conflict power and multiple land use analysis of old oyo national park n.
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CONFLICT, POWER AND MULTIPLE LAND USE ANALYSIS OF OLD OYO NATIONAL PARK. Oladapo Olukoya Oduntan Ph.d Department of Forestry and Wildlife Management College of Environmental Resources Management Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta Nigeria. Introduction.

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CONFLICT, POWER AND MULTIPLE LAND USE ANALYSIS OF OLD OYO NATIONAL PARK


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conflict power and multiple land use analysis of old oyo national park

CONFLICT, POWER AND MULTIPLE LAND USE ANALYSIS OF OLD OYO NATIONAL PARK

OladapoOlukoyaOduntanPh.d

Department of Forestry and Wildlife Management

College of Environmental Resources Management

Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta

Nigeria

introduction

Introduction

National parks serve as cornerstone of conservation policies and provide multiple benefits for humankind

Environmental

Social

Economic

etc

(Balmford & Whitten 2003; Stoltonet al. 2006, Stolton et al. 2008).

slide3
Competing claims”: a variety of perspectives bringing about ConflictsPower: a variety of meanings can also identified
the problems
The Problems
  • Whilst these areas provide important multiple benefit at global, national and local levels; there is increasing concern about the conflict often involving National Park Resources and their neighboring Communities.
picturing the conflict
Picturing the Conflict
  • Over-exploitation of Park’s resources by neighboring communities.
  • Crop damages and other damages caused by Wildlife in neighboring communities.
  • Feelings that costs are mostly incurred by the local people

- Positively and Negatively

more people
More people…

mid range projections as carried out by the UN population division

objectives
Objectives
  • To evaluate the multiple benefits characteristics of Old Oyo National Park to its Neighboring communities.
  • To analyse conflict involved in the claims on resources by the various stakeholder.
  • To analyse the powers of the stakeholders and the effect on resources management
methodology
Methodology
  • Study Area

Map of Old Oyo National Park indicating Surrounding Communities

survey methods
SURVEY METHODS
  • 2 Communities sampled out of 5
  • - based on conflict prevalence in the study areas
  • - distribution and abundance of Wild animals
evaluation of multiple benefits derived from the park by villagers
Evaluation of Multiple Benefits Derived from the Park by Villagers
  • Benefits Interpretation
  • – Firewood collection
  • - Food
  • - Medicinal value
  • - Recreation
  • - Timber
  • - Bushmeat
  • - Water
  • Grades Interpretation
  • 6 – Indispensable
  • 5 – Very Important
  • 4 – Important
  • 3 – More Significant
  • 2 – Significant
  • 1 - Insignificant
stakeholders and their power analysis
Stakeholders and their Power Analysis

Wild animals

Old Oyo National Park Buffer zones

CO / NGOs

Villagers

Local Council Officials

Park Officials

Stakeholder

Stakeholder’s Power

Park Resources

conclusion
Conclusion
  • Land is the dominant benefit of the people in the study area
  • Conflicting interest Park management and Local government council impedes strong policies that will protect wildlife in the study area.
  • Powers / interest of the Local government councils opposes that of the Park guards / managers
consideration possible solution
Consideration Possible Solution
  • Relocation??? - A lesson from the “De hogeveluwe”
  • Compensation???
  • Sustained Reconciliation of Interest
acknowledgement
Acknowledgement
  • AbogohOluwaseun – Graduate student
  • Adebowale Kareem – Graduate Student
  • Cora van Oosten – CDI, Netherlands
  • NicoRozemeijer – CDI, Netherlands
questions
Questions

Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta