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5/15. What main nutrient do grains have?. Functions of Ingredients. FLOUR. Function/Purpose. How to measure. Sift or stir to incorporate air (sifting insures accurate measurements). Scoop gently into dry measuring cup, then level off. Provides bulk Provides structure

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Presentation Transcript
slide1
5/15
  • What main nutrient do grains have?
flour
FLOUR

Function/Purpose

How to measure

Sift or stir to incorporate air (sifting insures accurate measurements).

Scoop gently into dry measuring cup, then level off.

  • Provides bulk
  • Provides structure
  • Acts as a thickener
  • Coats food
sweetening
SWEETENING

Function/Purpose

How to measure

Granulated Sugar

Spoon into a dry measuring cup, level off.

Brown Sugar

Firmly pack into a dry measuring cup, level off

Syrups

Pour into a liquid measuring cup.

  • Adds flavor
  • Provides tenderness
  • Adds crispness
  • Browns as it melts during cooking (caramelizing)
leavening agents
LEAVENING AGENTS

Function/Purpose

How to measure

Scoop with correct measuring spoon, level off.

  • Makes it rise or increase in volume.
flavorings
FLAVORINGS

Function/Purpose

How to measure

Solids or Granules

Scoop into proper size measuring spoon

Liquids

Pour into proper measuring spoon.

  • Enhances natural flavors (salt)
  • Adds new flavors
slide7
EGGS

Function/Purpose

How to measure

Unless another size is designated in the recipe, use large eggs for cooking.

To measure half an egg, first beat the egg, then measure out 2 TBSP.

  • Add flavor
  • Provide moisture
  • Helps binds other ingredients together
  • Aids in browning
liquids
LIQUIDS

Function/Purpose

How to measure

Use a liquid measuring cup, put it on a level surface, pour liquid into the cup, read it at eye level.

  • Add moisture
  • Helps ingredients to react with each other
  • Binds ingredients together
fats or oils
FATS OR OILS

Function/Purpose

How to measure

SOLID FATS

Cut to the required line.

Scoop, press firmly, then level off top.

Liquids

pour into a liquid measuring cup.

  • Tenderize
  • Add moisture
  • Adds flavor
  • Adds a degree of brownness