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Research Activities in Soil Biodiversity at the Joint Research Centre. Simon Jeffery and Ciro Gardi EUROPEAN COMMISSION JOINT RESEARCH CENTRE Institute for Environment and Sustainability TP 280 I-21020 Ispra (VA), Italy. Provide scientific support to policy regarding soil biodiversity

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Research Activities in Soil Biodiversity at the Joint Research Centre

Simon Jeffery and Ciro Gardi

EUROPEAN COMMISSION

JOINT RESEARCH CENTRE

Institute for Environment and Sustainability

TP 280

I-21020 Ispra (VA), Italy

Ispra, 2009

our role
Provide scientific support to policy regarding soil biodiversity

“To fill the information gaps and enhance awareness of the importance of soil biodiversity for land-use practices, food security, climate change mitigation, provision of critical ecosystem services and environmental protection”

Our Role

Ispra, 2009

our role cont
To develop common criteria for the measurement of soil biodiversity

To develop, on the basis of existing data, a first version of a new Pan-European soil biodiversity database as a component of the European Soil Data Centre (ESDAC)

Our Role Cont.

Ispra, 2009

soil biodiversity in europe
Atlas / book of soil biodiversity in Europe

Including contributions from experts from a range of European countries

Possibly also include maps detailing soil biodiversity in Europe and its threats

Database of soil biodiversity in Europe

Combining data from primary literature

Any contributions welcome!

Inventory of ongoing soil biodiversity activities

Soil Biodiversity in Europe

Ispra, 2009

awareness raising activities
Production of soil biodiversity leaflet and booklet

Circulated to the press and attendees at AAAS, DG Env.

More will be circulated at JRC open day

Several activities are so far planned for the JRC open day

Awareness Raising Activities

Ispra, 2009

mapping
Areas of soil biodiversity under threat

Requires identification and weighting of threats

Current levels of soil biodiversity in Europe

Data sparse and often highly heterogeneous at European scale

Involvement in the Eco-Regions WG

(in collaboration with EFSA)

Mapping

Ispra, 2009

other proposed future activities
Soil biodiversity in extreme environments

Workshop at retreating glacier

Soil exposed for different lengths of time function allows investigation of succession

Work on relatively simple communities in newly exposed soils allows easier identification of interactions

JRC Open Day

Aimed at raising awareness of soil biodiversity among the general public

Ideas and contributions welcome

Other Proposed Future Activities

Ispra, 2009

biochar
Biochar investigation group lead by Frank Verheijen started at JRC.

Extensive study of all aspects including interactions and feedbacks between Biochar and soil biodiversity

Aiming to provide reference point for policy at Copenhagen November 2009

Biochar

Ispra, 2009

slide9
Possible contributions

of Soil Biodiversity Working Group

to JRC activities

Ciro Gardi and Simon Jeffery

EUROPEAN COMMISSION

JOINT RESEARCH CENTRE

Institute for Environment and Sustainability

TP 280

I-21020 Ispra (VA), Italy

Ispra, 2009

slide10
Book on Soil Biodiversity in Europe

Definition of research needs

Definition/ranking of soil biodiversity threats

Survey of soil biodiversity monitoring activities

Data-base on soil biodiversity in Europe

Ispra, 2009

book on soil biodiversity in europe1
Book on Soil Biodiversity in Europe
  • The role of soil biodiversity within the International Convention on Biological Diversity (Mulongoy, Coates).
  • Relationships between biological diversity and functions in soil (Ritz, Jeffery)
  • Main threats on soil biodiversity and evidence of its decline in Europe + Maps of interaction with soil degradation process (Gardi, …).
  • Soil microbial communities investigation: tools and methodology (Jeffery, Lemanceau, Ranjard)
  • Soil fauna investigation: tools and methodology (Sousa, Rombke, Cluzeau, Jacomini, Menta)
  • Approaches to soil biodiversity inventory and monitoring (Bispo, Arrouays, )
  • Definition of background values for soil biodiversity (Rutgers)
  • The EU funded research related to soil biodiversity (JRC)
  • The ongoing initiatives (JRC [Gardi and Jeffery]and other possible contributors)
  • Raising awareness on soil biodiversity (Broll)
  • The economy of soil biodiversity (Krogh)
  • Soil biodiversity and sustainable agriculture (Licona Manzur, Bunning)
  • Invasive species and soil biodiversity (van Der Putten, Hol)
  • Energy crops and soil biodiversity (Schmidt, )
  • Research needs and future steps (JRC and other contibutors)

Ispra, 2009

definition of research needs
Soil Biodiversity (SB) and Ecosystem Services and Functions ??

Economic evaluation of soil services ??

Agriculture, soil management and SB ??

Soil degradation processes and SB ??

Definition/ranking of soil biodiversity threats ??

Survey of soil biodiversity monitoring activities ??

Data-base on soil biodiversity in Europe ??

Definition of research needs

Ispra, 2009

thank you for your attention
Marcin Pawinski

Steve Hopkin

Thank you for your attention

Lewis J Deacon

Karl Ritz

Soil Biodiversity Workshop

Ispra, Italy. 2-3 March 2009

Ispra, 2009

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