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Egyptian Gods & Goddess. Osiris Archetype: _________________. God of the earth and vegetation Symbolized the yearly drought and flooding of the Nile. Gave Egypt civilization. Married his sister, Isis

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Egyptian gods goddess

Egyptian Gods & Goddess

Osiris archetype
OsirisArchetype: _________________

  • God of the earth and vegetation

  • Symbolized the yearly drought and flooding of the Nile.

  • Gave Egypt civilization.

  • Married his sister, Isis

  • Osiris rules Egypt and he leaves Isis in charge when he is gone

  • Set and 72 conspirators kill him by chopping him up into pieces

  • Isis found almost all the pieces and put him back together (making the missing part out of clay)

  • King of the afterlife

  • Usually shown as a bearded, mummified human with green skin and wearing the atef crown. His hands come out from the mummy wrappings and hold the flail and crook.

Isis archetype
IsisArchetype: _________________

  • Isis was the sister/wife of Osiris

  • Shown as a a woman wearing a vulture head-dress and the solar disk between a pair of horns

  • Isis suckles the pharohs

  • May be one of the judges of the dead

  • Has great magical powers

  • Created the cobra and uses the cobra bite to make Ra reveal to her his secret name

  • The purest example of the loving wife and mother

Set archetype
SetArchetype: _________________

  • God of evil, the desert, storms, and chaos

  • A devil figure

  • Antelopes are sacred to him

  • Hates Osiris (jealous)

  • Kills Osiris and becomes king before he is killed by Horus

  • Part pig and part donkey

Horus archetype
HorusArchetype: _________________

  • Falcon headed

  • The Pharaoh was supposed to be his earthly embodiment.

  • Son of Osiris (after his resurrection)

  • Set is always trying to hurt him

  • Stunted from his waist down

  • In art, he is often shown standing on crocodiles

  • His sons are born from Isis. Each take care of the organs during the mummification process

    • Duamutef (stomach)

    • Imsety (liver)

    • Hapi (lungs)

    • Qebehsenuef (intestines)

Ra re amen ra archetype
Ra / Re / Amen-RaArchetype: _________________

  • King of the Gods

  • Sun god

  • Falcon head with a sun on top.

  • Sometimes seen as the creator of men (Egyptians called themselves "the cattle of Ra”)

  • Since heaven and the underworld have water, Ra uses a boat (Madjet (“strong”) while rising and Semektet ("becoming weak") when setting. He often has help from other gods to successfully navigate his boat.

  • He constantly had to fight monsters (Sebau, Nak, and Apep)

  • The phoenix is one of his symbols

Aten archetype
AtenArchetype: _____________

  • The actual disk of the sun

  • His hands are the sun’s rays

  • May be the creator of men

Hapy archetype
HapyArchetype: ______________

  • God of the Nile floods

  • Keeps the land and river fertile

  • He has long hair, large breasts, and a protruding stomach (all symbols of fertility) and also a beard and is blue

  • In some areas, he was worshipped over Ra

Hathor archetype
HathorArchetype: _________________

  • Usually depicted as a cow or as a beautiful woman wearing a horned headdress

  • She is both wife/ daughter of Ra

  • Also married Horus

  • Suckled Horus when he was young and took care of him after Set blinded him

  • Her milk is food of the gods

  • She offers food and drink to the dead

  • Women aspire to be her

Bast archetype
BastArchetype: ____________

  • Cat-headed

  • Goddess of love, sex, and childbirth

  • Cats are sacred (many catswere mummified in her honor

Neith archetype
NeithArchetype: ____________

  • A mother goddess

  • Invented childbirth

  • Created gods, humans, and animals

  • Warrior goddess

  • Once she spit into the Nile and this spit turned into Apep, a serpent who lives in the underworld and tries to eat Ra each night

Sekhmet archetype
SekhmetArchetype: ___________

  • Lion headed

  • Wife of Ptah (an early creator god)

  • Breathes fire against her enemies

  • Delivers punishment to the gods

Bes archetype
BesArchetype: ____________

  • Popular, household god

  • Dwarf

  • Frightens evil spirits away

  • Hangs out with Taweret, a goddess of childbirth (she is scary looking)

  • Roman soldiers wore amulets with his likeness for protection