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The Skeletal System. Sabrina Pralle , Emre Taner , Simone Frandsen and Breanna McGuire. The Basics. Long bones produce red blood cells Provides support and structure for locomotion Protection of major organs Bones are the major organs of the skeletal system

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the skeletal system

The Skeletal System

Sabrina Pralle, EmreTaner, Simone Frandsen and Breanna McGuire

the basics
The Basics
  • Long bones produce red blood cells
  • Provides support and structure for locomotion
  • Protection of major organs
  • Bones are the major organs of the skeletal system
  • There are two main divisions on the skeletal system
minerals present
Minerals present
  • Calcium
  • Potassium
  • Manganese
  • Magnesium
  • Silica
  • Iron
  • Zinc
  • Selenium
  • Boron
  • Phosphorus
  • Sulfur
  • Chromium
types of bone
Types of Bone
  • Flat
    • Thin and relatively flat but may be curved
      • EX: Sternum
  • Irregular
    • Is not regular in shaped
      • EX: Vertebra
  • Long
    • Longer than they are wide
      • EX: Femur
  • Short
    • Almost as wide as they are long
      • EX: Carpal bones

http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/humanbody/body/interactives/3djigsaw_02/index.shtml?skeleton

different layers of the bone
Different Layers of the Bone
  • Epiphyses
  • Epiphyseal Plate/Epiphyseal line
  • Diaphysis
  • Red marrow
  • Articular cartilage
  • Periosteum
  • Medullary cavity
  • Yellow marrow
  • Endosteum
  • Osteoblasts and osteoclasts
types of joints
Types of Joints
  • Hinge
  • Pivot
  • Saddle
  • Ball-and-socket
  • Condyloid
  • Planar (gliding)
types of cartilage
Types of Cartilage
  • Hyaline
  • Fibrocartilage
  • Elastic
functions of cartilage
Functions of Cartilage
  • Cushions joints
  • Flexibility and the capacity to bend
  • Resilience and give
disorders diseases deficiencies
Disorders, diseases, deficiencies
  • Osteoporosis
  • Arthritis
  • Polydactyl
  • Calcium deposits/ deficiencies
  • Bone spurs
  • Osteogenesisimperfecta
  • Bone cancer
  • Bursitis
  • Scoliosis
  • Fractures
websites
WEBSITES
  • copy.jpgvetmed.vt.edu
  • siumed.edu
  • graphicshunt.com
  • http://www.mamashealth.com/bones/
  • http://www.google.com/imgres?q=scoliosis&um=1&hl=en&sa=N&rls=com.microsoft:en-us:IE-SearchBox&tbm=isch&tbnid=2D0ZMmthATCqXM:&imgrefurl=http://www.nortonhealthcare.com/scoliosis&docid=p75ZnNQSyojhuM&imgurl=http://www.nortonhealthcare.com/images/spine_scoliosis.jpg&w=428&h=320&ei=DA5JUMXEH8rwigLMuYDgDg&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=692&vpy=192&dur=1248&hovh=194&hovw=260&tx=140&ty=117&sig=115156691500589425779&page=1&tbnh=151&tbnw=201&start=0&ndsp=24&ved=1t:429,r:3,s:0,i:150&biw=1280&bih=882