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Using Mashups and Multimedia to Provide Online User Independence for all Learning Styles. Lori Mestre lmestre@illinois.edu. LOEX 39 th National Conference May 2011. Overview of Presentation . Learning Styles. Have You Taken a Learning S tyle Quiz in the Past Y ear?.

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lori mestre lmestre@illinois edu

Using Mashups and Multimedia to Provide Online User Independence

  • for all Learning Styles

Lori Mestre lmestre@illinois.edu

LOEX 39th National Conference May 2011

what s your learning preference
What’s Your Learning Preference?
  • Visual
  • Auditory
  • Read/Write
  • Kinesthetic
learning styles using vark assessment
Learning Styles Using Vark Assessment

Hispanics and Asian Americans

cultural differences can influence learning
Cultural Differences Can Influence Learning
  • Different Dimensions of Learning
  • Instructional Practices
  • Information Processing
  • Social Interaction Tendencies
  • Influence of Personality
what s your process for putting together puzzles
What’s your Process for Putting Together Puzzles?
  • Do all the boarders first?
  • Look for groupings, concepts, colors?

Acadia Institute for Teaching and Technology

Visual Learner Auditory Learner

  • Verbal Learner

What Primary Learning Objects Do You Use?

  • Video Tutorials
  • Games
  • Podcasts
  • Images
  • Scenarios
  • All of the Above
discussion of learning objects mash ups
Discussion of Learning Objects/Mash Ups







other mash ups
Other Mash-Ups

Using Library Data- UIUC Library

Google Maps- Location (Temple Univ)

enter question text1

Do you Plan your ObjectsSo That a User Can

Pick and Choose What To Do Next?

Enter question text...
  • Yes
  • No
  • It Varies
do you plan your objects so that a user can pick and choose what to do next from a previous study
Do you plan your objects so that a user can pick and choose what to do next?(From a previous study)
student involvement
Student Involvement
  • Took Two Learning Style Inventories
    • Index of Learning Style Inventory
      • http://www.engr.ncsu.edu/learningstyles/ilsweb.html (NC State)
    • Vark Questionnaire (How Do I Learn Best)
      • http://www.vark-learn.com/english/page.asp?p=questionnaire
  • Went through two to three tutorials
      • a web page static tutorial to learn how to get to and use ERIC
      • a Camtasia tutorial to learn how to get to and find a database through Online Research Resources
      • an interactive tutorials
student results ability to recreate steps
Student Results- Ability to Recreate Steps
  • “good to show us how to do something”


  • “good to explain a concept”
static tutorial results
Static Tutorial Results
  • Scrolled up and down the page to see all the sections and what was required
  • Viewed images (rarely read the text)
  • Opened a new window to practice while they viewed the web page
  • Went back to web page for information
  • Most successful in finding information after this.
camtasia version
Camtasia Version

UIUC Tutorials http://www.library.illinois.edu/diglit/tutorial/index.html

camtasia results
Camtasia Results
  • Watched without practicing
  • Couldn’t recreate process
  • Didn’t attempt to go back for assistance
  • Only two students were successful in the post test (graduate Asian students)
recommended features
Recommended Features
  • Pop-ups to highlight important information
  • Sections (chapter markings)
  • Questions to engage the mind
  • Interactivity, have students do something
  • Prefer the static web page to a video tutorial- more efficient– include other multimedia as options within the web page.
results student usability study
Results- Student Usability Study

Multiple Modalities

  • All but one had high rankings for multiple modalities.
  • All but one preferred the step-by-step process.
  • Students wanted to skim the whole thing first then find the key items.
enter question text2

Your Turn to Design a Page:

What one extra thing could you add to your tutorial?

Enter question text...
  • Short Video Clips
  • Short Audio Clips
  • Images
  • Scenario
  • Drag and Drop

Which would you choose?

  • Drag and drop citation
  • Type in the citation

What Would you Add to Accommodate More Styles?

  • Audio Clips
  • Pop up or video clip showing marked up paper
  • Both

What Would YouAdd to Help Learners?

You quote it

  • Animated figure to read the text
  • Video clip or a real person reading the text
  • Where to click

Which Learning Style is not Being Accommodated?

