Bhuj Earthquake India . Presented by - Abhishek R. Dangi M.Tech (DAM) MNIT, Jaipur. I. Gujarat : Disaster on a day of celebration. 51 st Republic Day on January 26, 2001. Earthquake: Gujarat, India. January 26, 2001. Gujarat 2001. 7.9 on the Richter scale.
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Presented by -
Abhishek R. Dangi
51st Republic Day on January 26, 2001
January 26, 2001
7.9 on the Richter scale.
8.46 AM January 26th
Earthquake: 8:46am on January 26, 2001
Epicenter: Near Bhuj in Gujarat, India
Magnitude: 7.9 on the Richter Scale
Indian Plate Sub ducting beneath Eurasian Plate
Compression Stress between region’s faults
Probable Fault: Kachchh Mainland
Fault Type: Reverse Dip-Slip
The earthquake’s epicentre was 20km from Bhuj. A city with a population of 140,000 in 2001. The city is in the region known as the Kutch region. The effects of the earthquake were also felt on the north side of the Pakistan border, in Pakistan 18 people were killed.
The earthquake was caused at the convergent plate boundary between the Indian plate and the Eurasian plate boundary. These pushed together and caused the earthquake. However as Bhuj is in an intraplate zone, the earthquake was not expected, this is one of the reasons so many buildings were destroyed – because people did not build to earthquake resistant standards in an area earthquakes were not thought to occur. In addition the Gujarat earthquake is an excellent example of liquefaction, causing buildings to ‘sink’ into the ground which gains a consistency of a liquid due to the frequency of the earthquake.
56% of the total area of the Indian Republic is vulnerable to seismic activity.
This was the major cause of the percentage of crops which were destroyed. Groundwater was brought to the surface by the frequency of the quake…the groundwater then flowed away in the Indian ocean, as such even months and years later the water table in the region has a reduced quantity and crop yields are still less plentiful then pre-quake years. The purple spots represent this water.
Search and rescue operations
International Community – Response
Response within the country
First impressions of shelters
This requires close collaboration between the Urban Development Department and the Office of the Settlement Commissioner, under whom the City Survey Department and the District Inspector of Land Records work.
Town planning schemes are a legislative mechanism with which the government physically reorganizes parcels of land in a given jurisdiction, retaining a small portion of land from each plot to create new streets and open spaces.