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Lead Exposure and Toxicity in Children. By Theresa Baker Walden University Student Project July 7, 2009. What is Lead?. Abundant Heavy Metal Highly Toxic Used in a variety of components including Refineries Paint Ceramics Pipes Solders Gasoline Batteries Cosmetics.

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lead exposure and toxicity in children

Lead Exposure and Toxicity in Children

By Theresa Baker

Walden University Student Project

July 7, 2009

what is lead
What is Lead?
  • Abundant Heavy Metal
  • Highly Toxic
  • Used in a variety of components including
    • Refineries
    • Paint
    • Ceramics
    • Pipes
    • Solders
    • Gasoline
    • Batteries
    • Cosmetics
lead poisoning affects 890 000 us children age 1 5

Lead poisoning affects890,000 US children Age 1-5

http:// kids.niehs.nih.gov/lead.htm

why is lead dangerous to children
Why is Lead Dangerous to Children?
  • Babies and young children often put their hands and other objects in their mouths
  • Babies crawl on contaminated floors
  • Growing bodies absorb more lead
  • Child brains and nervous systems are more sensitive to the damaging effects of lead
signs and symptoms
Signs and Symptoms
  • Headaches
  • Muscle and joint weakness or pain
  • Excessive tiredness
  • Irritability
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Decreased appetite
  • Metallic taste in the mouth
  • Abdominal pain, nausea or vomiting
  • Constipation
  • http://kids.niehs.nih.gov/lead.htm
effects of long term exposure
Effects of Long Term Exposure
  • Nervous system damage and Stroke
  • Learning disabilities, attention deficit disorder, and decreased intelligence
  • Speech, language, and behavior problems
  • Mental Retardation
  • Poor muscle coordination
  • Decreased muscle and bone growth
  • Hearing damage
  • Kidney and Heart Disease

http://www.epa.gov/oppt/lead/pubs/leadrev.pdf

exposure to high levels of lead
Exposure to High Levels of Lead
  • seizures
  • unconsciousness
  • death
the effects of lead can be permanent and irreversible

The Effects of Lead can be Permanent and Irreversible

http://www.oregon.gov/DHS/ph/lead/prevent_child.shtml

how do i prevent lead exposure
How Do I Prevent Lead Exposure?
  • Contact the National Lead Information Center
    • Email to: [email protected]
    • http://www.epa.gov/oppt/lead/pubs/nlic.htm
    • 800-424-LEAD (5323) (Voice - Toll-free)
  • Test home for lead using professionals
    • Risk Assessment test
    • Visual test
    • Portable fluoresce X-ray
    • Lab tests of paint and water samples
    • Surface dust tests
  • Let the professionals remove the lead source
slide28
PREVENTION

IS THE

KEY

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