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Day 24: America Secedes from the Empire. Baltimore Polytechnic Institute September 30 , 2013 A/A.P. U.S. History Mr. Green. America Secedes from the Empire.

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day 24 america secedes from the empire

Day 24: America Secedes from the Empire

Baltimore Polytechnic Institute

September 30, 2013

A/A.P. U.S. History

Mr. Green

america secedes from the empire
America Secedes from the Empire

Objective: The students will be able to evaluate the process the colonists took to declare independence by analyzing the actions of the 2nd Continental Congress

Drill: These are the times that try men’s souls. The summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will, in this crisis, shrink from the service of their country; but he that stands it now, deserves the love and thanks of man and woman.

Thomas Paine, December 1776

motivation
Motivation

Examine the draft of Jefferson’s “Declaration of Independence” and the final version.

Identify differences between the two documents.

Hypothesize about reasons for thedifferences between the 2 documents.

the second continental congress
The Second Continental Congress

Lexington & Concord-April 1775

2nd Continental Congress-May 10, 1775

Appointed G. Washington to head army in Boston

Why?

Ticonderoga & Crown Point-May 1775

Bunker Hill June 1775

Olive Branch Petition-July 1775

Colonies in rebellion-August 1775

King George’s next step?-

Hessians-Who were they?

abortive conquest of canada
Abortive conquest of Canada

Colonists decided to invade Canada in the hopes that the conquered French were explosively restive under British control.

patriots and loyalists
Patriots and Loyalists

Patriots (Whigs) supported the Revolution

Loyalists (Tories) supported the British Crown

The Revolution was a minority movement

Many were apathetic or neutral

British controlled only where they were

Loyalist strongholds were in New York City, Charleston, Quaker PA, and NJ

loyalist exodus
Loyalist Exodus

Tarred and feathered

Roughly handled

Imprisoned

Some hanged

No reign of terror comparable to France and later Russia-WHY?

How was the war financed?

general washington at bay
General Washington at Bay

Boston evacuated-March 1776

British arrival in NYC-July 1776-largest seen until the Civil War

Colonists/G. Washington routed in Battle of Long Island

British General Howe did not crush Washington’s army-WHY?

Delaware crossing by Washington-December 1776-captured 1,000 Hessians at Trenton, NJ

burgoyne s blundering invasion
Burgoyne’s Blundering Invasion

Benedict Arnold held off the British at Lake Champlain and the Brits had to stay in Canada.

How did the invasion of Canada in 1775 aid this outcome?

Burgoyne’s invasion was slow-WHY?

General Howe invaded and captured Philadelphia.

Washington defeated at Brandywine Creek and Germantown in late 1777

Burgoyne surrenders on Oct. 17, 1777 at Saratoga-What was the impact of this victory?

revolution in diplomacy
Revolution in Diplomacy

France wanted revenge against Britain

Model Treaty-guide for American diplomats dispatched to the French court

1. No political connection

2. No military connection

3. Only a commercial connection

Why did the Continental Congress draft such guidance for the commissioners?

Britain offered Home Rule after Saratoga

Treaty of Alliance-Feb. 6, 1778

the colonial war becomes a wider war
The Colonial War becomes a Wider War

Spain/Holland entered against Britain in 1779

Rest of Europe-Armed Neutrality

Britain had to revisit strategy of blockading colonial coast with French involvement

June 1778-Battle of Monmouth

1778-1779-Georgia overrun

1780-Charleston fell

Summer 1780-French army arrives in Newport, RI commanded by Comte de Rochambeau

1780-Benedict Arnold

Late 1780/early 1781-American victory at King’s Mtn

the land frontier and the sea frontier
The Land Frontier and the Sea Frontier

West on fire for much of the war

Treaty of Fort Stanwix (1784)-Indians ceded most of their land in PA and NY

Privateers impacted the war-insurance premiums skyrocketed

yorktown and the final curtain
Yorktown and the Final Curtain

High inflation in 1780-1781

2.5 cents on the dollar for bonds

Washington and Rochambeau’s French army marched to Yorktown

Admiral de Grasse blockaded Chesapeake Bay

October 19, 1781

peace at paris
Peace at Paris

France wanted a quasi-independent U.S.

Why?

John Jay negotiated in London, breaking the rules

Treaty of Paris

Britain recognized independence of U.S.

Mississippi to Great Lakes to Spanish Florida

homework
Homework
  • Revolutionary War Chart
  • Read Chapter 8