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PLANNING 1B Spanish 8 th grade Senor Giraldo. INPUT. Read, listen to, and explain information about • Personality traits. Vocabulario y gramática en contexto. ¿El chico? Es mi amigo. ¿Cómo se llama? Se llama Marcos. ¿Cómo es? Pues. Vocabulario y gramática en contexto.

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slide2

INPUT

Read, listen to, and explain

information about

• Personality traits

slide3

Vocabulario y gramática en contexto

¿El chico? Es mi amigo. ¿Cómo

se llama?Se llama Marcos.

¿Cómo es?Pues . . .

slide4

Vocabulario y gramática en contexto

. . . éles deportista. Le gusta

mucho practicar deportes.

slide5

Vocabulario y gramática en contexto

Pero a veceses

impaciente . . .

slide6

Vocabulario y gramática en contexto

. . . también es unchico

desordenado.

slide7

Vocabulario y gramática en contexto

Mi amiga Sarita es una buena

amiga. Ellano es muydeportista . . .

slide8

Vocabulario y gramática en contexto

. . . pero es una chica artística . . .

slide10

Vocabulario y gramática en contexto

Es una chica muy

inteligente.

slide11

Vocabulario y gramática en contexto

Hola, me llamo Luz. ¿Yo?

¿Cómo soy?Pues . . .

slide12

Vocabulario y gramática en contexto

. . . soy estudiosa . . .

slide13

Vocabulario y gramática en contexto

. . . y trabajadora . . .

slide14

Vocabulario y gramática en contexto

. . . y también graciosa . . .

slide15

Vocabulario y gramática en contexto

. . . pero según mi familia

¡a veces soy perezosa!Y

tú, ¿cómo eres?

slide17

Amigos por Internet

1

Pedro: Esteban, escucha:

“Hola, ¿cómo eres? ¿Qué

te gusta hacer? Me gusta

mucho hablar con mis

amigos. Me llamo Chica

sociable.Escríbeme.”

Esteban: ¡Ja! Chica

sociable. A responder.

Escribe, Pedro. . . .

slide18

Amigos por Internet

2

Pedro: “Hola. Me llamo

Chico sociable. ¡Qué

coincidencia!”

slide19

Amigos por Internet

3

Pedro: “Me gusta pasar

tiempo con mis amigos. No

soymuy serio. Según mis

amigos, soy gracioso.”

slide20

Amigos por Internet

4

Claudia: ¡Chica sociable!

¡Ja!

Teresa: Yo soy Chica

sociable.

Claudia: ¡No! ¿Tú eres

Chica sociable? ¡¿Mi buena

amiga . . . ?!

slide21

Amigos por Internet

5

Teresa: “Soy muy

desordenada. Me gusta

hablar por teléfono. Y no me

gusta ir a la escuela.

Escríbeme. Chica sociable.”

slide22

Amigos por Internet

6

Claudia: Un momento . . .

uno más de mí. Escribe. . .

“Yo soy Chica misteriosa.

Soy amiga de Chica

sociable. Soy muy

simpática.”

slide23

Amigos por Internet

7

Claudia: “Y me gusta ir a la

escuela. Soy estudiosa y

trabajadora. Yo no soy tu

chica ideal. Chica

misteriosa.”

slide24

Amigos por Internet

8

Esteban: Pues, Pedro.

¿Chica sociable o Chica

misteriosa?

Pedro: Chica misteriosa.

Me gusta la escuela y a ella

le gusta la escuela también.

Esteban: Perfecto. A mí me

gusta más Chica sociable.

slide25

PRACTICE

• Talk about what people are like

• Ask people to talk about themselves and others

• Describe your own personality traits

slide26

Adjectives

Words that describe people and things are

called adjectives (adjetivos).

slide27

Adjectives

  • In Spanish, most adjectives have bothmasculine and feminine forms. Themasculine form usually ends in theletter -o and the feminine form usuallyends in the letter -a.
slide28

Adjectives

  • Masculine adjectives are used to describemasculine nouns.Marcos es ordenadoMarcos is organizedy simpático. and nice.
slide29

