Prof. M. M. Ninan Marthoma Church of San Francisco Bay Area - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Prof. M. M. Ninan Marthoma Church of San Francisco Bay Area

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  1. Prof. M. M. NinanMarthoma Church of San Francisco Bay Area

  2. Introduction to Prof. M. M. NinanMarthoma Church of San Francisco Bay Area

  3. The sacraments are outward and visible signs of inward and spiritual grace, given by Christ as a means by which we receive that grace.

  4. 3. Holy Communion

  5. The Institution of Quorbana (1Co 11:24) and when he had given thanks, he broke it, and said, "This is my body which is for you. Do this in remembrance of me." (1Co 11:25) In the same way also the cup, after supper, saying, "This cup is the new covenant in my blood. Do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of me."

  6. "Recall then that you have received the spiritual seal, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of right judgment and courage, the spirit of knowledge and reverence, the spirit of holy fear in God's presence. Guard what you have received. God the Father has marked you with his sign; Christ the Lord has confirmed you and has placed his pledge, the Spirit, in your hearts." (St. Ambrose) Baptism,ConfirmationandHoly Communion, together constitute the "sacraments of Christian initiation,"

  7. Sacraments of Initiation

  8. Sacraments of Initiation Baptism, Confirmation and Communion are the foundation of Christian Churchand the Christian Life They are all closely related.

  9. Baptism Baptism’s primary effect is the beginning of our new life in Christ discipleship

  10. Confirmation Confirmation’s primary effect is to strengthen us to live more fully Christ’s call to serve. Believe in your heart and confess with your mouth

  11. Communion The primary effect of the Communion is to nourish us to live as Christ’s disciples in our journey through this life. Fellowship

  12. Passover Communion Betrothal New Covenant Qorban Body of Christ Memorial Multifaceted integrated sacrament

  13. "liturgy" (Acts 13:2, leitourgountes) “Breaking Bread”(fractio panis)ס†לֶחֶם U פָּ(paras lechem,) • "Sacrifice" (prosphora, oblatio), • "the gathering together" (synaxis, congregatio), • the Mysteries Communion “Fellowship” (koinania) Mass (Missa)from "dismissal" (dimissio) Mass of Catechumens and the believers Quorbana "The Lord's Supper" (coena dominica), "Love Feast" (agape) "the Sacrament of the Altar".

  14. Being part of the body of Christ 1

  15. Communion of saints

  16. Agape Feast Communion was part of the (Jude 12) In the 3rd century Christian work The Apostolic Constitutions, a complete halachah is set forth for the church on exactly how the Agape was to be conducted

  17. Members of the Rutba House in Durham, N.C., Act 20:7-11 Havdalah (the conclusion of Shabbat), And all that believed were together, and had all things common; And sold their possessions and goods, and parted them to all men, as every man had need. And they, continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, did eat their meat with gladness and singleness of heart, Praising God, and having favor with all the people. And the Lord added to the church daily such as should be saved.—Acts 2:41-47

  18. Initially Apostles served at the table. Later it was given over to ordained elders. deacons served at the tables Acts 6:2-6

  19. serve as an effective model for Christian fellowship. The Acts model 1st Century CE:Early Christians, possibly inspired by the Essenes, lived together in communes, according to Acts 2: 4-5.

  20. History contains a long list of failed experiments based on the acts model All of them were inspired by the early christian communes. failed experiments foretaste of the Kingdom of God

  21. San Francisco Christian Communes Chicago Evanston and Chicago, Illinois Plow Creek Mennonite Church and Fellowship is an intentional Christian community in rural Tiskilwa, Illinois. Christian community in Lexington, KY Hutterites are a communal people, living on scattered bruderhöfe or colonies throughout the prairies in North America. Intentional Community The Open Door Community 910 Ponce de Leon Ave. NE Atlanta, Georgia 

