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Impact of accession to the EU on the Hungarian science policy

Impact of accession to the EU on the Hungarian science policy

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Impact of accession to the EU on the Hungarian science policy

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  1. Impact of accession to the EU on the Hungarian science policy Hungarian Academy of Sciences 14th October, 2003

  2. Contents Hungarian science and technology in an international comparison (basic indicators) Hungarian participation in European research: Structure of connections Framework Project 5 Framework Project 6

  3. 4.0 4.0 3.5 3.5 3.0 3.0 2.5 2.5 2.0 2.0 1.5 1.5 1.0 1.0 R&D input in some OECD countries1985 - 2000 Percentage of GDP Sweden FINLAND Japan Sweden USA Germany Japan USA Germany OECD total UK France France Denmark UK Norway Finland AustriaNorway Austria Denmark 00 Source: OECD, Main Science and Technology Indicators Database A 02/ 01-03

  4. R&D intensity and GDP growthin some countries R&D intensity, % 4.0 3.0 2.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 5.0 6.0 7.0 8.0 9.0 Real growth in GDP 95-99, % Source: Statistics Finland A 07B/ 01-06

  5. Hungarian science and technology in an international comparison (basic indicators) • Number of researchers • R&D intensity (percent of GDP) • R&D intensity (share of government budget) • Number of new Science and Engineering PhD’s per 1000 population • Number of scientific publications per 1 million population

  6. Number of researchers per 1000 workforce, latest available year 10,62 Finland 9,26 Japan 8,44 Sweden 8,08 US 6,46 Denmark 6,14 France 6,11 Belgium 6,07 Germany 5,54 United Kingdom 5,28 EU 5,12 Ireland 5,05 Netherlands 4,86 Austria 4,60 Slovenia 3,77 Spain 3,66 Hungary 3,33 Italy 3,27 Portugal 2,57 Greece 0 2 4 6 8 10 12

  7. Business enterprises Public sector Other nationalresources Abroad No breakdown R&D financing in 1997 R&D expenditures by source of funds Japan Korea Ireland Sweden Switzerland United States Belgium Finland OECD Germany Czech Rep. European Union Denmark UK Norway Austria Canada Netherlands France Australia Spain Italy Iceland Turkey Hungary Poland N. Zealand Portugal Greece Mexico 0 20 40 60 80 100 % Source: OECD, MSTI database, April 1999 J07/ 00-06

  8. Hungarian participation in European research Structure of connections between Brussels and Hungary Liaison offices (in Hungary) Framework Project 5 Budget, participation in projects, success rate, partners Framework Project 6 Vision (2006)

  9. CREST EU Commission External Advisory Group (EAG) Programme Committees Evaluators PC members HunOR liaison office + S&T Attaché, Brussels Coordination: Ministry of Education R&D Division, Section of EU S&T Co-operation NCPs Ministries, academy, professional organisations (the other PC member) Thematic Departments (one PC member) Liaison Offices Brussels Brussels and HU Hungarian R&D Community Hungary

  10. Miskolc BUDAPEST Sopron Debrecen Szeged Pécs Liaisonoffices1999-2002 7 regional centers • regional S+T center • information on projects Veszprém

  11. Hungarian national contribution to the budget of FP5

  12. Subdivision between different fields Information Society 21% Growth (Sustainable Dev.) 17% Quality of Life 17% Human Potential 15% Environment and Energy 14% INCO 13% Euratom 3%

  13. M euro

  14. Hungarian participation in FP5: Division of the EU funding (state of April 2002) 59,851 Meuro

  15. Hungarian participation in FP5: Division of the retained projects 524 projects

  16. Hungarian success rates in FP5 (Retained/failed)

  17. Centers of Excellence Research Institute of Experimental Medicine „Rényi Alfréd” Mathematical Institute Computer and Automation Research Institute Biological Research Center, Szeged KFKI Research Institute for Solid State Physics and Optics Chemical Research Center (2002)

