Why did the japanese attack pearl harbor
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Why did the Japanese attack Pearl Harbor?. 1931. Stimson Doctrine-The U.S. refused to diplomatically acknowledge the addition of Manchuria to Japan Secretary of State Henry Stimson The U.S. threatened no military or economic retaliation.

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Why did the japanese attack pearl harbor

1931

Stimson Doctrine-The U.S. refused to diplomatically acknowledge the addition of Manchuria to JapanSecretary of State Henry Stimson

The U.S. threatened no military or economic retaliation.

  • United States did not want to disrupt trade with Japan.

  • U.S. supplied Japan with most of its scrap iron and steel.

  • U.S. sold Japan 80% of its oil.


Why did the japanese attack pearl harbor

1937

Sino-Japanese War

  • Japan begins full scale war against China

  • 35 million Chinese killed or maimed during the War.

December 13, 1937 city of Nanking fell to Japanese

  • 300,000 Chinese soldiers and civilians were killed

  • 20,000 women were raped.

  • 200,000 Chinese were killed in germ warfare

  • experiments


Why did the japanese attack pearl harbor

Chinese Generalissimo

Chiang Kai-shek

蔣中正蔣介石

Nationalist

leader of China

1928-1948


Why did the japanese attack pearl harbor

1939

U.S. announced it was pulling out of the 1911 Treaty of Commerce and Navigation with Japan

July 1940 U.S. aviation gas ban

Fall 1940 U.S. Embargoed iron, steel and machine parts


Why did the japanese attack pearl harbor

1941

July 1941

U.S.completely embargoed resources to Japan

U.S. froze all Japanese assets in American entities

  • November 26, 1941,U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull handed Japanese ambassadors in Washington D.C. the "Hull Note."

  • The only way for the U.S. to remove the resource embargo was for Japan to:

    • Remove all troops from China.

    • Remove all troops from Indochina.

    • End the alliance it had signed with Germany and Italy the previous year.


Why did the japanese attack pearl harbor

Last Diplomatic Meeting

November 17

1941

Secretary of State

Cordell Hull

Japanese Ambassador

Admiral Kichisaburō Nomura (left)

and Special Envoy

Saburō Kurusu (right)



Why did the japanese attack pearl harbor

U.S. declares war on Japan

December 8, 1941

Japanese attack the Philippines December 8, 1941

Germany declares war on the U.S.

December 11, 1941

American forces are defeated in the Philippines

Surrender May 8, 1942


Why did the japanese attack pearl harbor

Battle of Midway

June 4-7, 1942


Why did the japanese attack pearl harbor

Philippines 1944-45

Iwo Jima, February 1945

Okinawa April 1- June 21, 1945

U.S. -75,000 casualties

Japan-110,071 killed


Why did the japanese attack pearl harbor

August 6 Hiroshima

August 9 Nagasaki and

Soviets invade Manchuria

August 15 Japanese surrender

1945

"Should We continue to fight, it would not only result in an ultimate collapse and obliteration of the Japanese nation, but also it would lead to the total extinction of human civilization." -Emperor Hirohito