  • Reflective
  • Sequential
  • Auditory
  • Global
next steps for our tutorials
Next Steps for Our Tutorials
  • Create more mash-ups that incorporate images, sound, and text into one learning object.
  • Cease talking when a pop-up appears to allow time to read and reflect on the message
  • Create an opening scenario or “choose a character” to help them relate to the experience.
  • More Interactivity: Options for them to “try it out”, including “drag and drop” elements, choose an answer, reflect and provide a response, brief quizzes, games and consequences.
modifications continued
Modifications Continued
  • Visual cues so users know what they can do (such as arrows , animation cues, extra tips) to alert them what to do next and where to click.
  • More auditory cues will be used to provide positive and negative feedback through sound, such as dings and buzzes.
  • Scenarios to help engage the student and make the material more relevant to them.
  • Chapter markers for students who want to pick and choose sections, as well as to be able to easily go back and review something
mismatch students want

Variety of tools that engage

  • Multiple paths to information
  • Interactive opportunities
Mismatch – Students Want
  • Yet 63% of librarian survey respondents did not provide tools for multiple modalities
  • Yet 72% of respondents did not provide for multiple paths
  • Yet 52%did not provide these and only 6% provided them in every tutorial
what was your 1 take away from this talk
What Was Your #1 Take-away From This Talk?
  • It’s important to incorporate multiple options in tutorials
  • Video tutorials aren’t effective for all students
  • Perhaps librarians should assess their tools with students

Lori Mestre


Made possible by a grant from the Research and Publications Committee of the University of Illinois

resources used in presentation
Resources Used in Presentation

Learning Styles

  • Index of Learning Style Inventory
    • http://www.engr.ncsu.edu/learningstyles/ilsweb.html (NC State)
    • Felder Richard M. and Barbara A. Soloman. “Learning Styles and Strategies.” North Carolina State University, 2009. June 1, 2009. <http://www4.ncsu.edu/unity/lockers/users/f/felder/public/ILSdir/styles.htm
  • Vark Questionnaire (How do I Learn Best)
    • http://www.vark-learn.com/english/page.asp?p=questionnaire
    • Helpsheets for Study Practices based on Preferences: http://www.vark-learn.com/english/page.asp?p=helpsheets
  • Keys to Effective Learning http://blog.iqmatrix.com/mind-map/accelerated-learning-mind-map
  • Acadia Institute for Teaching and Technology. Learning Styles http://learningcommons.acadiau.ca/resources/workshops/learningstyles.ppt
tutorials highlighted in presentation
Tutorials Highlighted in Presentation
  • Berkeley: http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/doemoff/tutorials/ill.html
  • Eastern Washington University: http://support.library.ewu.edu/reference/tutorial/flash/citation.html
  • Rutgers: http://www.rci.rutgers.edu/~estec/tutorials/scholarly.htm
  • Sbu research guide: http://www.library.stonybrook.edu/tutorial/index.html
  • University of Arizona: http://www.library.arizona.edu/help/tutorials/index.html
  • UCI Irvine Libraries online workshop: http://www.lib.uci.edu/how/tutorials/LibraryWorkshop/begin.html
  • UIUC Digital Literacy: http://www.library.illinois.edu/diglit/
  • University of New Castle, Australia: Info Skills tutorial: http://www.newcastle.edu.au/Resources/Divisions/Academic/Library/information-skills/infoskills/index.html
  • Vaughn Memorial Library: You quote it, you note it http://library.acadiau.ca/tutorials/plagiarism/
resources for using mash ups
Resources for Using Mash-ups
  • For lots of resources for creating or finding learning objects see: http://uiuc.libguides.com/learningobjects
  • Mash-up Photos: http://www.mashupphotos.com/
  • Big Huge Labs: http://bighugelabs.com/
  • Make a Prezi and record in Camtasia/Captivate http://prezi.com
  • Mashup Dashboard: http://www.programmableweb.com/mashups
  • Mashup images from flickr, mosaic maker, poster maker- make a jigsaw puzzle
  • Pipes – drag & drop modules for building mashups (try Library 2.0 ) www://pipes.yahoo.com
  • Primo sites: http://www.lycoming.edu/library/instruction/tutorials/plagiarismGame.html
  • UNC example of “show me” button that links to a tutorial http://www.lib.unc.edu/instruct/tutorial/articles/articles.html
  • VOKI http://www.voki.com/create.php
  • Sounds effects collection http://www.music-oasis.com/download/Audio/Sound-Effects-Collection/?f=WNBKtvTPS&a=6591&adid=6048869960