

Economics 172

choosing an official language in somalia
Choosing an official language in Somalia
  • Somalia is a medium-sized ethnically homogenous country in East Africa, one of the few on the continent. This is an ideal case for a single national language

Economics 172

choosing an official language in somalia1
Choosing an official language in Somalia
  • Somalia is a medium-sized ethnically homogenous country in East Africa, one of the few on the continent. This is an ideal case for a single national language
  • Yet the three official languages during the post-independence period were English, Italian, Arabic – not Somali!

Economics 172

choosing an official language in somalia2
Choosing an official language in Somalia
  • Somalia is a medium-sized ethnically homogenous country in East Africa, one of the few on the continent. This is an ideal case for a single national language
  • Yet the three official languages during the post-independence period were English, Italian, Arabic – not Somali!
  • Why?

(1) There was a dispute over the correct Somali script

Economics 172

choosing an official language in somalia3
Choosing an official language in Somalia
  • Somalia is a medium-sized ethnically homogenous country in East Africa, one of the few on the continent. This is an ideal case for a single national language
  • Yet the three official languages during the post-independence period were English, Italian, Arabic – not Somali!
  • Why?

(1) There was a dispute over the correct Somali script

(2) Elites have an incentive to restrict access to government jobs and power to those who speak the colonial language fluently – people like themselves

(3) Others?

Economics 172

easterly and levine 1997 on ethnic diversity
Easterly and Levine (1997) on ethnic diversity
  • Focus on ethno-linguistic fractionalization (ELF) as their measure of diversity. The data was compiled by Soviet anthropologists in the 1960s

Economics 172

easterly and levine 1997 on ethnic diversity1
Easterly and Levine (1997) on ethnic diversity
  • Focus on ethno-linguistic fractionalization (ELF) as their measure of diversity. The data was compiled by Soviet anthropologists in the 1960s
  • Highest ELF Countries:

Tanzania (0.93), Uganda (0.90), Democratic Republic of Congo (0.89), Cameroon (0.89), India (0.89), South Africa (0.88), Nigeria (0.87), Ivory Coast (0.86), Central African Republic (0.83), Kenya (0.83), etc.

Economics 172

ethnic diversity and economic growth
Ethnic diversity and economic growth
  • Their main finding is that economic growth is negatively related to ethnic diversity across all countries in the world. Regression equation:

GROWTHi = a + b(ELF)i + cXi + ei

Economics 172

ethnic diversity and economic growth1
Ethnic diversity and economic growth
  • Their main finding is that economic growth is negatively related to ethnic diversity across all countries in the world. Regression equation:

GROWTHi = a + b(ELF)i + cXi + ei

  • Their estimate is b = -0.02 (t-statistic = 3.2). Why?

Economics 172

ethnic diversity and economic growth2
Ethnic diversity and economic growth
  • Their main finding is that economic growth is negatively related to ethnic diversity across all countries in the world. Regression equation:

GROWTHi = a + b(ELF)i + cXi + ei

  • Their estimate is b = -0.02 (t-statistic = 3.2). Why?

Outcomes/channels b (t-statistic)

Schooling -0.991 (-6.2)

Financial depth -0.266 (-3.7)

Exchange rate distortion 0.252 (3.4)

Budget surplus -0.013 (-1.4)

Telephone lines/person -3.07 (-7.2)

Economics 172

whiteboard 1
Whiteboard #1

Economics 172

whiteboard 2
Whiteboard #2

Economics 172

whiteboard 3
Whiteboard #3

Economics 172

whiteboard 4
Whiteboard #4

Economics 172

whiteboard 5
Whiteboard #5

Economics 172

map of africa
Map of Africa

Economics 172

ad