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Chapter Three THE RESEARCH PROCESS. Research Process. Development of Research questions Research Proposal Data Collection Data Analysis Research Report. The Management-Research Question Hierarchy. 6. Management Decision. 5. Measurement Questions. 4. Investigative Questions. 3.

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research process
Research Process
  • Development of Research questions
  • Research Proposal
  • Data Collection
  • Data Analysis
  • Research Report
the management research question hierarchy
The Management-ResearchQuestion Hierarchy

6

Management Decision

5

Measurement Questions

4

Investigative Questions

3

Management Questions

2

Research Questions

1

Management Dilemma

working with the hierarchy
Working with the Hierarchy
  • Management Dilemma
    • The symptom of an actual problem
    • Not difficult to identify a dilemma, however choosing one to focus on may be difficult

Management Question Categories

    • Choice of purposes or objective
    • Generation and evaluation of solutions
    • Troubleshooting or control situation
working with the hierarchy5
Working with the Hierarchy
  • Research Questions
    • Hypothesis of choice that best states the objectives of the research study
  • Fine-tuning the research questions is necessary
    • Examine concepts and constructs
    • Break research questions into specific second-and-third-level questions
    • Verify hypotheses with quality tests
    • Determine what evidence answers the various questions and hypothesis
    • Set the scope of your study
working with the hierarchy6
Working with the Hierarchy
  • Investigative Questions
    • Questions the researcher must answer to satisfactorily arrive at a conclusion about the research question
working with the hierarchy7
Working with the Hierarchy
  • Measurement Questions
    • The questions we actually ask or extract from respondents or data
research process problems
Research Process Problems
  • The Favored Technique Syndrome
  • Company Database Strip-Mining
  • Unresearchable Questions
  • Ill-Defined Management Problems
  • Politically Motivated Research
designing the study
Designing the Study
  • Research Design
    • Select a research design from the large variety of methods, techniques, procedures,and protocols.
  • Sampling Design
    • Estimating population values
    • Testing statistical hypotheses
resource allocation budgets cost
Resource Allocation & Budgets: Cost
  • Guides to plan a budget
    • Project planning
    • Data gathering
    • Analysis, interpretation, and reporting
  • Types of budgeting
    • Rule-of-thumb
    • Departmental or functional area
    • Task
evaluation methods benefit
Evaluation Methods :Benefit
  • Ex Post Facto Evaluation
  • Prior or Interim Evaluation
  • Option Analysis (Cost-benefit analysis)
    • Several alternatives
  • Decision Theory
    • Selection according to a chosen decision rule.
contents of a research proposal
Contents of a Research Proposal
  • Statement of the research question
  • Brief description of research methodology
  • Pilot Testing
  • Data collection
  • Data preparation
  • Data analysis and interpretation
  • Research reporting
data collection
Data Collection
  • Characterized by
    • abstractness
    • verifiability
    • elusiveness
    • closeness to the phenomenon
  • Types
    • Secondary data
    • Primary data
final steps in research
Final Steps in Research
  • Data analysis
  • Reporting the results
    • Executive summary
    • Overview of the research (or main body of research)
    • Implementation strategies for the recommendations
    • Technical appendix