In the Name of God. . A term originated for first time by Jacque Derrida . A particular kind of practice in reading A strategic device rather than methodology, school and theory of criticism.
.A particular kind of practice in reading
A strategic device rather than methodology, school and theory of criticism.
A deconstructive reading is a reading is which analyzes the specificity of a text’s critical difference from itself , NOT a random doubt or arbitrary subversion .
Derrida did not propose deconstruction as a mode of literary criticism, but as a way of reading all kinds of texts so as to reveal and subvert the tacit metaphysical presuppositions of western thought.
Derrida coins the phrase metaphysics of presence to encompass those ideas such as logocenterism, phonocenterism , the operation of binary opposition & other notions that western thought posits in its conceptions of language and total metaphysics.
“Long live the king” (Hamlet, act 1,scene 1) : here king is logo, people make a logo of a king actually they are centering him and on the other hand decentering subjects and other entities. So when someone becomes superior; therefore , others become inferior and here starts the problems.
“indeed on my sword, indeed” (scene 5) again here we notice Hamlet makes a logo of the sword because of his uncertainty and deep doubt about his situation.
Aporia is a deadlock of a relationship , decision , interpretation, which reaches after having exchange the logical reasoning and justificatin, but all in vain…..
Herbert Weir Smyth’s Greek Grammer:
“an artifice by which a speaker feigns doubts as to where he shall being or end, or what he shall do or say.”
“so art thou to revenge when thou salt hear”
“I’m thy father’s spirit”
“Revenge till all the crime are purged away”
“Revenge if thy dear father love”….
suggestion: hamlet could reveal his father’s identity through tricky acts,as he is smart in nature and in this way no more acts of murder would have happened.
“With a sudden vigour it doth possent and cured like eager droppings into milk,the thin and wholesome blood and most instant tetterbark’d about most lazer-like,with vile loathomecrust,all my smooth body cut off even in the blossoms of my sin”…
Suggestion:Cloudious should have changed his point of view toward life and concluded that being king is not the only way to progress….
suggestion: Nobody is allowed to ignore all the constructive values of
Others. But we see in some cases instead of positive use of humane forces, They malign them which detriment their ingenuity. The purpose is the right exploitation of people’s .capacity neither demolishing nor too much praising
the idea of breaking the natural attachment which puts into question the concept of naturalness.Hamlet: from that particular fault. The dram of evil. Doth all the noble substance of a doubt to his own scandal.Justification: hamlet is against those who labeled his countries people as alcoholics and suspect their reputation and honorable name.
Messianic is one of the elements of metaphysics of presence which may survive under the shelter of both theocentrism & anthropocentrism , indeed, any politico-religious or philosophic promise which enjoys the authorized legitimacy may be considered messinic.
“ MARCELLUS: Thou art a scholar, speak to it Horatio.
BARNARDO: Looks a not like the king? Mark it Horatio.
HORATIO: Most like. It harrows me with fear and wonder.
BARNARDO: It would be spoke to.
MARCELLUS: Question it Horatio.”
. 1: It’s believed ,in Christianity, ghosts of the dead can return to the world whenever they are offended by mundane issues.
2: Giving Horatio a merit ,as a scholar because of his knowledge in Latin .
Specification of a particular language or a language system, in any religion, is a key strong device to take control over the common people.
Bernardo should not have supposed Horatio as a medium between the ghost and him whether Horatio was gifted.
Bernardo and those deceived by politico-religious logos, who think there must be another entity, mostly gifted one, to link them to a supernatural power, should have known they can be gifted themselves without any medium.
يَأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا أَنفِقُوا مِمَّا رَزَقْنَكُم مِّن قَبْلِ أ
َن يَأْتي يَوْمٌ لا بَيْعٌ فِيهِ وَ لا خُلَّةٌ وَ لا شفَعَةٌ وَ
الْكَفِرُونَ هُمُ الظلِمُونَ
“ HORATIO :A mote it is to trouble the mind's eye. In the most high and palmy state of Rome, a little ere the mightiest Julius fell, the graves stood tenantless and the sheeted dead Iig did squeak and gibber in the Roman streets; as stars with trains of fire, and dews of blood, disasters in the sun ; and the moist star, upon whose influence Neptune's empire stands, was sick almost to doomsday with eclipse. And even the like precurse of feared events, as harbingers preceding still the fates And prologue to the omen coming on, have heaven and earth together demonstrated Unto our climatures and countrymen.” (Hamlet, Act I, Scene I)
لَهُ مُعَقِّباتٌ مِنْ بَيْنِ يَدَيْهِ وَ مِنْ خَلْفِهِ يَحْفَظُونَه
ِنْ أَمْرِ اللَّهِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لا يُغَيِّرُ ما بِقَوْمٍ حَتَّى يُغَيِّرُوا
ما بِأَنْفُسِهِمْ وَ إِذا أَرادَ اللَّهُ بِقَوْمٍ سُوْءاً
MaryamAhmadi, NasrinEskini, MitraBoroomand and SomayeTofighee