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MODERN GEORGIA. VOCABULARY. Civil Rights Desegregate Civil Rights Act of 1964 Voting Rights Act of 1965 Sun Belt Run Off Discrimination Cold War Communism County Unit System. IMPORTANT NAMES TO KNOW. Eugene Talmadge Herman Talmadge Ellis Arnall William Hartsfield Ivan Allen Jr.

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  • Civil Rights
  • Desegregate
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965
  • Sun Belt
  • Run Off
  • Discrimination
  • Cold War
  • Communism
  • County Unit System
important names to know
  • Eugene Talmadge
  • Herman Talmadge
  • Ellis Arnall
  • William Hartsfield
  • Ivan Allen Jr.
  • Benjamin Mayes
  • Hamilton Holmes and Charlayne Hunter
  • Maynard Jackson
  • Lester Maddox
  • Andrew Young
  • Jimmy Carter
i a changing state
I. A Changing State
  • Farms decreased in numbers but increased in size.
  • Cities slowly become more important as people move to them.
  • In the 1970’s, people move to the south to find jobs (Sun Belt Movement)
i a changing state1
I. A Changing State
  • For Example
    • William Hartsfield – made Atlanta an airport powerhouse.
    • Ivan Allen Jr. – created the “Forward Atlanta Commission” attempting to bring business to Atlanta. Helped bring the Atlanta Braves here.
i a changing state2
I. A Changing State
  • Changes in attitudes
    • Ellis Arnall – Governor of the state who got rid of white primaries.
    • Blacks began to participate more in government. Andrew Young became first black Congressman from Georgia in the 20th century. Maynard Jackson became first black mayor of a major southern city.
i a changing state3
I. A Changing State
  • 3 Governor’s Controversy
    • Election of 1946
    • Eugene Talmadge was elected but died before taking office.
    • A dispute between his son Herman Talmadge and two others takes places. In the end, Herman Talmadge became governor
ii civil rights movement
II. Civil Rights Movement
  • Organizations
    • NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People)
    • Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee – students from around the country who planned peaceful protests and sit-ins.
ii civil rights movement1
II. Civil Rights Movement
  • Brown vs. Board of Education – required that southern states desegregate their schools
  • In retaliation, Georgia changed their flag to resemble a Confederate battle flag in 1956.
ii civil rights movement2
II. Civil Rights Movement
  • Sibley Commission was created to research if Georgia should desegregate. They decided that Georgia should desegregate as slowly as possible.
ii civil rights movement3
II. Civil Rights Movement
  • Albany Movement – In an attempt to enforce desegregation laws in Albany, Georgia, Martin Luther King and others went there and staged peaceful protests. Most were arrested and eventually failed.
ii civil rights movement4
II. Civil Rights Movement
  • March on Washington DC.
    • Civil Rights groups from around the country planned a demonstration in Washington DC, where Martin Luther King Jr. gave his “I Have a Dream Speech.”
ii civil rights movement5
II. Civil Rights Movement
  • The March on Washington DC encouraged the Federal Government to create the Civil Rights Act and Voting Rights Act.
iii other big changes
III. Other Big Changes
  • The End of the County Unit System – brings political power to the cities as opposed to small rural farmers
iii other big changes1
III. Other Big Changes
  • Jimmy Carter is the only Georgian to become president.
  • He was once Governor of Georgia (which he won in a run off election)
  • He won a Nobel Peace Prize for humanitarian work
iii other big changes2
III. Other Big Changes
  • Rise of the Two Party System
    • Georgia used to be ALL DEMOCRAT. Now it is a majority Republican. This is due to an increased business friendly influence.
iii other big changes3
III. Other Big Changes
  • 1996 Olympics
    • As an ambassador, Andrew Young worked to bring Olympics to Georgia.
    • The Olympics brought much needed outside money to the state. We used it for many public works.