Day 24: America Secedes from the Empire. Baltimore Polytechnic Institute September 30 , 2013 A/A.P. U.S. History Mr. Green. America Secedes from the Empire.
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Baltimore Polytechnic Institute
September 30, 2013
A/A.P. U.S. History
Objective: The students will be able to evaluate the process the colonists took to declare independence by analyzing the actions of the 2nd Continental Congress
Drill: These are the times that try men’s souls. The summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will, in this crisis, shrink from the service of their country; but he that stands it now, deserves the love and thanks of man and woman.
Thomas Paine, December 1776
Examine the draft of Jefferson’s “Declaration of Independence” and the final version.
Identify differences between the two documents.
Hypothesize about reasons for thedifferences between the 2 documents.
Lexington & Concord-April 1775
2nd Continental Congress-May 10, 1775
Appointed G. Washington to head army in Boston
Ticonderoga & Crown Point-May 1775
Bunker Hill June 1775
Olive Branch Petition-July 1775
Colonies in rebellion-August 1775
King George’s next step?-
Hessians-Who were they?
Colonists decided to invade Canada in the hopes that the conquered French were explosively restive under British control.
Patriots (Whigs) supported the Revolution
Loyalists (Tories) supported the British Crown
The Revolution was a minority movement
Many were apathetic or neutral
British controlled only where they were
Loyalist strongholds were in New York City, Charleston, Quaker PA, and NJ
Tarred and feathered
No reign of terror comparable to France and later Russia-WHY?
How was the war financed?
Boston evacuated-March 1776
British arrival in NYC-July 1776-largest seen until the Civil War
Colonists/G. Washington routed in Battle of Long Island
British General Howe did not crush Washington’s army-WHY?
Delaware crossing by Washington-December 1776-captured 1,000 Hessians at Trenton, NJ
Benedict Arnold held off the British at Lake Champlain and the Brits had to stay in Canada.
How did the invasion of Canada in 1775 aid this outcome?
Burgoyne’s invasion was slow-WHY?
General Howe invaded and captured Philadelphia.
Washington defeated at Brandywine Creek and Germantown in late 1777
Burgoyne surrenders on Oct. 17, 1777 at Saratoga-What was the impact of this victory?
France wanted revenge against Britain
Model Treaty-guide for American diplomats dispatched to the French court
1. No political connection
2. No military connection
3. Only a commercial connection
Why did the Continental Congress draft such guidance for the commissioners?
Britain offered Home Rule after Saratoga
Treaty of Alliance-Feb. 6, 1778
Spain/Holland entered against Britain in 1779
Rest of Europe-Armed Neutrality
Britain had to revisit strategy of blockading colonial coast with French involvement
June 1778-Battle of Monmouth
Summer 1780-French army arrives in Newport, RI commanded by Comte de Rochambeau
Late 1780/early 1781-American victory at King’s Mtn
West on fire for much of the war
Treaty of Fort Stanwix (1784)-Indians ceded most of their land in PA and NY
Privateers impacted the war-insurance premiums skyrocketed
High inflation in 1780-1781
2.5 cents on the dollar for bonds
Washington and Rochambeau’s French army marched to Yorktown
Admiral de Grasse blockaded Chesapeake Bay
October 19, 1781
France wanted a quasi-independent U.S.
John Jay negotiated in London, breaking the rules
Treaty of Paris
Britain recognized independence of U.S.
Mississippi to Great Lakes to Spanish Florida