Mycotoxins : Gibberella zeae. John Carlo O. Macuja Jackielyn B. Ocbina III-BSCT. Gibberella zeae. Also known as Fusarium graminearum Kingdom: Fungi Phylum: Ascomycota Class: Sordariomycetes Subclass: Hypocreomycetidae Order:Hypocreales Family:Nectriaceae. Gibberella zeae.
John Carlo O. Macuja
Jackielyn B. Ocbina
In head blight of wheat, newly emerging wheat heads (the fruits, which contain the seeds, the part that we eat) are infected by forcibly discharged, airborne ascospores released by G. zeae.
Once a certain fungal mass is reached, fruiting structures penetrate though the wheat's stomates (the breathing apparatus on its leaves).
Response to vomitoxin appears to occur through the central nervous system.
Exposure to vomitoxin causes the brain to increase its uptake of the amino acid tryptophan and, in turn, its synthesis of serotonin.
Human foods: Vomitoxin is not a known carcinogen as with aflatoxin. Large amounts of grain with vomitoxin would have to be consumed to pose a health risk to humans.
The main concern is that zearalenone is a naturally occurring estrogen