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UNEP Risoe Centre Contribution to regional distribution Miriam Hinostroza Programme Manager 7 th CDM Joint Coordination Workshop Bonn, 12-13 March 2011. Regional Distribution.

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UNEP Risoe Centre

Contribution to regional distribution

Miriam Hinostroza

Programme Manager

7th CDM Joint Coordination Workshop

Bonn, 12-13 March 2011

regional distribution
Regional Distribution
  • Measuring regional distribution - discrepancy in the distribution of current CDM projects lays in the geographic distribution of the different projects
regional distribution1
Regional Distribution
  • Measuring regional distribution
  • Lack of capacity for DNAs
  • Lack of finance to cover upfront costs
  • Complexity of procedures combined with lack of CDM expertise
  • Lack of awareness and know-how of project developers
  • Lack of project financing
  • Lack of local CDM champions
  • Specific nature and scope of projects in the regions
Energy and Carbon Financepolicy analysis and capacity development to facilitate the transition towards low carbon societies
  • Increasing access of medium-small developing countries to the carbon markets

Analytical work

  • Capacity building
  • Innovative approaches
  • Policy analysis on new developments:
    • Pledge tracker
    • REDD+
    • Programmatic approaches
    • Interfacing and integration of NAMA and NAPA by sector
    • impact assessment - The role of capacity development in making the CDM operational in developing countries
  • Carbon finance and sustainable development:
    • Indirect benefits of CDM
    • PoA analysis – new sheet in the Pipeline
    • CER price analysis
    • Analysis of investments in CDM projects by sub-type, country etc
  • Carbon finance and clean energy:
    • Large hydro problems
    • Articles on hydro/wave/geothermal energy
    • PoA potential and feasibility study for solar technologies in Indonesia
    • CDM technology fact sheets
  • Guidebooks on specific issues of the CDM
  • Carbon Market Perspective Series
  • CD4CDM Working Paper Series
  • CDM data & analysis - CDM&JIPipeline
  • CDM Bazaar
  • Web based CDM Technology &Methodology Selection Tool
  • Institutional
  • Legal frameworks
  • enabling environments
  • Individual
  • Seminars
  • Workshops
  • Training sessions
  • Regional Forums
  • Innovative PPP for green financing supported by German Government with two aims:
    • Facilitate realization/closure of replicable carbon projects
    • Mainstream carbon investment literacy within African financial sector
    • Secretariat embedded in Standard Bank following UNEP tender
  • A catalytic platform
    • Risk sharing model, leveraging private finance with seed capital + TA
  • Addresses key barriers to African market growth by:
    • Enhancing transactional capacity within African banks
    • Reducing high early-stage costs and risks
    • Providing a jump-start financing solution
  • Launched fall 2009 at UNEP FI Roundtable, Cape Town
acad key activities
ACAD - Key Activities
    • Transaction cost sharing with accompanying technical support to leverage closure of 10-12 replicable transactions
    • Roughly €50,000 per project
    • Local financiers, developers, or project proponents can apply
    • Can disburse to service provider of choice and cover CDM documentation development, carbon auditing, registration fees, enviro-legal studies, etc.
    • Enhance knowledge and skills in origination, financial appraisal, and due diligence amongst African banks
    • Four advanced training workshops for developers and African FIs: Cape Town (Oct. 2009), Nairobi (Mar. & June 2010), Lagos (January 2011). Over 100 bankers trained.
    • Additional in-house clinics and training for Standard Bank & clients
  • Investor outreach/mobilization
    • 2nd African Bankers’ Carbon Finance & Investment Forum, Joburg, Nov. 4 - 5, 2010

Approved Projects to Date

Abule-Egba, Soulos and Epe Project : Consortium incl. Lagos State Waste Management Authority (LWMA), NIGERIA