  22. Shiloh Community (Sulphur Springs, Arkansas, United States) The Othona Community (Essex, England, United Kingdom) Treasures in a Field Christian Community (Idaho, Washington area, United States)  Forming The Mustard Seed House (Seattle, Washington, United States) Agape Community (Liberty, Tennessee, United States) St. John's Order (South San Francisco, California, United States) The Mystic Oak (slaton, Texas, United States) Angel's Watch (Vanceburg, Kentucky, United States)  Forming Christian Fellowship International Community (Red Rock, Ontario, Canada)  Re-Forming Monastic Community of St. John Maximovitch & the Holy Theotokos (Deming, New Mexico, United States)  Re-Forming Hesbjerg (DK-5491 Blommenslyst, Denmark) Ekklesia House (Victoria, British Columbia, Canada) Beneficio (Orgiva, Spain) Shepherdsfield (Fulton, Missouri, United States) MillStreetHouse (Massachusetts, United States) Pathfinder Fellowship (London W8 7NQ, England, United Kingdom) Sunnyside Farm (Mokane, Missouri, United States) Corvallis Conservation Farm (Corvallis, Montana, United States) Hyaets: The Arbor (Charlotte, North Carolina, United States) Alpha Omega Christian Communities For The Chemically Injured (Texas, United States)  Forming Christian mennonite type community (Liberty, Kentucky, United States)  Forming Ex-Truth / Ex-Namenlose (Switzerland)  Forming Father Divine's Peace Mission Movement (Gladwyne, Pennsylvania, United States) Narrow Way Christian Community (Chapin, Illinois, United States)  Forming Servants of Jesus Community (Seven Hills, New South Wales, Australia) Jan Hus Church and Neighborhood House (New York, New York, United States) Casa Tejas (Bellingham, Washington, United States)  Forming CAREN GARDENS (NAIROBI, NAIROBI, Kenya) (nairobi, nairobi, Kenya)  Forming River Fork Group (Will find location, later...probably KY)  Forming Varsity House (Corvallis, Oregon, United States) Hillside Christian Believers (Albany, Wisconsin, United States)  Forming Jubilee Partners (Comer, Georgia, United States) Sovereign Christian Patriot MissionRe-Forming Bread and Roses - Base community (D-22177 Hamburg, Germany) Christian Natural Spring Farm (Ohio, United States) Kadesh-biyqah (S-671 23 Arvika, Sweden) Jesus People, (USA Evangelical), Covenant Church (Chicago, Illinois, United States) Tierra Sagrada Del Sol (La Ribera Baja California, Mexico)  Forming East Lake Commons CoHousing (Decatur, Georgia, United States) Hillside Covenant Community (Ft. Wayne, Indiana, United States) The Common Place (London, Ontario, Canada) Everything Jesus Ranch (Seguin, Texas, United States) New Creation Christian Community (Northampton, England, United Kingdom) (Coventry & Warwickshire, England, United Kingdom) (Birmingham, England, United Kingdom) (Leicester, England, United Kingdom) (London, England, United Kingdom) (Sheffield, England, United Kingdom) (Belfast, N. Ireland, United Kingdom) (Brighton & Hove, England, United Kingdom) (Bristol, England, United Kingdom) (Leeds, England, United Kingdom) (Liverpool, England, United Kingdom) (Milton Keynes, England, United Kingdom) (Oxford, England, United Kingdom) (Preston, England, United Kingdom) (Swansea, England, United Kingdom) Christian Communes Intentional Community Over 200 communes listed in America alone.

