Deficit reduction act of 2005
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Deficit Reduction Act of 2005. This presentation covers the Medicaid Asset Transfer and Partnership portions of this law only Current as of: July 1, 2006. President Bush (At Bill Signing February 8, 2006).

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Deficit reduction act of 2005

Deficit Reduction Act of 2005

This presentation covers the Medicaid Asset Transfer and Partnership portions of this law only

Current as of: July 1, 2006

President bush at bill signing february 8 2006
President Bush(At Bill Signing February 8, 2006)

“…without reforms to entitlement programs, spending for Medicare, Medicaid and Social Security alone will be almost 60% of the entire federal budget by 2030.

That will leave future generations with impossible choices -- staggering tax increases, immense deficits or deep cuts in every category of spending”

Pickler, AP/Houston Chronicle, 2/8/06

Deficit reduction act
Deficit Reduction Act

  • Made Medicaid Planning very difficult by closing most loop-holes that have been used in the past

  • Allows States to begin new LTCi Partnership Plans to give residents an incentive to purchase Long Term Care insurance

  • Effective date is the date of enactment (February 8, 2006) unless state legislation is required

Transfer changes will have the largest impact on medicaid planning
Transfer Changes Will Have The Largest Impact On Medicaid Planning

  • Look-back Period extended from 36 months to 60 months

  • Penalty Period now begins on the date of eligibility for Medicaid instead of the date the transfer was made

Example john and mary
Example – John And Mary Planning

  • March 1, 2006:

    • They transfer $200,000 to their son(s) and/or daughter(s)

  • April 1, 2009:

    • John goes into Nursing Home. He is eligible for Medicaid immediately

Look back period
Look-back Period Planning

  • Old Law: 36 months

  • New Law: 60 months


Date: 03/01/06

Old Law

Medicaid Application

Date: 04/01/09

Review for any transfer made for under fair market value back to 04/01/06

New Law

Medicaid Application

Date: 04/01/09

Review for any transfer made for under fair market value back to 04/01/04

Calculating penalties
Calculating Penalties Planning

  • Penalty: Divide amount of transfer1 by the average cost of SNF in state

  • Example: (Assume average cost is $3,888)

    • Transfer is $200,000 in March, 2006

    • $200,000 / $3,888 = 51.44 months (Under old law, normally rounded down to 51 mos.)

1 Only transfers made for “under fair market value”

Beginning date of eligibility
Beginning Date of Eligibility Planning

  • Old Law: Penalty applied from date of transfer

  • New Law: Penalty applied at date of eligibility


Date: 03/01/06

Medicaid Eligibility

Date: 04/01/10

A penalty period of 51 months, starting 3/1/06 – 14 months left to pay

Old Law

A penalty period of 51 months, starting 4/1/10

New Law

New law effects on john mary
New Law Effects On John & Mary Planning

  • So, when John becomes eligible, after April, 2010, the family will have to pay 51 months of care

  • Remember, the penalty could cost more than what was transferred. Example:

    • Actual NH cost is $4,350 a month

    • 51 months will cost $221,850!

Home equity limited
Home Equity Limited Planning

  • Old Law: The value of the home is not used to determine eligibility for Medicaid1

  • New Law: Individuals with more than $500,0002 in home equity are ineligible

    • Doesn’t apply if spouse, minor or disabled child lives in the house (exemptions in the case of hardship)

  • Applies for Medicaid applications filed on or after January 1, 2006

1 The home is exempt for the first 6 mos. 2. States can increase to $750,000

Treatment of annuities
Treatment of Annuities Planning

  • Old law: Loop-holes included:

    • Medicaid annuities

    • Annuities bypassed probate

  • New law: Requires Medicaid applicants

    • Annuity must meet conditions or could be penalized

    • Name state as remainder beneficiary for amount they paid

    • Second position if community spouse, minor or disabled child

Purchase of life estates
Purchase Of Life Estates Planning

  • Old Law: Fairly open

  • New Law: Can be penalized for the purchase of a life estate interest in another individual's home

    • Unless the purchaser resides in the home for a period of at least 1 year after the date of the purchase

Other loop holes closed
Other Loop-holes Closed Planning

  • Requires states impose partial months of ineligibility

  • Multiple transfers will be accumulated into one penalty period

  • Income first rule

  • Certain notes and loans

  • Admission contracts

But dra gave us a huge benefit
But, DRA gave us a huge benefit! Planning

State LTCi Partnership Program

State ltci partnership programs
State LTCi Partnership Programs Planning

  • Federal government has limited states ability to pass Medicaid Partnership plans since 19931

  • The Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 now allows states to pass Partnership Program laws

  • Partnership Programs will help state’s Medicaid programs by encouraging consumers to purchase Long Term Care Insurance

1. Four states were allowed full Partnership Plans during this time. The states were New York, Connecticut, Indiana and California.

How partnership plans work
How Partnership Plans Work Planning

  • You buy a Long Term Care insurance policy that meets your state’s guidelines

  • When you need long term care, your policy will pay first. If your policy benefits run out, you can apply for Medicaid

  • Medicaid will allow you to protect assets equal to the insurance benefit payments

  • Example:

    • If an your policy paid $100,000 in benefits

    • Medicaid will let you protect $100,000 of assets

    • Protected assets are also exempt from estate recovery

Federal guidelines policies
Federal Guidelines - Policies Planning

  • Any tax qualified plan Long Term Care insurance policy can be certified under partnership plan

  • States may not require specific terms or benefits of policies unless they require the same for all LTCi policies sold in their state

    • Goal is for future reciprocal recognition among States

Federal guidelines inflation coverage
Federal Guidelines – Inflation Coverage Planning

  • Based on the individuals age when purchased the policy:1

    • Age 60 and under:

      • Must have compound inflation coverage

    • Age 61-75:

      • Must have some level of inflation coverage

    • Age 76 and above:

      • No inflation coverage is required

1 Even if policy is re-issued, this requirement is based on the age of original sale.

The author s opinion 1
The Author’s Opinion Planning1

  • Many think that most, if not all, states will pass this new legislation to help solve their Medicaid budget problems

  • Most, if not all, companies will rush to get their products certified to stay competitive in the market

  • Consumers should act now to protect their insurability

  • With 31 years of experience in the insurance industry, Mark began researching and training agents in 1985. Focusing on Long Term Care insurance since it’s inception, he is recognized as one of the nation’s leading experts in this area.

How should this affect your decision regarding long term care coverage
How Should This Affect Your Decision Regarding Long Term Care coverage?

  • The AHIA expects most companies to re-issue policies currently in force so their clients can take advantage of the new law

  • Companies are shying away from guaranteeing re-issue because they want to see some states pass laws to make sure there policies will be compliant and verify no benefits will have minimums or mandated

  • However, if your state passes a Partnership Plan following current federal law – most policies should be certified as long as inflation guidelines are followed

Potential pitfalls
Potential Pitfalls Care coverage?

  • Your state may not pass Partnership Plan legislation

  • Your state may pass legislation that requires different benefits than DRA requires

  • Your LTCi policy may not be certified under your state’s Partnership Plan

Potential benefits
Potential Benefits Care coverage?

  • Your state has incentive to pass Partnership legislation that follows the Deficit Reduction Act

  • Your insurance company has incentive to become certified to remain competitive

  • So, if you follow inflation guidelines, there’s a good chance your policy will be covered under your new law. That means you could protect some or all of your assets from a long term care situation!

  • Why not lock in your insurability NOW!

  • There has been discussion that having LTCi coverage may protect children under filial laws.

  • There are many reasons to buy Long Term Care insurance – potential Partnership coverage is icing on your cake!