APA Integrated Waste Management Program, NIGERIA

AthiRiver Mining Kaloleni Cement Plant Fuel Switch/EE project, KENYA

Lake Turkana Wind Power Project, KENYA

Terem Hydropower Project, KENYA

Distillery effluent management at EthCo Ltd, MALAWI

International Ferrometals Waste Gas Cogeneration, SOUTH AFRICA

KateneKadji Biomass Project, MALI

NURU Lights Projects, RWANDA

  • Carbon Finance for Agriculture, Sylviculture, Conservation and Action against Deforestation
  • The aim is to stimulate generation of carbon credits from land use, land use change and forestry (LULUCF) and bio-energy projects in seven Sub Saharan countries: Benin, Mali, Senegal, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon and Madagascar.
    • Technical assistance to selected projects, developed by a variety of organizations from the private sector, civil society or governmental organizations;
    • National, regional and international knowledge transfer;
    • Institutional support to the Designated National Authorities
  • CASCADE is funded by the “FondsFrançais pour l’EnvironnementMondial (FFEM)” and implemented by UNEP DTIE and UNEP Risoe Centre.
cascade activities and achievements
CASCADE – activities and achievements
  • Technical assistance provided to 24 project (PIN) in participating countries
  • Twelve from those PINS were supported to develop PDDs
  • Three out of the 12 PDDs are currently under validation
  • 2 more advanced afforestation/reforestation projects in Latin America have been supported with the view to draw lessons for South-South knowledge and experience transfer for the benefit of projects in sub-Saharan Africa
  • 2 reforestation projects in Senegal and Cameroon have also received support
  • CASCADetarget countries have received tailor-made institutional support with a specific focus on forestry and bio-energy. Support offered included:
    • assistance for the elaboration of the forest definition,
    • legal review of the national regulatory CDM framework,
    • capacity building for the members of the DNA national councils,
    • establishment of a website for the DNA,
acp cd4cdm activities
ACP – CD4CDM – Activities
  • 48 workshops will be organized, including national and training workshops
  • 36 sector focused workshops will be organized:
    • Energy – EE & RE
    • CH4 avoidance and electricity generation
    • Landfill
    • Biogas
  • A number of community meetings
acp cd4cdm activities1
ACP – CD4CDM – Activities
  • National CDM Project Portfolios
    • Potential sectors for CDM projects will be prioritized
    • 48 Project Idea Notes (PINs) will be developed (4 per country)
    • 24 Project Designs Documents will be formulated (2 per country)
    • 4 POA PINs will be developed (2 per region)
    • 2-4 POA – DDs will be formulated for each region
  • Promotion of CDM Portfolios
    • 3 Regional Carbon Forums will be organized
    • Participating country delegations will be supported to participate in Carbon Expo 2011
    • 3 Regional Carbon Forums for the Financial sector
    • National CDM websites will be supported
regional activities
Regional Activities
  • Identification/selection of two to three high-potential sectors for Program of Activities (POAs), that might be implemented at regional level, i.e., in several Island States
  • Regional POA Training Workshop (A regional workshop to present and discuss potential ideas for one or more Program of Activities under the CDM) - May-June 2011, Trinidad and Tobago
  • 2 Regional Workshop for DNAs – March 2011, Havana
  • 4 POA PINs and 2POA DD for prioritized sectors in each region
  • A regional workshop to present developments of PINs and POAs
  • Regional Carbon Forum , Marrakesh, July 2011; Costa Rica October 2011
  • A regional Carbon Finance Bankers' Forum, TBA, 2011
  • Participate in Carbon Expo to present and promote portfolio of PINs and PDDs

Regional activities

Regional Carbon Forums

Investment mobilization and engaging the finance sector

  • Africa Carbon Forum, Senegal, Sep. 2008; Kenya, March 2010
  • Latin America Carbon Forums, Quito 2006, Lima 2007, Santiago 2008, Panama 2009, DR 2010
    • Knowledge and information sharing platforms
    • Bring together CDM stakeholders to benefit from:
    • Updates on Carbon markets; technical knowledge sharing on conferences; trade fair and capacity-development sessions,
    • Organizers: IETA, UNEP/Risø, WB, OLADE, UNDP, and UNFCCC
  • African Bankers’ Carbon Finance Investment Forum. May 2007, Johannesburg
  • Dakar, Senegal: Carbon finance perspectives for the banking sector. Feb 12-14, 2008
  • Training finance sector staff – Regional Financial Sector CDM Forum, Lima, Nov 2008
  • Finance guidebook

UNEP/URC capacity development activities in Africa

    • CD4CDM
    • Green Facility
    • CD4CDM in ACP in 7 countries.
    • 28 COUNTRIES; 11 LDC
current unep urc capacity development activities in latin america caribbean
Current UNEP/URC capacity development activities in Latin America & Caribbean
  • CD4CDM
  • UNDP & UNEP – LCF in LAC
  • CD4 CDM fortheCaribbean
analytical activities publications
Analytical Activities & Publications

Support the informational and educational objectives of our capacity development activities

