By: Leslie Harper Rosaceae-The Rose Family
Classification  Kingdom: Plantae Subkingdom: Tracheobionta Superdivision: Spermatophyta Division : Magnoliophyta Class : Magnoliopsida Subclass: Rosidae Order : Rosales Family : Rosaceae Genus : AmelanchierMedik. Species : Amelanchierarborea (Michx. f.) Fernald
Shape, Form, and Type  The Service-berry is a small bush with a slow growth rate. It is most active in the growing process in the Spring and Summer. On average, it’s mature height is 36 feet tall. Its foliage color is dark green, its seeds are red, and its flowers are white. The bush’s shape is erect and growth form is single stemmed. Figure 1.1
Bark  The bark of young Service-berry trees is usually light gray with shallow, vertical crevices. The bark of the older trees tends to be much more cracked and rough. Figure 1.2
Twig  Figure 1.3 The twigs of this tree are “red-brown to black, hairy when young, becoming glabrous” .
Leaf  The leaves of the Service-berry tree are alternate, simple, and usually are from about 1 to 3 inches long. At first the leaves have a silver tint and are fuzzy, but then they grow to a dark green in the summer. In the fall the leaves turn yellow, orange, or red and are considered to be one of the most beautiful trees in this season. Figure 1.4
Bud  The buds flower in March through May. When they first unfold into leaves they are very hairy on their surface and petioles. Bright, white flowers appear before the leaves do and is among the first to sprout of the early spring trees. Figure 1.5
Flower  The flower of the Service-berry is said to be its crowning jewel. It is one of the first to show amid the early spring trees. The flowers are a brilliant white which makes them very conspicuous. Figure 1.6
Fruit  The fruit of the Service-berry tree ripens in June. It starts out as green then turns to red to purple-black. The berries are eaten by wildlife, and their seeds are dispersed by birds and other animals. Figure 1.7
Uses  • Human Consumption • Animal Consumption • Berry Product Habitat and Range  Though this tree is native to eastern North America it can be found in any other areas of the continent. In Kentucky, the Service-berry tree is found mostly in woodlands in the Appalachian Plateaus, Inner Low Plateaus, and Mississippi Embayment regions.
Photo References • Figures 1.1 & 1.6 Downy serviceberry (downy juneberry). (n.d.). Retrieved June 22, 2010, http://www.ct-botanical-society.org/garden/amelanchierarbo.html • Figures 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, & 1.7 Amelanchierarborea. (n.d.). Retrieved June 22, 2010, http://www.cas.vanderbilt.edu/bioimages/species/frame/amar3.htm
Text References •  Classification for kingdom plantae down to species amelanchierarborea (michx. f.) fernald. (n.d.). Retrieved June 22, 2010, http://plants.usda.gov/java/ClassificationServlet?source=profile&symbol=AMAR3&display=31 •  Amelanchierarborea (michx. f.) fernald. (n.d.). Retrieved June 22, 2010, http://plants.usda.gov/java/charProfile?symbol=AMAR3 •  Amelanchierarborea. (n.d.). Retrieved June 22, 2010, http://www.bernheim.org/amelanchier_arborea.html •  Amelanchierarborea (michx. f.) fern.. (n.d.). Retrieved June 24, 2010, http://www.biosurvey.ou.edu/shrub/amel-arb.htm