THE UNITED STATES IN WORLD WAR II. AMERICA TURNS THE TIDE. United States: 1941 – Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor 1942 – Japanese Americans are sent to relocation centers 1945 – US Marines take Iwo Jima. World: 1941 – Hitler invades the Soviet Union
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AMERICA TURNS THE TIDE
1941 – Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor
1942 – Japanese Americans are sent to relocation centers
1945 – US Marines take Iwo Jima
1941 – Hitler invades the Soviet Union
1942- Nazi’s develop the “final solution” for exterminating Jews
1945 – Japan surrenders after atomic bombing of Nagasaki and HiroshimaTimeline: What’s Happening?
Main Idea: Following the attack on Pearl Harbor, the United States mobilized for war.
Why it Matters Now: Military industries in the United States today are a major part of the American economy.
Women’s Auxiliary Army Corp (WAAC)
A. Philip Randolph
Office of Price Administration (OPA)
War Production Board (WPB)
Despite discrimination at home, minority populations contributed to the war effort
These “Golden 13” Great Lakes officers scored the highest marks ever on the Officers exam in 1944
Main Idea: Allied forces, led by the United States and Great Britain, battle Axis powers for control of Europe and North Africa.
Why it Matters Now: During World War II, the United States assumed a leading role in world affairs that continues today.
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Battle of the Bulge
Harry S. Truman
The power of the German submarines was great, and in two months' time almost two million tons of Allied ships were resting on the ocean floor. Efforts were soon made to restrict German subs' activities.
U-426 sinks after attack from the air, January 1944. Almost two-thirds of all U-boat sailors died during the Battle of the Atlantic.
Battle of Stalingrad was a huge Allied victory
Wounded in the Battle of Stalingrad
American tanks roll in the deserts of Africa and defeat German and Axis forces
FDR and Churchill in Casablanca
On May 31, 1943, the 99th Squadron, the first group of African-American pilots trained at the Tuskegee Institute, arrived in North Africa
Allies sent fake coded messages indicating they would attack here
D-Day was an amphibious landing – soldiers going from sea to land
General George Patton (right) was instrumental in Allies freeing France
The Battle of the Bulge was Germany’s last gasp
Main Idea: In order to defeat Japan and end the war in the Pacific, the United States unleashed a terrible new weapon, the atomic bomb.
Why it Matters Now: Countries of the modern world struggle to find ways to prevent the use of nuclear weapons.
Battle of Midway
J. Robert Oppenheimer
The Battle of Midway was a turning point in the war – soon the Allies were island hopping toward Japan
American soldiers plant the flag on the Island of Iwo Jima after their victory
In the Battle for the Philippines, 424 Kamikaze pilots sank 16 ships and damaged 80 more
The loss of life at Iwo Jima and Okinawa convinced Allied leaders that an invasion of Japan was not the best idea
The plane and crew that dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan
At the White House, President Harry Truman announces the Japanese surrender, August 14, 1945
(L to R) Churchill, FDR and Stalin at Yalta
Herman Goering, Hitler's right-hand man and chief architect of the German war effort, testifies at his trial. He was found guilty of war crimes but avoided execution by swallowing potassium cyanide.
Main Idea: After World War II, Americans adjusted to new economic opportunities and harsh social tensions.
Why it Matters Now: Economic opportunities afforded by World War II led to a more diverse middle class in the United States.
GI Bill of Rights
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
Japanese American Citizens League (JACL)
Japanese Americans felt the sting of discrimination during WWII
Today the U.S. is home to more than 1,000,000 Japanese-Americans
Nearly 59 years after the end of World War II, the National World War II Memorial was dedicated in Washington, D.C., on Saturday, May 29, 2004 to honor the 408,680 Americans who died in the conflict