ERA OF DEMOCRATS 1800-1860. -THE ERA OF THE DEMOCRATS BEGAN WITH THOMAS JEFFERSON'S ELECTION IN 1800. IT WAS THE BEGGINING OF DEMOCRATIC DOMINATION LASTING UNTIL THE CIVIL WAR. MAJOR EVENTS THAT TOOK PLACE. - DEMOCRATIC PARTY. - WHIG PARTY.
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-THE ERA OF THE DEMOCRATS BEGAN WITH THOMAS JEFFERSON'S ELECTION IN 1800. IT WAS THE BEGGINING OF DEMOCRATIC DOMINATION LASTING UNTIL THE CIVIL WAR.
-WAS LED BYTHE WIDELY POPULAR HENRY CLAY AND DANIEL WEBSTER.
-LED BY JACKSON, WERE A COMBINATION OF SMALL FARMERS, DEBTORS, FRONTIER PIONEERS, AND SLAVEHOLDERS.
-CONSISTED OF A LOOSE COMBINATION OF EASTERN BANKERS, MECHANTS AND INDUSTRIALISTS, AND MANY OWNERS OF LARGE SOUTHERN PLANTATIONS. THE WHIGS WERE OPPOSED TO THE BELIEF OF JACKSONIAN DEMOCRACY AND STRONGLY SUPPORTED A HIGH TARRIF.
-THE JACKSONIAN DEMOCRACY PRODUCED THREE FUNDAMENTAL CHANGES. 1) VOTING RIGHTS FOR ALL WHITE MALES. 2) A HUGE INCREASE IN THE NUMBER OF ELECTED OFFICES AROUND THE COUNTRY. 3) SPREAD OF SPOILS SYSTEM, THE PRACTICE OF AWARDING PUBLIC OFFICES, CONTRACTS, AND OTHER GOVERNMENTAL FAVORS TO THOSE WHO SUPPORTED THE PARTY IN POWER.
-ELECTED TWO WAR HEROES TO THE WHITE HOUSE; WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON (1840) AND ZACHARY TAYLOR (1848).
-A GROUP THAT AROSE TO COMPETE FOR SUPPORTERS AMONG THE FORMER WHIGS AND DEMOCRATS, THE REPUBLICAN PARTY WAS THE MOST SUCCESSFUL.
-BY THE 1850'S, THE GROWING CRISIS OVER SLAVERY SPLIT BOTH MAJOR PARTIES. LEFT LEADERLESS BY THE DEATHS OF STATESMEN HENRY CLAY AND WILLIAM WEBSTER, THE WHIG PARTY FELL APART.
-FOUNDED IN 1854, IT ATTRACTED MANY WHIGS AND ANTISLAVERY.
-REPUBLICANS NOMINATED THEIR FIRST PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATE, JOHN C. FREMONT, IN 1856; AND ELECTED ABRAHAM LINCOLN AS THEIR FIRST PRESIDENT IN 1860.
-MEANWHILE, THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY SPLIT INTO TWO SHARPLY DIVIDED CAMPS, IN THE NORTH AND SOUTH.
-REPUBLICAN PARTY BECAME THE ONLY PARTY IN THE HISTORY OF AMERICAN POLITICS TO MAKE THE JUMP FROM TIRD-PARTY TO MAJOR-PARTY STATUS.
William McKinley (R)
William Jennings Bryan (D)
Supported gold standard
-Marshall Plan: aimed to aid Europe to prevent the spread of Communism after WWII
- Truman Doctrine: the United States would support Greece and Turkey with economic and military aid to prevent them from falling into communism
- Attacks on Japan: made the decision to use the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki to save U.S soldiers during WWII
Era Of Divided Government
Are based on a set of beliefs on social, economic and political. Most have Marxist ideas examples are socialist, socialist labor, socialist worker and communist parties
A Single Issue Party is a political party who campaigns for office on the basis of a single issue.
~ By Sabrina Saad, Mariam Kassem, Ali Aljanabi
I’ve got my own ideas… we out
Those who have split away from one of the major parties are known as splinter parties.
Most of the more important minor parties in politics have been splinter parties.
Most splinter parties have formed around a strong personality.
When a popular candidate is not chosen to represent a certain political party, or doesn’t agree with a certain aspect of his party, he can start his own “splinter party”.
Splinter parties are significant because, although they most likely will not win, they make send a message from all of the votes they do manage to rally up.
Among the leading groups that have defined themselves as splinter parties are Teddy Roosevelt and his “Bull Moose” party, who left the democratic party in 1912.
Although he didn’t win the election, Teddy Roosevelt made a large dent in the ballots.