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TaK - Language. “In the beginning was the Word...”. “If you can’t say it, you don’t know it” Hans Reichenbach. TaK - Language. “How often misused words generate misleading thoughts” Herbert Spencer.

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tak language

TaK - Language

“In the beginning was the Word...”

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“If you can’t say it, you don’t know it”

Hans Reichenbach

TaK - Language

“How often misused words

generate misleading thoughts”

Herbert Spencer

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TaK - Language





Language is a subset of Communication

  • but not all communication is language.
  • What else is there?

TaK - Language

Communication - Arts

Pablo Picasso

Francis Bacon

A picture is worth a thousand words…?


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  • Body Language - examples
    • Hands on knees: indicates readiness.
    • Hands on hips: indicates impatience or possibly the person is angry
    • Lock your hands behind your back: indicates self-control.
    • Locked hands behind head: states confidence.
    • Sitting with a leg over the arm of the chair: suggests indifference.
    • Legs and feet pointed in a particular direction: the direction where more interest is felt
    • Crossed arms: indicates submissiveness.
  • Body language is a form of non-verbal communication involving the use of stylized gestures, postures, and physiologic signs which act as cues to other people. Humans, sometimes unconsciously, send and receive non-verbal signals all the time.
  • Perhaps 70% of communication is non-verbal

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1) What can body language communicate more effectively than spoken language?

2) What can spoken language communicate more effectively than body language?

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Words are symbols …

this word represents thatthing

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Tree =

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What do we mean by ‘Language’?

    • Language is rule-governed.
    • Language is intended.
    • Language is creative and open-ended.

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    • Grammar
    • Rules
    • Accepted vocabulary
    • Needs social agreement

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Make a coherent sentence using all 12 words:

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TaK - Language

  • The Montillation of Traxolineby Judy Lanier
  • “It is very important that you learn about traxoline. Traxoline is a new form of zionter. It is montilled in Ceristanna. The Ceristanniansgristeriate large amounts of fevon and then bracter it into quaseltraxoline. Traxoline may well be one of our most lukizedsnezlaus in the future because of zionterlescelidge”
    • What is traxoline?
    • Where is traxolinemontilled?
    • How is traxolinequaselled?
    • Why is it important to know about traxoline?
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    • Language is a form of communication, but not all communication is language
      • You are bored in class, you catch someone’s eye and make a yawning gesture
      • You are trying to look interested in what someone is saying but find yourself starting to yawn.

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Creative and open-ended:

You can write or speak a sentence that has never before appeared in the English language ...

TaK - Language

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Language enables us to communicate new information, to learn about people and places and ideas we have never encountered before…

... but to what extent should we trust it?

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In groups, define –

          • A triangle
          • A table
          • Love

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Pass along a message......

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There is an element of translation

in every communication.

  • A sends a message to B.
  • B receives the message and interprets it.
  • Misunderstanding takes place.

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Why is it so difficult to communicate effectively?

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Some of the reasons...

  • Most of the message we communicate is non-verbal.
  • The words we use are vague, imprecise, and can be interpreted in different ways.
  • We may have a “hidden agenda” that is not mutually understood.
  • In this community, we all have different language histories and experiences – verbal and non-verbal! This contributes to the “problem” of communication.

TaK - Language