  18. Partners of the Hungarian participants in EU FP5 Life projects (Call 1&2&3, „Retained projects”) /April 2002/ 0 Reykjavik 77 projects 82 Hungarian participants 784 foreign partners 31 countries 3 29 4 Helsinki Helsinki Oslo Oslo 16 projects 21 Hungarian participants 122 foreign partners 22 countries Washington 18 1 Stockholm Stockholm 5 31 7 Tallin Copenhagen Copenhagen 18 29 4 Riga 2 3 Dublin Dublin 11 Vilnius London London Amsterdam Amsterdam Berlin Berlin Warsaw Warsaw 95 21 22 6 55 3 110 13 Brussels Brussels 26 3 Luxembourg Luxembourg 1 1 21 2 Moscow Paris Paris Prague Bratislava 14 70 Vienna Wien 13 4 17 27 BUDAPEST BUDAPEST 1 Geneve Geneve 6 Ljubjana 1 Ljubjana 1 10 Lisboa Bucharest Bucharest 5 10 63 Madrid Madrid 21 Sofia Sofia 1 5 Rome Rome 37 7 5 Istanbul Number of Partners (by country) Partners (by countries) 2 23 Athens Athens 2 Larnaca Tel-Aviv Sydney 4 Tel-Aviv 13

  19. Partners of the Hungarian participants in EU FP5 IST projects (Call 1&2&3&4&5&6&7&8 „Retained projects”) /April 2002/ Nuuk 1 5 Reykjavik Ottawa 2 120 projects 154 Hungarian participants 1179 foreign partners 40 countries and 1 international institution 3 33 4 Helsinki Helsinki Oslo Oslo 16 projects 21 Hungarian participants 122 foreign partners 22 countries Washington 14 1 Stockholm Stockholm 5 29 11 Tallin Copenhagen Copenhagen 8 23 17 Riga 2 3 13 Dublin Dublin Vilnius 111 London London Amsterdam Amsterdam Minsk Berlin Berlin Warsaw Warsaw 38 22 6 45 3 163 2 13 45 Brussels Brussels 3 1 Luxembourg Luxembourg 1 5 29 1 1 Moscow Tokyo Paris Paris Prague Bratislava Kijev 14 Vienna 105 Wien 13 4 34 40 1 Kisinev BUDAPEST BUDAPEST 1 Geneve Geneve 22 Ljubjana 1 Ljubjana 22 1 Lisboa Bucharest Bucharest 5 24 135 1 Madrid Madrid 21 Sofia Sofia 1 23 Tibilis Rome Rome 102 7 1 Ankara Number of Partners (by country) Partners (by countries) 2 34 Athens Athens 2 Larnaca 2 Tel-Aviv Sydney Valletta 9 1 Tel-Aviv 10

  20. Partners of the Hungarian participants in EU FP5 EESD projects /April 2002/ 0 Reykjavik 86 projects 119 Hungarian participants 916 foreign partners 33 countries 3 25 4 Helsinki Helsinki Oslo Oslo 16 projects 21 Hungarian participants 122 foreign partners 22 countries Washington 21 1 Stockholm Stockholm 11 5 17 Tallin Copenhagen Copenhagen 14 36 8 Riga 2 3 Dublin Dublin 9 Vilnius London London Amsterdam Amsterdam Berlin Berlin Warsaw Warsaw 81 31 22 6 62 3 114 13 Brussels Brussels 26 3 Luxembourg Luxembourg 1 2 40 1 0 Moscow Paris Paris Prague Bratislava Kijev 14 50 Vienna Wien 23 4 13 71 BUDAPEST BUDAPEST 1 Geneve Geneve 14 Ljubjana 1 Ljubjana 1 1 24 Lisboa Bucharest Bucharest Zagrab 5 18 60 1 Madrid Madrid 21 Sofia Sofia 1 15 Sarajevo Rome Rome 35 7 Number of Partners (by country) Partners (by countries) 2 32 Athens Athens 2 Larnaca Tel-Aviv 3 3 Tel-Aviv 4 Valetta

  21. Hungarian national contribution to the budget of FP6 8000 0 0 0 0 1275 6000 1912.5 0 EU red. Million Ft 4000 Phare 2500 6375 6375 5100 Budget 2000 1962.5 0 2003 2004 2005 2006

  22. HUNGARIAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY VISION 2006 Gross R&D expenditure: at least 2% of the GDP; The share of the private sector: between 50-70%; At least 30% growth in R&D jobs, mainly in company R&D; Brain drain will be stopped or will be in balance by raising the salaries in the R&D to the 60% of the EU average; Number of domestic patent applications: 1500 in a year, High technology new spin-off companies provide several well paid jobs around the regional knowledge centers; Public understanding for science and technology will reach its proper position.