  23. The Kingdom of God Utopia Man's eternal hope for ideal society

  24. “Eager souls, mystics and revolutionaries, may propose to refashion the world in accordance with their dreams; but evil remains, and so long as it lurks in the secret places of the heart, utopia is only the shadow of a dream”Nathaniel Hawthorne

  25. Christian Commune Chabura When Communes failed They were called the “People of the Way”; “the Way of God” (Act 18:26), “the Way.” (Act 19:9), or the “Nazarene sect.” (Act 24:5). They were disciples or Apostles of Jesus the Nazarene. Chabura is a fraternity or "guild"— Began to meet once a week Weekly Dinners

  26. The Table was the center of Chabura

  27. Chabura Corinthians 11:20-34. “Therefore when you come together in one place, it is not to eat the Lord’s Supper. For in eating, each one takes his own supper ahead of others; and one is hungry and another is drunk.” Later when Chabura wasalso misusedit was reduced to symbolic dinner. Communion

  28. Chabura Kingdom It thus reminds us of our present sinful nature And We look forward to the final fulfillment of the Kingdom of Godin Christ Communion

  29. 2 You are a full fledged member of the Church of Christ.

  30. "For just as the body is one and has many members, and all the members of the body, though many, are one body, so it is with Christ. For in one Spirit we were all baptized into one body-Jews or Greeks, slaves or free-and all were made to drink of one Spirit" (First Corinthians 12.12, 13).

  31. Core faith 1 Jn 4:3 Catholic Church = Universal Church

  32. Dancing with the saints Past and Present Universality includes all times

  33. One body of Christ

  34. 3 Qurbono Qadisho קרבן 7133. qorban (kor-bawn') Or qurban {koor-bawn'}; from qarab; something brought near the altar, i.e. A sacrificial present – oblation, that is offered, offering.

  35. A Korban was usually an animal sacrifice, such as a sheep or a bull that underwent shechita (Jewish ritual slaughter), and was often cooked and eaten by the offerer, with parts given to the Kohanim and parts burned on the Temple mizbe'ah (altar).

  36. Korbanot could also consist of doves, grain, wine, or incense. Leviticus Priestly(P) Tradition If, when

  37. The concept behind sacrifice Since the band of death cannot be shaken, life must be substitued with life as precious to you as yourself.

  38. Animals are sacred in all nomadic and agricultural communities and are never slaughtered. They are slaughtered only as offerings to the gods and ancestors in healing, initiation, and atonement ceremonies.

  39. Communal meal They are merely consecrated offerings, made sacred for communal meals by the intiate, to share with their gods, ancestors, and the poor. These communities eat meat only on these occasions.

  40. Sacrifices ended with the Destruction of the Second Temple Or Was it the third? AD 70

  41. Prophetic Tradition Thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel: Add your burnt offerings to your sacrifices and eat flesh. For I did not speak to your fathers, or command them in the day that I brought them out of the land of Egypt, concerning burnt offerings and sacrifices. But this is what I commanded them saying, “Obey My voice and I will be your God and you will walk in all the way which I command you, that it may be well with you.” .. (Jer. 7:21–25) Yahwist (J) Tradition

  42. "O Israel, return unto the Lord your God; for you have fallen by your iniquity. Take with you words, and return unto the Lord: say unto him, Take away all iniquity, and accept us graciously: so will we render as bullocks the offerings of our lips" (Hosea 14:1-2).

  43. Prophets "Rend your heart, and not your garments, and turn unto the Lord your God: for he is gracious and full of compassion, slow to anger and plenteous in mercy, and repenteth him of the evil" (Joel 2:13). What are your multiplied sacrifices to me? . . . I take no pleasure in the blood of bulls, lambs or goats. . . . I hate your new moon and your appointed feasts. . . . Cease to do evil. (Isa. 1:11, 14, 16–17)

  44. With what shall I approach the Lord, • Do homage to God on high? • Shall I approach Him with burnt offerings, With calves a year old? • Would the Lord be pleased with thousands of rams, • With myriads of streams of oil? • Shall I give my firstborn for my transgression, • The fruit of my body for my sins? • God has tole you, Oh Man what is goodand what does the Lord require of you? • Only to do justice • And to love goodness, • And to walk humbly with your God(Micah 6:6-8). Psalms 51:16-21; Hosea 6:6, 14:3 and Jeremiah 29:4-14.

  45. Once for All " . . . by one sacrifice he has made perfect forever those who are being made holy." (Hebrews 10:14)

  46. The concept behind sacrifice The Quorban our lives