Adoption as a child protection mechanism for vulnerable children in Southern Africa Luke Lamprecht JCAF
Child Rights • We all have a negative obligation • Family as the primary vehicle for realising our positive obligation: • 28. Children • Every child has the right • to a name and a nationality from birth; • to family care or parental care, or to appropriate alternative care when removed from the family environment; • to basic nutrition, shelter, …
Policy to practice • Social development policy: • Recognition of the centrality of family • Family preservation • Family reunification • Biological and extended families • Psychological families (Legal options)
Cont… • “in need of care” and reasons for removal and placement options • AAAA’s • Care plan • IDP • Permanency plan • Reunification (biological and extended) • Adoption • Foster care/s • Institutionalisation • Timing is everything
Why is this important? • Nature vs Nurture • Attachment as the basis of personality development and relationships • Relationships and the WAR cycle • The effects of institutionalisation on brain development • Trauma (single and compound) as an aggravating circumstance. • “Good enough parenting” as protective factor.
Risk and Reward • Needs of the child • Needs and expectations of the adoptive family • Screening and Matching • Systemic considerations: Legislation, register, belonging, culture. • Expectations, support and “giving back” (The child or to society) • Empathy and humanity • On-going support and therapy
Cont… • Case 1: Adoption process as pregnancy and birth. (DS) • Case 2: Adoption as a way to fill a hole (KN and W)