Subject verb agreement. Although you are probably already familiar with basic subject-verb agreement, this lesson begins with a quick review of basic agreement rules.
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Although you are probably already familiar with basic subject-verb agreement, this lesson begins with a quick review of basic agreement rules.
In the present tense, nouns and verbs form plurals in opposite ways: nouns ADD an s to the singular form; verbs REMOVE the s from the singular form.
These agreement rules do not apply to verbs used in the simple past tense without any helping verbs.
The girltalked to me.
The girls talked to me.
The agreement rules do, however, apply to the following helping verbs when they are used with a main verb: is-are, was-were, has-have, does-do.
The agreement rules do not apply to has-have when used as the SECOND helping verb in a pair.
They do NOT apply to any other helping verbs, such as can, could, shall, should, may, might, will, would, must.
The subject-verb agreement rules apply to all personal pronouns except I and you, which, although SINGULAR, require PLURAL forms of verbs.
1. At Yellowstone Park grizzly bears (doesn’t, don’t) have names; they have numbers.
5. Meandering downriver toward a deer, three grizzly cubs comes within 15 yards of it.
6.Female grizzlies mates every third year in summer, without their fertilized eggs implanting in the womb until fall.
7.To a grizzly almost anything are food except rocks.
8. Lingering snow patches often become playgrounds for grizzlies observed making snowballs.
Compound nouns can function as a “compound subject.” In some instances, a compound subject poses special problems for the subject-verb agreement rule (+s, -s).
Or and nor as joiners word somewhat differently from and. While the word and seems to ADD things together, or and nordo not. They suggest a CHOICE.
What if one part of the compound subject is singular and the other part is plural?
4. A good diet and a realistic exercise plan (combines, combine) to help one lose weight.
5. A sweet potato and some carrots provides Vitamin A, important for healthy eyes.
6. Neither bleach nor dyes really helps unhealthy hair look better.
7. Ripe tomatoes, leafy Brussels sprouts, and a handy orange is rich in Vitamin C.
8. Unfortunately for the sedentary, neither diet nor vitamins alone provide sufficient fuel for good health.