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Workplace Liability. CCIC – April 22 nd 2014 Luigi Zunarelli. Different Level of Liability. Civil – Compensation that the employer/social fund pay to the employee for a certain accident incurred.

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workplace liability
Workplace Liability

CCIC – April 22nd 2014

Luigi Zunarelli

different level of liability
Different Level of Liability

Civil – Compensation that the employer/social fund pay to the employee for a certain accident incurred.

Administrative – Fine or penalties issued by Chinese administrative authority due to a misbehavior of the employer

Criminal – Personal liability of company directors/legal representative or senior employees

civil liability
Civil Liability

Italian Legal Framework

Chinese Legal Framework

Working injury – any damage caused by an injury related to the working activity shall be compensated by the company and social fund unless intentional or due to a criminal action.

Civil tort liability – any damage caused by a person base on an unlawful action

Fault of employer – damage incurred due to negligence of the employer or unknown reason.

Fault of employee – damage incurred due to negligence of the employee.

Unpredictable and absolutely abnormal action – damage incurred due to an action of the employee that couldn’t be predicted or controlled in anyway by the employer.

company regulation
Company regulation

What shall be considered as working injury?

What we need to provide in company regulation

work-related accident at the workplace during the working time;

Injured in an accident when making work-related preparations or conducting work-related

Injured due to work or the whereabouts thereof is unknown due to an accident;

Injured in a traffic accident on the way to work from home or back home from work;

Define procedure for approval/declaration of business trip;

Define relationship with freelance/partners or part time workers; surveillance and accreditation system for visitors;

Define duration and appointment for work related activity out of workplace;

Define area and tools related to the working activity.

criminal liability

General Liability

“Whoever violates the safety provisions in the course of production and operations, thereby causing an accident”

  • Direct Accident Liability

“Whoever forces another person to work under hazardous conditions in violation of rules”

  • Employer Liability

“Where the facilities for safety production or the conditions for safety production are not in conformity with State requirements, the person directly in charge and the other persons directly responsible shall be sentenced”

Criminal Liability

Legal Framework

company regulation1

Define procedure for use and maintenance of machinery;

  • Define training duties for senior officers toward new employees;
  • Define and apply penalties for breach of safety regulation;
  • Define duties and responsibilities for senior managers employees
  • Define a urgent protocol in case of emergency
  • Organize training and seminars to inform employees about company regulation
Company regulation

Administrative and criminal liability are based on the breach of law or company regulation so it is necessary to state out rule and regulation to be respected by employees to avoid criminal and administrative liability


“However whatever happen I’m always responsible” NOT TRUE!

Importance of company organization, guidelines or employee handbook to prevent liability.

“I’m not the legal representative so I don’t care”