Adjectives

  • Feminine adjectives are used to describefeminine nouns.Marta es ordenadaMarta is organizedy simpática. and nice.
slide30

Adjectives

  • Adjectives that end in -e describe bothmasculine and feminine nouns.Anita es inteligente. Anita is smart.Pedro es inteligentePedro is also smart.también.
slide31

Adjectives

  • Adjectives whose masculine form ends in-dor have a feminine form that ends in -dora.Juan es trabajador. Juan is hardworking.Luz es trabajadora. Luz is hardworking.
slide32

Adjectives

  • Some adjectives that end in -a, such asdeportista, describe both masculine andfeminine nouns. You will need to learnwhich adjectives follow this pattern.Tomás es deportista. Tomás is sports-minded.Marta es deportistatambién. Marta is also sports-minded.
slide35

Definite and indefinite articles

El and la are called definite articles and are the

equivalent of “the” in English. El is used with

masculine nouns; la is used with feminine nouns.

You’ve already seen words with definite articles:

ellibro thebook lacarpeta thefolder

slide36

Definite and indefinite articles

Un and una are called indefinite articles and are the

equivalent of “a” and “an” in English. Un is used with

masculine nouns; una is used with feminine nouns:

unlibro abook unacarpeta afolder

slide38

The vowels o and u

In Spanish, the pronunciation of the letter o

is similar to the vowel sound in the English

word “boat” but is always cut very short.

Say these words, concentrating on making a

short o sound.

bolígrafo gracioso cómo

teléfono tampoco otoño

slide39

The vowels o and u

In Spanish, the pronunciation of the letter u

is similar to the vowel sound in the English

word “zoo.” Say these words.

mucho lunes usted

octubre estudioso según

slide40

The vowels o and u

¡Ojo!Careful! Sometimes the words we

mispronounce most are the ones that

remind us of English words.

Try it out! Pronounce these words,

concentrating on the Spanish vowel sounds:

agosto regular tropical música

gusto universidad Uruguay Cuba

slide43

Word order: Placement of adjectives

In Spanish, adjectives usually come after the noun

they describe. Notice how artística follows chica in

the Spanish sentence.

Margarita es una chica artística.Margarita is an artistic girl.

slide44

Word order: Placement of adjectives

Did you notice that in the English sentence the adjective

comes before the noun?

Here’s a simple pattern you can follow when writing a

sentence in Spanish.

slide45

Word order: Placement of adjectives

SubjectMargaritaPablo

La Sra. Ortiz

Verbeseses

Indefinite article + noununa chicaun estudiante

una profesora

Adjectivemuy artistica.inteligente.

muy buena.

slide46

Escribir

Como es el chico o la chica?

slide47

Writing Assignment HS only

  • Escribir
  • Describirtu y tufamilia
  • 3 miembros (papa, mama, hermanos, perro o gato)
  • Follow the model about yourself and change the verbs accordingly to describe your family
  • Me llamo…
  • Me gusta …
  • Me gusta mas…
  • No me gustani...
  • Yosoy…
  • Tambien soy…
  • No soy ni... ni…
  • Segunmis … soy…
slide48

ESCRIBIR Y HABLAR

Frida and Diego are opposites, follow the model to write 7 descriptions comparing them. Then turn and talk

Fridaesmuy sociable pero Diego es mas reservado

slide49

WORD PLACEMENT

PARTICIPACION

slide50

Participacion

Describirlasfotos.

Pedro Maria

slide51

HABLAR

Turn and talk

slide53

Participacion

Buscaunapalabra y sientate

SOPA DE LETRAS

slide54

HS credit only

Answer the following questions. Be sure to use the definite or indefinite article where appropriate.

¿Cómoerestú?

¿Cómo es tu profesor(a) de español?

¿Cómo es tu mejor amigo(a)?

¿Cómo es el presidente?

¿Cómo es el director/la directora (principal) de tu escuela?

¿Cuál es la fecha de hoy?

¿Cuál es la fecha del Día de la Independencia?

¿Cuál es tu estación favorita?

¿Quéhoraes?

slide56

Think about your own personality traits. Write four adjectives that describe what you are

like and four that describe what you are not like.

