Look at the following pictures and describe what it suggests about the role of women in Nazi Germany
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Look at the following pictures and describe what it suggests about the role of women in Nazi Germany


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The Cross of Honour of the German Mother but known as the Mothers Cross, was Hitler's idea to encourage Aryan population growth, Awards were bronze, silver, or gold cross depending on the number of children. Eight = gold cross, six for silver, and four for bronze.

There was even a Golden Cross with Diamonds for between twelve and fourteen children.

The crosses were awarded annually on August 12 (Hitler's mother's birthday), and the second Sunday in May (Mothering Sunday)


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What is meant by… Mothers Cross, was Hitler's idea to encourage Aryan population growth, Awards were bronze, silver, or gold cross depending on the number of children. Eight = gold cross, six for silver, and four for bronze.

Kinder, Kirche, Kueche


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What do you think is meant by… Mothers Cross, was Hitler's idea to encourage Aryan population growth, Awards were bronze, silver, or gold cross depending on the number of children. Eight = gold cross, six for silver, and four for bronze.

Children, Church, Kitchen


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Our fourth child, 4 more and I will receive the Honour Cross from the Fuhrer

Darling, I will protect and defend our family..

I hope I can be as good a homemaker as you one day mother

I am proud to be a in the Hitler Youth. I feel like I can make a difference


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Lesson objectives from the Fuhrer

  • To be able to describe what life was like for women in Nazi Germany

  • To know how women’s rights changed under the Nazis compared to their rights under the Weimar Republic


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This phrase was often used by the Nazis to describe their vision of what life for women should be like. Decide how far they succeeded in creating this vision of a virtuous, domestic and family orientated lifestyle for women within Germany.

Virtuous - Having good qualities. Being morally good.

Domestic - Spending a lot of time living and working in the home


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How does Goebbels describe Women? Do you think women would be happy with this description?

In 1929, Goebbels stated: ‘The mission of women is to be beautiful and to bring children into the world. This is not at all as.........un-modern as it sounds. The female bird preens herself for her mate and hatches eggs for him. In exchange, the male takes care of gathering food, and stands guard and wards off the enemy.’


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How did the Nazis try to ‘ease’ women out of the workplace?

The initial policy was to ease women out of the top levels of the civil service, law, medicine and politics. Women were induced to stay at home by new ‘marriage credits’ and child bonuses. The gradual decline of unemployment, however, created a new demand for labour. The result was the steady recruitment of women into both agriculture and industry, the total reaching 5.2 million by 1938.

Stephen Lee, The European Dictatorships 1918-1945 (Routledge, 1987)

Did the Nazis remove women completely from the workplace?


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What did the Nazis want from German women? workplace?

You have 6 minutes to read as much information as you can on pages 136 and 137, (white book)

As a group of three you have to prepare an improvised speech convincing women to follow Nazi rules


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How did life change for women in workplace?

Germany 1919 - 1945?

Pre 1933

Post 1933

Married and unmarried women were

encouraged to have children

Loans were offered to brides who agreed not to take a job

The ideal man was a matter of personal choice

Women sat in the Reichstag

Women were encouraged to stay at home and be a helpmate to their husbands

Women were told that the ideal husband would be an Aryan

Women were free to smoke and wear make-up

The Honour Cross of the German Mother was awarded according to how many children you had

Female doctors and civil servants were sacked

There were 3000 female doctors

There are six statements that apply to women after 1933, decide which are the correct statement and write them down under the correct heading


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Preparing for war workplace?

...but don't stop having babies!

The Lebensborn Programme: Unmarried mothers 'donated a baby to the Fuhrer'.

SS officers would father the children.

Women's employment increased.

Employers preferred to employ women - it was cheaper.

Hitler believed that a woman's place was in the home.

He wanted women to be at home with the children.

The Nazis encouraged women to have more and more children

As more men joined the armed forces the Nazis needed more women to go to work

Do there seem to be some contradictions within Nazi Policy?



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Draw the outline of the body only Nazis?

Pass your picture to the person next to you


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Add the clothing Nazis?

Pass your picture to the person next to you


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Add the hair Nazis?

Pass your picture to the person next to you


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Add the facial features Nazis?

Pass your picture to the person next to you


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Add shoes Nazis?

Pass your picture to the person next to you


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Add anything that women were not allowed to do and place a cross over it

Pass your picture to the person next to you


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Add any other features not included on the picture cross over it

Pass your picture to the person next to you


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Label as many features as you can with an explanation cross over it

Give your picture back to the right person


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A German Rhyme addressed to women cross over it

“Take hold of kettle, broom and pan,

Then you’ll surely get a man!

Shop and office leave alone,

Your true life work lies at home”

You have 5 minutes to create your own 4 line rhyme


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Explain how the position of women in Germany changed in the years 1933-39.(8 marks)

What is the key word of this Question?


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Explain how the position of women in Germany years 1933-39.changed in the years 1933-39.(8 marks)

You need to think about at least two areas of change and provide developed explanations. You must describe how life for women changed under the Nazis from the Weimar Republic


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Mark Scheme years 1933-39.

  • 1 1-2 Simple or generalised statements of change.

  • The student makes statements which lack any supporting evidences.

  • eg Women lost their jobs. (1)

  • 􀁸 1 mark for one simple statement.

  • 􀁸 2 marks for two or more simple statements.

  • 2 3-5 Developed statements of change.

  • The student supports the statement with relevant examples.

  • eg One reason was in employment. Married women were made to give up their careers and concentrate on being wives and mothers.(3)

  • 􀁸 3 marks for one developed statement.

  • 􀁸 4-5 marks for two or more.

  • 3 6-8 Developed explanation of change.

  • An explanation of more than one change supported by relevant knowledge.

  • eg As level 2, with details of areas in which they lost employment and possibly re-employment after 1937. At least one other explained change, which could include changes in appearance, encouraging marriage and children, domestic role and the 3Ks.(6-7)

  • 􀁸 6-7 marks for two or more explained factors.

  • 􀁸 8 marks for answers which show links between factors.


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Lesson objectives years 1933-39.

  • To be able to describe what life was like for women in Nazi Germany

  • To know what Nazi policies regarding women were and decide if these policies were successfully carried out