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  1. Wilhelm Wundt • Founder of Psychology • First lab for research • Focus on consciousness • Father of Structuralism • Introspection

  2. G.Stanley Hall • First research lab in America • Establish first American Journal • Founder of APA • First President for APA

  3. William James • Functionalism • Psychology should investigate the functions rather than the structure of consciousness

  4. John Watson • Behaviorism • Behavior is governed primarily by environment • Famous for Little Albert

  5. Ivan Pavlov • Behaviorist • Classical Conditioning • Dog salivating to the tone of a bell

  6. Gestalt Psychology • Consciousness • Perceptual research

  7. Sigmund Freud • Unconscious forces • Sexual urges

  8. B.F. Skinner • Behaviorist • Repeating responses

  9. Humanistic • Maslow and Rogers • Personal Growth

  10. Alfred Binet • IQ Test

  11. Psychology • Scientific study of behavior, mental processes and applications of knowledge

  12. Behaviors • Physical actions that can be seen or heard • Ex. Talking to a friend or taking notes in class

  13. Mental Processes • Actions that can not be observed • Ex. memory or dreams

  14. Goals for Psychology • Research • Applied

  15. Research in Psychology • Describe • Explain • Predict

  16. Fields in Research Psychology • Cognitive Psychology • Developmental Psychology

  17. Applied Psychology • Goal is to change behaviors and mental processes

  18. Fields in Applied Psychology • Psychiatry • Counseling Psychology • Clinical Psychology