Now, write four things that you like to do and four things that you do not like to do.

Now, write your article using the information you have compiled about yourself. Make sure you use the words:

ni . . ni…

O, y

pues . . .

También

Segun

Nada

Muy

mucho

Me llamo…

Me gusta …

Me gusta mas…

No me gustani...

Yo soy… Mi mama es

Tambien soy…

No soy ni... ni…

Segunmis … soy…

slide59

Juego

Choose an adjective and act it out for a small group or the class. The other students take turns asking you questions. The first to ask a question with the correct adjective (in the correct form) gets to do the next charade.

Modelos

A —¿Eresordenada?

B —Sí, soy ordenada.

o: No, no soy ordenada.

slide60

APPLICATION

  • • Read and understand an article about personality traits
  • • Compare different views on what makes a good friend
  • • Talk about the Caribbean
  • • Write a letter to a pen pal and write about your family
  • • Explain cultural perspectives on friendship
slide62

A chain of islands extending from the Bahamas in the north to

Trinidad in the south, the Caribbean or West Indies is a region of

extraordinary cultural and linguistic diversity. The Spanish-speaking

countries are Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Dominican Republic, which

occupies the eastern portion of the island of Hispaniola.

slide63

Christopher Columbus first

landed on the island of

Hispaniola in 1492. He returned

the following year with 1,000

colonists and founded Isabela,

the first European colony in

America, on the northern coast

of Hispaniola.

slide64

to talk about what you and others are like

artístico, -aartistic

atrevido, -adaring

bueno, -a good

deportista sports-minded

desordenado, -amessy

estudioso, -astudious

gracioso, -afunny

impacienteimpatient

inteligenteintelligent

ordenado, -aneat

paciente patient

perezoso, -alazy

slide65

to talk about what you and others are like

reservado, -areserved, shy

serio, -aserious

simpático, -anice, friendly

sociablesociable

talentoso, -atalented

trabajador, -orahardworking

slide66

to say what you like to do

(A mí) me gusta .I like to ____.

(A mí) me gustaI like to ____ better.

más .(I prefer to .)

(A mí) me gustaI like to ____ a lot.

mucho .

A mí también.I do too.

slide67

to say what you don’t like to do

(A mí) no me gusta .I don’t like to .

(A mí) no me gustaI don’t like

nada .to at all.

A mí tampoco.I don’t (like to) either.

to ask others what they like to do

¿Qué te gusta hacer?What do you like to do?

¿Qué te gustaWhat do you like

más?(prefer) better?

¿Te gusta ?Do you like to ?

¿Y a ti?And you?

slide68

other useful words and expressions

ni . . . nineither . . . nor,

not . . . or

o or

pues . . .well . . .

síyes

tambiénalso, too

yand

slide69

ACTIVITIES FOR DESCRIPTIONS

Cut out pictures of people from magazines, glue them on a sheet of white paper. Save room at the bottom where you can write information such as their name, age, job, place of residence, and any other information you want to add. Give each student one of those sheets and have them talk about the differences and the similarities between them

write five names of real or fictional people on a piece of paper, such as FridaKahlo, Abraham Lincoln, Sally Ride, Donald Duck, Superman, or Goldilocks. Then write a sentence using an adjective to describe each person or character. You can play a game like guess who using the sentence.

slide70

GAME

Divide the class up into teams. Have one student on one team come up to the front of the class and give him/her a piece of paper with about 7 words on it centered around a theme. For example, you could have 7 words that start with M, or seven words that are parts of the body. In two minutes (let the other teams watch the clock for you), the student with the paper must try to get one of the students on his/her team to say as many of the words on the list without using the word itself. One point is scored for each word guessed

The challenge here with a class full of students who all speak the same language is keeping them from giving hints in their native tongue. Usually, the other teams are vigilant about policing this for you, but when they are lazy, you'll have to lay down the law on your own.

slide71

Blind Artist

For each pair ask which student is the artist. Blindfold this student. The other student receives a box of pens, pencils, or crayons and a picture.

The "seeing partner" must describe to the student how to draw.