Sumerian Similar -- Both time periods show women wearing their hair up in a high, rounded bun on top of their head. Contemporary top knot hair bun Chignon: pulling hair in a bun Theme: Enhancement of sexual attraction Description: Women today wear their hair up in a hair bun, often known as a sock bun or top knot. This is a popular hairstyle, which can be worn as a day or night look. It enhances ones physical attractiveness. Women today usually hold their buns in place using a rubber band. Theme: Gender Differences Description: The hair style of Sumerian women was to pull their hair up in a bun. This time period used a fillet, which was a headband, to hold the chignon in place. It was made out of leather. This was an everyday look.
Similar - Both garments have a fringe at the bottom and both fabrics create wavy lines throughout the skirt Sumerian Theme: Technology/ Cross-cultural influence Description: Early Sumerian men and women wore wrapped skirts, known as Kaunakes. They were first made of animal skins, but were later made out of a woven cloth that had fringe at the bottom to imitate tufts of wool on fleece. They had limited technology during this time period. It had to be held in place using a wide belt. Theme: Clothing as art/ technology Description: This is a fringe skirt by Balenciaga. This is worn by women. The skirt is not made for everyday use and is to be worn for special occasions. The layers of fringe add an artistic element to it. To produce this garment, advanced technology is needed. It was not made using animal skins and can be held up using a closure such as a zipper or button.
Sumerian Similar -- Both are used as outer wear and both are held together around the neck using some type of fastener. Theme: Geographic location/ gender differences/ technology Description: This cloak was worn by men and provided protection against weather. It was made from animal skins, leather, or heavy felted cloth. Technology and available textiles were limited during this time period. It was worn by men and they did not wear shoes with it. Theme: Geographic location/ Production of textiles and apparel Description: This cloak is worn for protection against the weather. It can also be worn to enhance the attractiveness of one’s outfit. It is worn by women and always with shoes. The advancement of textiles and apparel allows this cloak to be made out of polyester.
Babylonian Similar -- Both necklaces are worn tightly around the neck by women. Both are tall necklaces. Ringed “dog collar” necklace Contemporary “choker necklace” Theme: Gender differences Description: This necklace is worn by Babylonian women from 2500 to 2400 B.C. The picture does not show the color, but it consisted of multiple bands that went around the neck. It is uncertain how they fastened around the neck. Theme: Clothing as art/ enhancement of sexual attraction Description: Today, this necklace is worn to enhance a woman’s physical attractiveness. It’s worn with for special occasions. This necklace has two chains which fasten in the back to hold it together. The design on the front and gold color shows the clothing as art.
Assyrian Similar -- Both are fringed shawls. They both create vertical, horizontal and diagonal arrangements of fringes. Theme: Designation of status Description: Royalty wore floor length tunics under long, fringed shawls. The shawls created horizontal, vertical, and diagonal arrangement of fringes. Theme: Geographic location/ gender differences/ technology Description: This shawl is worn by women during cold weather. This is a knit, which was made using advanced technology. The shawl hits at the knees of the woman, unlike the Assyrian shawl which was much longer. The fringes on this shawl are longer, though.
Egyptian Similar Both have pleating on the entire dress, with vertical pleating in the front Theme: Clothing as art / technology Description: This is a looser fitting dress with a vertical pleating effect. It’s not sheer, revealing, or tight. This is an example of clothing as art, especially with the pleating design on the entire garment. Advanced technology allows machines to create pleating on fabric now. Theme: Enhancement of sexual attraction/ gender differences / technology Description: Women wore tight-fitting dresses. This design creates a diagonal line, which accentuates the woman’s curves in the front and back. The fabric is sheer and revealing.They put starch on wood to make a pleating effect. They did not have advanced technology- this was the only way to create pleating.
Minoan/ Mycenaean's Similar: Both skirts are made of tiers of ruffles and are colorful. Both are worn by girls. Theme: Designation of Age/ Gender differences Description: This is a baby girl/ toddler’s skirt made from a woven fabric. Different patterns were used throughout the layers of ruffles. This skirt is shorter unlike the floor length skirt worn by Minoans. Theme: Gender differences/ Clothing as art Description: This is a skirt made with tiers of ruffles. It’s also very colorful. It’s worn by women. The design elements and principles such as color and texture make this skirt art. This skirt is floor length too.
Greek Similar--- Both garments go over one shoulder and are short in length. Also, both have a belt that goes around the waist and have similar draping effects. Exomis Theme: Gender differences / Designation of Status Description: The Exomis is worn by the working man. It’s pinned at the shoulder to allow full freedom of one arm. It’s also worn with a belt around the actual waist. It’s short in length and made of a rougher, more durable texture. This allows the garment to be worn multiple times without wearing out, especially while working. Theme: Enhancement of sexual attraction / Clothing as art Description: This dress would be worn on a special occasion, not on a daily basis while working. Also, it’s worn by women, unlike the Exomis which is worn by men. The single strap, as well as the belt are artistic elements to make it more appealing.
Etruscan Similar: -- Both hats are rounded with a small brim. Both are warm colors consisting of red and orange. Theme: Gender differences Description: A tutuluswas a rounded hat with a small brim. It was worn by women with their hair up. It was worn as headwear. Etruscans did not expose their upper body like the Greeks. The type of fabric and weave/ knit is unknown. Red knitted brim hat Theme: Technology/ Geographic location Description: This knitted hat could be worn by men or women, young or old. The style they wear their hair with this hat differs. It’s worn to keep your head warm during colder weather. Advanced technologies in knitting could create this hat. Also, this hat could be hand knitted with a certain skill set.
Similar -- Both pieces of footwear are strappy sandals that tie in the front. The fabric used for the straps creates a design on the sides. Romans Theme: Clothing as Art / Technology Description: These are the contemporary version of the Roman sandals. They are known as gladiator sandals and are made by Alexander McQueen. These are made from leather, and show exquisite craftsmanship. The design is created using advanced technology and finer, more expensive textiles. While the Roman sandals were used for utility and were more durable, these are more of an art piece. Theme: Geographic location/ cross- cultural influences Description: Roman sandals were used to protect their feet. They were used in hotter climates that did not require extreme protection from cold weather. They were influenced from cultures prior to them, who also wore sandals.