ICT AS A POTENT TOOL IN TRANSFORMING PHILIPPINE EDUCATION(WITH INCLUSION OF TECHVOC EDUCATION) Paper Presentation at the Regular Training Programme on “Integrating ICT and New Media for Teaching and Learning”at SEAMEO VOCTECH, Brunei Darussalam by RODERICK A. TADEO, Ph.D.
ABSTRACT • This paper presents the status of the Technical-Vocational Education in the Philippines with focus on the integration and implementation of Information and Communication Technology in public schools and an update on the Philippine Educational System
Introduction: • In 2007- DepEd implemented the the “Strengthened Technical-Vocational Education Program” (STVEP) in response to the Education for All (EFA) global movement, the Philippine Millennium Development Goals (MDG) • was a strategy to address the perennial problem of poverty and to improve access to quality and relevant education which lay the foundation for sustainable human development by year 2015.
Result of the first NCAE (2006-07) revealed that out of the 1.3 M graduating HS students: -3.76% aptitude for college -58.03% inclination to entrpreneurship and TVE • Unfilled openings in the industry were technical positions • Aims to contibute to community and rural development by helping solve the job skills in the labor market
In global arena, TVE is recognized as the “master key to sustainable development.” • Response of DepEd to the demands of the global economy for the need of a highly skilled workforce. • Pres. Benigno Aquino III – “bring back technical-vocational eductaion in public high schools to better link schooling to local industry needs and employment.
Relative to STVEP, is the inclusion of ICT as one of the mandatory subjects and one of the component areas of Technology and Livelihood Education. • Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is radically transforming the way we live. • ICT is pervasive in our work, study and personal lives. • Learners are growing up in a world characterized by technological change and innovation.
Current Status and Structure of Vocational and Technical Education and Training (TVET)
Philosophy • A Technical-Vocational Secondary Education Program that provides utmost development of the individual as a total person equipped with technical-vocational and academic competencies, proper work ethics and desirable values that will make the person economically-stable, responsible, law abiding, productive and competitive in the world of work.
Vision - Mission • To create opportunities for high school students to acquire the necessary academic competence, technical-vocational skills, employable skills and other life skills needed to cope with the rapid change of technology in the knowledge-based economy • A globally competitive Technical-Vocational Secondary Education Program in a knowledge-based economy.
GOAL • A technical-vocational secondary education program that provides opportunities for high school graduates to acquire the necessary competencies and qualifications to pursue college education, post secondary education, venture into entrepreneurship, or be directly absorbed in the world of work.
Our Vision for ICT in Education • “21st Century Education For All Filipinos, Anytime, Anywhere. • This means an ICT-enabled education system that transforms students into dynamic life-long learners and values-centered, productive and responsible citizens. • ICT plays a major role in creating a new and improved model of teaching and learning where education happens anytime, anywhere.
completely integrate ICT into the curriculum, which includes the development of multimedia instructional materials, and ICT enabled assessment; • intensify competency based professional development programs;
establish the necessary ICT infrastructure and applications. • develop processes and systems that ensure efficient, transparent and effective governance;
The key thrusts of this strategy are: • Enhancing Curriculum • Empowering Teachers, Administrators, Officials and Students • Strengthening Schools, Governance and Management
ICT in DepED: past and present • 1996-10-Year Modernization Program (1996-2005) –computerization project and the School of the Future project -introduced use of information technology in the tecahing and learning process, educational management and operations • Previous to the adoption of this policy, DepEd introduced the use of radio broadcast in education in the 1960s and eductaional television in the 1970s
Through the help of Channel 4, the tulong Aral program of the 1980s was the first major initiative that combined the use of radio and tv in public basic education • Private sector initiatives: Kulit Bulilit and Batibot (these edutainment initiatives were not based on curriculum) • Private-public partnership in educational TV started in the 1990s with ABS-CBN Foundation’s Sine’Skwela and Foundation to Unpgrade Science Education’s Continuing Studies through Television (FUSE-CONSTEL)-
Sine’Skwela – a curriculum based children’s TV Program on Elementary Science • FUSE-CONSTEL –a teacher training program for high school teachers in English, Science and Math • Recently, the Philippine Government has shown commitment to ICT in education: -stressed the importance of ICT in improving education in the country. -increased adoption of ICT across education system
Major Issues, Challenges, and Future Directions The Project iDEP • iDEP is an acronym for Internet-based Distance Education Program. It is a creative and innovative program for secondary students and it is run by the Bureau of Secondary Education (BSE) of the Department of Education (DepEd) of the Republic of the Philippines. The project aims to develop functionally literate learners which are are also aligned with the goals of Education For All (EFA).
