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Foundations of Liturgy. Part II The Eucharist. Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy.

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foundations of liturgy
Foundations of Liturgy

Part II

The Eucharist

constitution on the sacred liturgy
Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy

Mother Church earnestly desires that all the faithful should be led to that fully conscious, and active participation in liturgical celebrations which is demanded by the very nature of the liturgy. Such participation by the Christian people as "a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a redeemed people (1 Pet. 2:9; cf. 2:4-5), is their right and duty by reason of their baptism. (#14)

constitution on the sacred liturgy1
Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy

“To develop active participation, the people should be encouraged to take part by means of acclamations, responses, psalms, antiphons, hymns, as well as by actions, gestures and bodily attitudes.” (#30)

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Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy

“Liturgical services are not private functions but are celebrations of the church which is “the sacrament of unity,” namely, the holy people united and organized under their bishops.” (#26)

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Eucharist – CCC (1322-1419)

Intro:

- Completes Initiation

- Sacrifice: perpetuates offering on the cross

- Memorial of death and resurrection

- symbol

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Eucharist - CCC

Eucharist as Symbol:

- sacrament of love

- sign of unity

- bond of charity

- Paschal Feast – for this life and the life to come

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Eucharist - CCC

I. The Eucharist – Source & Summit of Ecclesial Life (1324-1332)

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Eucharist – CCC

Source & Summit of Ecclesial Life:

- Meaning

- Sacraments, Ministries, Apostolates all flow from it

- All are bound up with it and oriented to it

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Eucharist – CCC

- Efficacious Sign

- Divine Cause of Communion (with God and His people)

- Trinitarian

- Unites us with Heavenly Liturgy

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Eucharist – CCC

II. The Eucharist – What Is This Sacrament Called (1328-1332)

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Eucharist – CCC

Names = Meaning:

- Eucharist – eucharistein / eulogein

- Lord’s Supper

- Breaking of Bread – Luke 24 / Acts 2

- Eucharistic Assembly (visible expression of Church / Christ)

- Memorial

human meals
Human Meals

- Cana – first miracle – John 2:1-11

- Home of Matthew – Matthew 9:10-13

- Eats with tax collectors and sinners – Luke 5:29

- Home of Martha and Mary – Luke 10:38-42

- With Pharisee on the Sabbath – Luke 11:37-42

- Simon the leper at Bethany – Matthew 26:6-13

- Peter’s mother-in-law – Mark 1:29-31

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Meals of Risen Christ

Emmaus – Luke 24:13-35

-“He was made known to them in the breaking of the bread.”

Appearance to the Eleven – Mark 16:14

- “As the eleven were at table, he appeared

to them.”

Jerusalem – Luke 24:36-43

-“They gave him a piece of baked fish.”

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Eucharist – CCC

Names = Meaning

- Holy Sacrifice

- Divine Liturgy

- Holy Communion

- Holy Mass (Missa / missio)

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Eucharist – CCC

III. The Eucharist – In the Economy of Salvation (1333-1344)

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Eucharist – CCC

Signs of Bread and Wine:

- Symbolism / Meaning

- Goodness of Creation

- Fulfillment of OT (first fruits, Melchizedek)

- Multiplication of Loaves: takes, blesses, breaks, distributes

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Eucharist – CCC

Signs of Bread and Wine:

- Cana – start of ministry; sign of Kingdom

- Scandal of Eucharist: “This is a hard saying; who can listen to it?” (Jn 6:20)

- Receiving the Lord himself

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Eucharist – CCC

Institution of the Eucharist

- Commandment of His Love (do what He did)

- Pledge of His Love

- Synoptics

- St. John / St. Paul

- New Passover

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Eucharist – CCC

“Do This in Memory of Me”

- Memorial / Remembering

- First Day of the Week

- . . . Until He Comes Again

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Eucharist – CCC

IV. The Eucharist – The Liturgical Celebration of the Eucharist (1345-1355)

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Eucharist – Source & Summit

Let’s Remember

The Road to Emmaus

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Eucharist – CCC

Mass for All the Ages:

- St. Justin (read description-CCC 1345)

- Gathering, Word, Eucharist, Dismissal

- Several Parts; One Single Act – meaning?

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Eucharist – CCC

Movement of Celebration

- It Starts at Home

- Gathering

- Liturgy of Word

- Presentation / Preparation / Offering

- they represent US

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Eucharist – CCC

Movement of the Celebration

- Presentation / Preparation / Offering

- they represent US

- Anaphora

1. Preface

2. Epiclesis

3. Institution Narrative

4. Anamnesis

5. Intercessions

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Eucharist – CCC

Movement of the Celebration

- Our Father

- Peace

- Communion

- Dismissal – Why So Brief?

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Eucharist – CCC

V. The Eucharist - The Sacramental Sacrifice: Thanksgiving, Memorial, Presence (1356-1381)

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Eucharist – CCC

- Thanksgiving and Praise to the Father:

for Salvation, Creation

- Memorial: Paschal in Nature

- Sacrifice

- Unites Us With Christ / With the Church

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Eucharist – CCC

Presence of Christ

- Eucharistic Species

- Word

- Minister

- Assembly

(CSL, # 7)

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Eucharist – CCC

Some Concepts

- Tabernacle: purpose?

- Transubstantiation

- Adoration (more later)

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Eucharist – CCC

VI. The Eucharist – The Paschal Banquet (1382-1401)

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Eucharist – CCC

- Altar vs. Table

- Must Prepare – fasting, reading, where to start?

- but . . . “I am not worthy” – What Christ does; What We Are to Do (Sacrament of Penance)

- Keeping Sunday Holy

- Receiving at Least Once a Year

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Eucharist – CCC

Fruits of Holy Communion

- Union with Christ / Church

- Forgiveness

- Becoming What We Receive

- Commitment to the Poor

- Unites Us With All Christians

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Eucharist – CCC

VII. The Eucharist – Pledge of the Glory to Come (1402-1405)

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HCWEOM

General Intro:

- Eucharist: Center of Entire Christian Life

- Mass: “origin and purpose of the worship that is shown to the eucharist outside Mass”

- Veneration & Adoration: “It’s a good thing”

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HCWEOM

General Intro:

- Eucharistic Reservation: 2 purposes

- Presence of Christ at Mass (CSL # 7) - Church Open for Prayer

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HCWEOM

Place of Reservation

- Separate Chapel

- Built of Living Stones

- Adoration / Exposition / Benediction

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HCWEOM

“Communion Services”

- Specific Order

- Shorter Rite (pp. 654-658)

- Viaticum

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HCWEOM

Adoration / Exposition / Benediction:

- must emphasize correlation with Mass

- Eucharist: feed, heal, comfort – these are primary

- No Mass while Exposition takes place

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HCWEOM

Adoration / Exposition / Benediction:

- genuflection: ONE knee

- “Reasonable” number present

- Readings, songs, prayers, silence, Liturgy of Hours

- Private Devotions should remain just that

- Should foster better understanding / experience of Eucharist

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HCWEOM

Adoration / Exposition / Benediction:

- Exposition for the sake of Benediction is prohibited

- Ministers: Clergy or laity (laity cannot give blessing)

- Divine Praises (look at Rites book)