America Becomes a Colonial Power. H-O-H: Why did America join the imperialist club at the end of the 19c?. 1. Commercial/Business Interests. U. S. Foreign Investments: 1869-1908. 1. Commercial/Business Interests. American Foreign Trade: 1870-1914. 2. Military/Strategic Interests.
Why did America
join the imperialist
club at the end
of the 19c?
U. S. Foreign Investments: 1869-1908
American Foreign Trade:1870-1914
Alfred T. Mahan The Influence of Sea Power on History: 1660-1783
The White Man’sBurden
The Hierarchyof Race
American Missionariesin China, 1905
Imiola Church – first built in the late 1820s
Hawaii becomes a U. S. Protectorate in 1849 by virtue of economic treaties.
Hawaii for the Hawaiians!
1875 – Reciprocity Treaty
1890 – McKinley Tariff
1893 –Americanbusinessmen backed anuprising against Queen Liliuokalani.
Sanford Ballard Doleproclaims the Republic of Hawaii in 1894.
Hawaiian Annexation Ceremony, 1898
The Japanese View of Commodore Perry
TR, asst. secretary of Navy ordered Dewey to attack the Spanish fleet
April 30th--Dewey destroyed the Spanish fleet in 7 hours
American troops joined forces w/Filipino rebels led by Emilio Aguinaldo
By August, Spanish troops surrenderedSpanish American War in the Philippines
Leader of the Filipinorebels
How prepared was the US for war?
Assistant Secretary of the Navy in the McKinley administration.
Imperialist and American nationalist.
Criticized PresidentMcKinley as having the backbone of a chocolate éclair!
Resigns his position to fight in Cuba.
Remember the Maine
Funeral for Maine victims in Havana
US army was a small force, but supplemented by 125,000 volunteers
Army was poorly trained, poorly equipt
In June, first troops land in Cuba
Strategic battles (Kettle Hill, SanJuan Hill) by Rough Riders, African American Regiments (Buffalo Soldiers) and US Calvary
By end of July, US troops invade PRSpanish American War in Caribbean
Cuba was freed from Spanish rule.
Spain gave up Puerto Rico and the island ofGuam.
The U. S. paid Spain$20 mil. for thePhilippines.
The U. S. becomesan imperial power!
U. S. citizenship
follow the flag??
Teller Amendment (1898)
Platt Amendment (1903)
Senator Orville Platt
"THE FILIPINO'S FIRST BATH.""McKinley -- 'Oh, you dirty boy!'"Judge, Arkell Publishing Company, New York, June 10, 1899 [artist: Grant Hamilton]
“Gentlemen, I went down on my knees and prayed to the Almighty God for Guidance. There was nothing left for us to do but to take the Filipinos and civilize and christianize them, and by God’s grace do the very best by them”
"SPEAKING FROM EXPERIENCE. (Through Professor Marconi's wireless telegraphy)" "AMERICAN INDIAN (to Filipino) -- 'Be Good, or you will be dead!'"Judge, Arkell Publishing Company, New York, circa 1899 [artist: Victor Gillam]
TR in Panama(Construction begins in 1904)
Chronic wrongdoing… may in America, as elsewhere, ultimately require intervention by some civilized nation, and in the Western Hemisphere the adherence of the United States to the Monroe Doctrine may force the United States, however reluctantly, in flagrant cases of such wrongdoing or impotence, to the exercise of an international police power .
Stereotypes of the Chinese Immigrant
Oriental [Chinese] Exclusion Act, 1887
Secretary John Hay.
Give all nations equalaccess to trade in China.
Guaranteed that China would NOT be taken over by any one foreign power.
The Peaceful Harmonious Fists.
Nobel Peace Prize for Teddy
Improve financialopportunities for American businesses.
Use private capital tofurther U. S. interestsoverseas.
Therefore, the U.S. should create stability and order abroad that would best promote America’s commercial interests.
Victoriano Huerta seizes control of Mexico and puts Madero in prison where he was murdered.
Venustiano Carranza, Pancho Villa, Emiliano Zapata, and Alvaro Obregon fought against Huerta.
The U.S. also got involved by occupying Veracruz and Huerta fled the country.
Eventually Carranza would gain power in Mexico.
Francisco I Madero
The U. S. shouldbe the conscienceof the world.
General John J. Pershing with PanchoVilla in 1914.