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Paris Ile de France, Unregulated competitive decentralization. Christian Lefèvre, Université Paris-Est, Institut Français d’Urbanisme, LATTS. Regional Studies Association Research Network Governing Metropolitan regions within a Localist Agenda: London, Paris and Berlin

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slide1

Paris Ile de France, Unregulatedcompetitivedecentralization

Christian Lefèvre, Université Paris-Est,

Institut Français d’Urbanisme,

LATTS

RegionalStudies Association Research Network

GoverningMetropolitanregions

within a Localist Agenda: London, Paris and Berlin

Second Seminar:

22nd February, 2013

Institutional and policy issues: Articulating scales

slide2

3 major periods

  • 1950-80s : State-led metropolis
  • 1980-00s: Unfinished decentralization
  • 2000-today: Unregulated competitive Decentralization
slide3

1950-80s : a State-led metropolis

  • Major Developments
  • - La Défense
  • - Public Transport and road network
  • - Major housingschemes
  • - universities, etc.
  • New public agencies and public corporations
  • - DATAR
  • - AFTRP
  • - IAURP
  • - District de la région de Paris
slide4

1980-00s: Unfinished decentralization

  • 1982-1983: DecentralizationActs and creation of Regions
  • Ile de France as an exception: Planning and Public Transport not transfered to local governments
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2000-today: Unregulated competitive Decentralization

  • New powers to the Regional Council
  • Toomanyplayers: extreme fragmentation
  • Concurrent initiatives for territorial leadership
slide6

New powers to the Regional Council

  • STIF (Public Transport) iscontrolled by the Region
  • A new master plan elaborated by the Regional Council
  • State remains in control of transit operators
  • State must approve the Master Plan
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Toomanyplayers: extreme fragmentation

The 1300 municipalities of the Ile de France

The 8départements

slide9

Concurrent initiatives for territorial leadership

  • City of Paris: Metropolitanconference, Paris Métropole and Metropolitan pole
  • The State: the Grand Paris project
  • Regional Council: Reluctance to participate and not verypresent
slide11

Paris Métropole: 2009 ----

Paris Métropole in 2012

slide13

The State: the Grand Paris project

  • OIN
  • Grand Paris Transport
  • The Grand Paris Act (2010)
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CONCLUSION

  • CompetitiveDecentralization
  • Conflicts of vision and territorial leadership
  • No legitimate leader
  • No places for dialogue, mediation and negotiation