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Environmental sustainability in the food chain: last developments in France and European perspectives. Florence Scarsi French Ministry for Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy Food SCP Round Table’s plenary meeting November 20, 2013. Presentation outline.

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slide1
Environmental sustainability in the food chain:last developments in France and European perspectives

Florence Scarsi

French Ministry for Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy

Food SCP Round Table’s plenary meeting

November 20, 2013

presentation outline
Presentation outline
  • The French scheme « affichage environnemental »: quick recap
  • Technical developments (methodologies and data) in the food sector
  • Learning from the French experimentation led in 2011-2012 and perspectives
  • French project and European perspectives
i the french scheme quick recap 1 2
I) The French scheme: quick recap (1/2)
  • Consumers ask the display of environmental information on products
  • Need to preserve ecosystems
  • Many initiatives leading to confusion

=> A harmonized scheme to acton demand and supply

Main principles:

    • Life cycle approach
    • Multicriteria approach (C footprint + other significant impacts of the product)
i the french scheme quick recap 2 2
I) The French scheme: quick recap (2/2)
  • Legislative basis: 2 “Grenelle” laws: set targets and ensure implementation
  • A multi-stakeholders’ platform: methodological expertise and guides, normalization, cost-sharing
  • A public generic database available on-line
  • National experimentation: feasibility, coordination of business, learning  
  • Sharing methodological developments at the European level... and beyond: convergence, harmonization
ii technical developments 1 3 the french food and pet food repository
II) Technical developments (1/3):the French food and pet food repository
  • Adopted in April, 2012
  • Functional unit: per 100 mg or ml, or portion
  • 3 main issues and related indicators:
  • Consensus-based adopted rules, conventions
  • Sub-sectorial developments: PCRs adopted for dairy products and coffee + on-going work for others sub-sectors (e.g. vegetal oils)

Climate

GHG emissons

Water

Water use EutrophicationEco-toxicity

Biodiversity

?

ii technical developments 2 3 food data
II) Technical developments (2/3):food data
  • On French agricultural productions, AGRIBALYSE:
  • 137 LCI (ILCD format) available since October, 2013:

http://www2.ademe.fr/servlet/KBaseShow?sort=-1&cid=96&m=3&catid=25508

  • 3 years program led by ADEME, INRA, ART and French agricultural technical institutes
  • On food processing: new project ACYVIA (2013-15) led by ADEME, Quantis, ART and French technical institutes (French scope)
  • Participation of ADEME to WFLDB (World Food Life Cycle DataBase) with Quantis, ART and companies
  • Technical scope: agriculture & food processing
  • International scope: complementary to AGRIBALYSE and ACYVIA

=> need more LCI/LCA at EU and international levels

ii technical developments 3 3 proposed indicators
II) Technical developments(3/3):proposed indicators
  • Climate change
  • Water (quantity, quality)
  • Biodiversity

Biodiversity, an indicator based on landscape features:

  • Strong link between biodiversity and farming
  • Already used in existing agricultural policies (e.g. CAP)
  • Access to the data
  • Fair approximation of biodiversity, including loss or impacts but also positive contribution to biodiversity
  • ADEME-AFNOR platform

= (will be) in line with PEF

  • Carbon (de)-sequestration ?

Specific study

iii learning from the experiment 2 3
III) Learning from the experiment (2/3)
  • Interest for the scheme is confirmed:
    • Success, Feasibility:90% of participants went to the end of the experiment, 75% want to continue
    • Call for display of environmental information by consumers
    • Source of environmental performance, competitivity, innovation, dialogue
    • Capacity building and boosting expertise
  • Need to keep working:
    • LCA : standardized, quantified, multiple issues
    • Multi-criteria
    • European scale
iii learning from the experiment 3 3
III) Learning from the experiment (3/3)
  • Generalization is possible under conditions:
    • Technical support (harmonized methodologies, free database, calculation tools)
    • Cost control (database)
    • Reliability of information given (methodologies, controls and certification scheme)
    • Harmonization of formats
    • Training, education and information on the scheme
  • a progressive approach, voluntary as a first step, to be discussed with stakeholders (several options)

New ! Government report sent to the French Parliament: http://www.developpement-durable.gouv.fr/spip.php? page=article&id_article=35652

perspectives on european commission pef
Perspectives on European Commission PEF
  • France very much welcome of Product Environmental Footprint guide (PEF) and Single Market for Green Products package
  • Welcome too of ENVIFOOD Protocol and Food SCP Round Table initiative
  • BPX (and PCRs in France): an operational document for specific objectives...
  • …coherent with PEF and ENVIFOOD P.
  • current revision process of BPX 30-323 seeks to promote further alignment to PEF
  • policy: will seek to articulate with EU calendar and developments whenever possible and relevant
slide12

Please visit us:

English page:

http://www.developpement-durable.gouv.fr/Product-Environmental-Footprint.html

AFNOR and platform ADEME-AFNOR websites (BPX-30-323, PCR):

http://www.afnor.org/http://affichage-environnemental.afnor.org/referentiels-sectoriels-pcr/liste-des-referentiels-sectoriels