Specifically, it aims to increase participation rate and decrease Drop out rate. The program offers formal secondary eductaion to qualifying students using Internet-based technologies. The use of Internet-based teachnologies enables particular accredited secondary schools to create and manage classes completely on-line.
Limitations of Online Learning: Internet-based learning which makes learning faster, exciting and focused has serious limitation. • Being electronic, it is dependent on electricity. Any power interruption can shut down its operations. Moreover, it is not applicable to far-flung areas that have no electricity. • If the distance learner has no personal computer, then he has to depend on computers in school, which charge fee that he/she cannot afford.
Understanding the K-12 Basic Education Program “Education is the key to the long-term problems of the country. If we fix basic education, we fix the long-term problems of the country. And if we fix the country’s problems, we will build a truly strong society. . .” -Pres. Benigno Simeon C. Aquino III
K-6-4-2 System 2 years • Senior High School 4 years • Junior High School 6 years • Elementary 1 year • Kindergarten
Premises • Filipino learners, in order to be globally competitive, need to develop 21st century core skills( digital age literacy, inventive thinking, effective communication, and high productivity) and be functionally literate. • Aside from the development of 21st century core skills, the extended high school program should be packaged for the preparation of students for career and higher education. This is because secondary education is designed primarily to provide the transition from school to work and from school to further learning.
Premises • The curriculum shall be designed to provide a blended career and college preparatory program. Putting the two on the same level and blending them will enhance the seamless relationship between career and higher education and give them equal social and economic value.
GRADE 7 GRADE 8 GRADE 9 GRADE 10 GRADE 11 GRADE 12 Eng SPJ SPJ SPJ SPJ SPJ SPJ SPFL SPFL SPFL Fil SPFL Fil CORE CURRICULUM Sci ESEP ESEP ESEP ESEP ESEP ESEP S&T S&T S&T S&T S&T S&T Math MAPEH SPA SPA SPA SPA SPA SPA SPS SPS SPS SPS SPS SPS SS Contemporary Issues VE A-F IA TLE/ Tech-Voc APPLIED ENTREPRENEURSHIP ENTREPRENEURSHIP ICT HE CAREER PATHWAYS
Academic Specialization: Engineering/ Journalism/Foreign Language Tech-Voc Specialization Sports/Arts Specialization MODEL 2 Junior/Senior HS Curriculum
Completion of K to 12 education shall be compulsory for those who will go to college/university. • A full 12 years of basic education will be required for entry into tertiary level education by SY 2018-2019.
References: • DepEd ICT4E Strategic Plan, Department of Education, Philippines • Internet Based Distance Education Program (iDEP) Handbook, Department of Education, Philippines • National Competency-Based Teacher Standards (NCBTS), TSNA Primer and Toolkit Handbook, Department of Education, Philippines • SEC 2010, Department of Education, Philippines • The Strengthened Technical-Vocational Education Program (STVEP) • Michael Trocano. Knowldege Maps: ICT in Education Washington, DC: WB, 2005. Available at: http://www.infodev.org/en/Publication.8.html
THANK YOU FOR LISTENING! MABUHAY!