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Chapter 2: American Society and Its Values - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Chapter 2: American Society and Its Values. Chapter Links. Section 1 “Groups and Institutions”. Section 2 “Society’s Training Grounds”. Section 3 “The Economy”. Section 4 “Government: Meeting Society’s Needs”. Section 1 “Groups and Institutions”. Participating in a Group.

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Chapter 2: American Society and Its Values


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    1. Chapter 2: American Society and Its Values Civics: Government and Economics in Action

    2. Chapter Links Section 1 “Groups and Institutions” Section 2 “Society’s Training Grounds” Section 3 “The Economy” Section 4 “Government: Meeting Society’s Needs” Civics: Government and Economics in Action

    3. Section 1 “Groups and Institutions” Civics: Government and Economics in Action

    4. Participating in a Group • Becoming a Group Member • Socialization: the process of learning how to participate in a group • Following a Group’s Rules • Rules: specific expectations about what our behavior should be. Civics: Government and Economics in Action

    5. Social Institutions • Social Institutions • Systems of values and rules that determine how our society is organized. • Five Social Institutions: • Family • Education • Religion • Government • Economy Civics: Government and Economics in Action

    6. Section 2 “Society’s Training Grounds” Civics: Government and Economics in Action

    7. The Family • Family • The most basic social institution in any society • Blended Families • Families made up of adults and their children from previous marriages. • Rules of Daily Life • The family is where you learn many of the rules that govern your life. • Family Benefits Society Civics: Government and Economics in Action

    8. Religion • A Sense of Community • Religions give their members a feeling of being part of a community of people who have similar goals and similar ways of looking at life. • Rules to Live By • Every religion has a moral code that sets expectations for people’s behaviors and helps them judge right from wrong. • Conflicting Religious Values • Not all religions share the same values and rules • Sometimes this may lead to conflict Civics: Government and Economics in Action

    9. Civics: Government and Economics in Action

    10. Education • Why People Need Education • To prepare for a career, to obtain a comfortable life, and to develop a sense of self-worth. • Meeting Society’s Needs • Society needs to train its citizens to do the work of keeping society functioning • Teaching Young Citizens • Education’s Rewards Civics: Government and Economics in Action

    11. Section 3 “The Economy” Civics: Government and Economics in Action

    12. The American Economy • Economy • A system for producing and distributing goods and services to fulfill people’s wants • Our Economy • Consumer: a person who uses or consumes, goods and services to satisfy his wants. • Market: place where people exchange goods or services. • Price: the amount you must pay for a good or a service. • Money: anything (from beads to coins) which is generally accepted as payment for a good or a service. Civics: Government and Economics in Action

    13. American Economic Freedoms Civics: Government and Economics in Action

    14. America’s Economy and You • Fairness • If you make an agreement to do a job, sell a product, or pay a worker, you may not break it. • Freedom • America’s economic system gives people the freedom to make their own choices. Civics: Government and Economics in Action

    15. Section 4: “Government: Meeting Society’s Needs” Civics: Government and Economics in Action

    16. The Role of Government • Anarchy (Lack of Government) • Without government, there would be chaos • Some of Government’s Functions • Keeping the Peace • Protecting the Country • Providing Necessary services • Maintaining other Institutions Civics: Government and Economics in Action

    17. Forms of Government Civics: Government and Economics in Action

    18. Laws: The Rules of Government • Following and Breaking Laws • Laws are the formal rules that govern our behavior in society. • Many of the most basic laws were first written in the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. • Changing the Laws • Citizens have the right to change laws or make new laws when they feel it is necessary. • Changes to the Constitution are called “Amendments” Civics: Government and Economics in Action

    19. Political Socialization • Patriotism • The demonstration of love and devotion to one’s country. • For example, displaying the American Flag. • Political Socialization • The Process of learning how to behave politically. Civics: Government and Economics in Action