  • Guidebooks on specific issues of the CDM
    • Introduction to the CDM: 2002
    • CDM Information and Guidebook: Dec. 2003
    • Institutional strategy to promote the CDM in Peru: Feb. 2004
    • CDM legal issues Guidebook: May 2004
    • Institutional issues in CDM implementation: May 2004
    • CDM and Sustainable Development: Feb. 2004
    • Guidebook on developing baselines for CDM projects: June 2004
    • PDD Guidebook: Navigating the Pitfalls - Second edition: April 2008)
    • Guidebook to Finance CDM projects: May 2007
    • Implementing CDM Projects: Guidebook to Host Country Legal Issues: August 2009
    • A Primer on CDM Programme of Activities: November 2009

provide targeted audiences with ‘reference’ manuals containing clear operational instructions on concrete topics for which public information is already available.

analytical activities publications1
Analytical Activities & Publications
  • Carbon Market Perspective Series
    • 2010 – Pathways for implementing REDD+: Experiences from carbon markets and communities
    • 2009 - NAMAS and the Carbon Market
    • 2008 - A Reformed CDM - Including New Mechanisms For Sustainable Development
    • 2007 - Equal Exchange: Determining a Fair Price for Carbon

aims at comprising an annual special feature on a topic of pivotal importance to all developing countries in the global carbon market

analytical activities publications2
Analytical activities & publications
  • CD4CDM Working Paper Series
    • Facing Destruction without Representation? Low-Power Groups in Climate Negotiations on Post-Kyoto CDM
    • PoA CDM Manual - Mini Biogas Plants for Households
    • Electricity sector crediting mechanism based on a power plant emission standard: A clear signal to power generation companies and utilities planning new power plants in developing countries post-2012
    • Electricity sector no-lose targets in developing countries for post-2012: Assessment of emissions reduction and reduction credits
    • Technology and knowledge transfer from Annex 1 countries to Non Annex 1 countries under the CDM - An empirical case study of CDM projects implemented in Malaysia
    • A quantitative analysis of the cost-effectiveness of project types in the CDM Pipeline
    • Potentials and barriers for end-use energy efficiency under programmatic CDM
    • Sustainable Development Benefits of Clean Development Projects
    • Risks and Chances of Combined Forestry and Biomass Projects under the Clean Development Mechanism

analytical in nature and are designed to address critical policy issues and methodological barriers constraining the CDM through cutting-edge independent research.

analytical activities publications3
Analytical activities & publications
  • CDM data & analysis - CDM&JIPipeline
    • A web based data base compiling CDM projects
    • Analysis and market surveillance
    • Projections of GHG emission reductions
    • Calculation of different parameters
    • It also contains the baseline & monitoring methodologies, a list of DOEs and several analyses. Almost all information is from and

Data base and analysis providing monthly

analytical activities publications4
Analytical activities & publications
  • Up coming publications:
    • Studies on CDM Potentials for countries with less that 5 projects in the pipeline (together with UNFCCC and UNDP)
    • Guidebook on MRVs
  • Update of guidebooks:
    • CDM Information and guidebook
    • CDM PDD guidebook: Navigating the pitfalls
    • Financing CDM projects


  • A handy and simple tool
  • Categorizes methodologies by technology
  • Facilitates choosing a methodology that is applicable to a specific type of CDM project
  • Builds on the list of approved methodologies updated monthly at the CDM/JI pipeline


  • A snapshot review of technologies used to date in CDM activities, including:
    • Examples of application
    • Investment
    • Estimated CERs revenues
    • Performance under CDM
    • Methodology applicable to the technology
tool for selecting cdm methodologies and technologies
Tool for Selecting CDM Methodologies and technologies
  • it is linked to each methodology
  • users can share experiences and views on pitfalls, difficulties, applicability, especial requirements, limitations and tips on how to draft a PDD

Discussion Forum

unep s contribution to the carbon markets
UNEP’s Contribution to the Carbon Markets
  • A comprehensive capacity development package
  • Provision of technical and financial assistance to country’s institutional and individual preparedness for the CDM in more than 40 countries – impact on host country attractiveness as CDM destination
  • Provision of CDM knowledge and dissemination – Impact on CDM dissemination and promotion
  • Free flow information – impact on improving the information asymmetry
  • Support to national CDM portfolio creation and/or diversification – impact on increase of CDM portfolio
  • Facilitation of national portfolios promotion and dissemination through regional events, such as the ACF and in Carbon Expo – impact on cost reduction
  • Final Impact – Development and promotion of national CDM project portfolios and
  • the institutional capability to attract CDM investments


More information: