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THRUST AREAS FOR KHARIF CROPS AND IMPORTANT INTERVENTIONS FOR FOOD SECURITY WITH SPECIAL FOCUS ON RICE AND WHEAT PRODUCTION. National Conference on Agriculture for Kharif Campaign-2007 3-4 th April, 2007. Dr. N.B. Singh Agriculture Commissioner Department of Agriculture & Cooperation.

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THRUST AREAS FOR KHARIF CROPS AND IMPORTANT INTERVENTIONS FOR FOOD SECURITY WITH SPECIAL FOCUS ON RICE AND WHEAT PRODUCTION

National Conference on Agriculture for Kharif Campaign-2007

3-4th April, 2007

Dr. N.B. Singh

Agriculture Commissioner

Department of Agriculture & Cooperation

slide3

TREND OF AREA, PRODUCTION AND YIELD OF FOODGRAINS

( 3 years moving averages)

Kg/ha

m. tones

m.ha

region wise share of area and production of rice
REGION WISE SHARE OF AREA AND PRODUCTION OF RICE

SHARE OF NORTHERN ZONE IN RICE

AREA

PRODUCTION

northern

northern

others

others

eastern

eastern

yield gap in different crops
Yield Gap in different crops

* Lint x 3 = Kapas

Note: Potential Yield is the average yield of 5 years (1996-2000) of 5 best entries in Advance Varietal Trial – II of All India Coordinated Trials

Reference: Agriculture Situation in India, August’2002 pp 259-266

yield gap in pulses
Yield Gap in Pulses

Source : Expert Committee Report on Pulses (TMOP) / MOA

slide12

Wide spread deficiency of zinc

Source: IISS, Bhopal(ICAR)

slide13

Deficiency of Manganese

Source: IISS, Bhopal

slide14

Widespread Boron deficiency

Source: IISS, Bhopal (ICAR)

rice thrust areas and required interventions
Rice: Thrust Areas and Required Interventions

Major States: W B( 5.8 m ha, 14.86 m.t.); U.P: (5.6 m ha,11..13 m.t.); Orissa: (4.5 m ha,6.75 m. t.)A.P.: (4.0 m ha ,11.69 m.t.); Punjab( 2.6 m ha, 10..19 m.t.), Hary: ( 1.05 m ha,3..21 m.t.)

slide17

SYSTEM OF RICE INTENSIFICATION (SRI) METHOD

-Alsoknown as ‘Medagaskar’ system

- 10-12 days old seedlings are transplanted

- Flooding of land avoided. A wet and dry cycle is followed at interval to maintain soil moisture

- Weed management through harrow /rotavation/ weedicides

- Channels are prepared after every 10 to 15 m for drainage

- Can be easily adopted in assured irrigated areas in all States

identified potential districts for enhancing production productivity of rice

Identified potential districts for enhancing production & productivity of rice

A.P. : Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, Mahboobnagar, Medak, Visakhapatnam.

Bihar:Buxar, Rohtas, Bhojpur, Katihar, Nalanda, Banka, Shekpura, Madhepura, Saharsa, Araria, Supaul, Madhubhani, Khagaria

Chhattisgarh: Jashpur, Korba, Mahasamund, Raigarh, Raipur, Sarguja

Haryana: Ambala, Yamunangar, Kaithal, Panipat, Jind, Sonepat, Karnal

Jharkhand:Dumka, Singhbhum (E), Singhbhum (W), Ranchi, Gumla

Karnataka: Chikmagalur, Hassan, Gulbarga, Shimoga, Udupi, Haveri, Uttarakanada, Belgau

M.P.:Gwalior, Balaghat

Orissa:Bolangir, Angul, Kalahandi, Keonjhar, Cuttack, Jajpur, Kendrapara, Malkangiri, Sundergarh, Mayurbhanj, Puri, Ganjam, Balasore

Punjab:Jalandhar, Nuvansahar, Kapurthala, Ropar, Amritsar, Hosiarpur, Gurdaspur

T. N.: Puddukotai, Perambadur, Thanjavur, Thiruvannamalai, Virdhunagar, Sivganga, Nagapattinam, Thiruvanur

U.P.:Badaun, Bahraich, Balia, Balrampur, Fatehpur, Gorakhpur, Hardoi, Kanpur city, Mainpuri, Mau, Pratapgarh, Raibareli, Saravasti, Sitapur, Siddarthnagar, Sonbhadra, Unnao, Jaunpur, Allahabad, Sultanpur

W.B.: Burdwan, Nadia, Mushirabad, 24 Paraganas (N), Malda, Coochbehar

thrust areas and interventions required for wheat
Thrust Areas and Interventions Required for Wheat

Major States: U.P.(9.2 m ha ,23.57 m.t.); Punjab: ( 3.5 m ha,14.49 m.t.); Haryana: (2.3 ha, 8.88 m.t.); M.P. (3.7 m ha, 5.96 m.t.); Raj (2.1 m ha ,5.86 m.t.); Bihar (2.0 m ha,3.66 m.t.); Mah (1.1 m ha,1.45 m.t.)

slide21

Progress of sowing of wheat during 2006-07

Weekly growth (%)

2006-07 29.53

2005-06 40.43

2006-07

2005-06

further action for varietal development and agronomic practices in wheat
Further Action for Varietal Development and Agronomic practices in Wheat
  • Development of new varieties that are terminal heat tolerant
  • Development of suitable varieties with higher yield potential replacing currently grown varieties in areas like Punjab & Haryana i.e. PBW 343
  • Development of early maturing cotton varieties in cotton-wheat system to enable farmers in timely sowing of wheat
  • Development of Agronomic practices to mitigate the fluctuating / high temperature during crop season.
slide23

Strategy for Pulses Production

  • Short term measures :Area Expansion : 2 Million ha
  • Intercropping withMaize, cotton, Sugarcane, Groundnut and soybean with Tur, blackgram and greengram
  • Target Fallow land : Kharif Fallow, Rice Fallows, Summer / Spring season
  • Introduce short duration Varieties in existing cropping systems i.e. Tur in Rice - Wheat rotation in Western U.P., Punjab, Haryana
  • - Increase area under short duration pigeon pea in Maharashtra, Gujarat, M.P., Karnataka, A.P. and T.N
slide24

Targeted Area Expansion of Pulses in Potential States

Kharif

Pigeon Pea :M.P. 1.0 Lha, U.P. 0.56 Lha, Bihar 0.25 Lha, Orissa 0.5 Lha, Maharashtra 1.0 Lha, A.P. 0.50 Lha, Karnataka 0.5 Lha, Chattisgarh 0.2 Lha, Gujarat 0.5 Lha.

Green Gram/ Blackgram:U.P. 1.20 Lha, Rajasthan 1.5 Lha, Maharashtra 2.7 Lha, Karnataka 1.5 Lha, A.P. 1.0 Lha, Orissa 0.2 Lha, Tamil Nadu 0.5 Lha.

Rabi :

Gram:M.P: 2.0 Lha, U.P. 1.0 Lha, Rajasthan 1.0 Lha, Maharashtra 0.5 Lha, A.P. 1.50 Lha, Chattisgarh 0.25 Lha, Orissa 0.2 Lha, Bihar 0.5 Lha, Tamil Nadu 0.5 Lha.

Lentil :M.P. 0.2 Lha, U.P. 0.5 Lha, Bihar 0.5 Lha.

Kharif : 1.4 million ha ; Rabi :0.8 million ha

slide25

STRATEGY FOR ENHANCING PRODUCTIVITY OF PULSES

(i)Targetseed replacement rate from 30 to 35 %

(ii) A National Campaign for seed treatment with fungicide and Rhizobium culture (Both liquid and solid base) to enhance productivity by 10 to 15%

(iii) Ridge planting in Eastern States and black soils of Southern States

(iv) Application of phosphatic fertilizers and need based micro-nutrients i.e boron, zinc and sulphur

(v) Minimize losses from pod borer damage through effective IPM (Bio-pesticides/pesticides/inter cropping)

(vi) Promote sprinkler irrigation to provide one or two life saving irrigation

slide26

STRATEGY FOR QUALITY SEEDS PRODUCTION OF PULSES

* Double the quality seed in next 3 years.

* Target 30% increase in breeder seed in 2007-08

* Incentives for seed production and distribution to be raised to 50% from 25%.

* Involve private sector and extend necessary support for infrastructure for pulses seed production.

* Other agencies like NAFED, IFFCO to scale up seed production of pulses.

exploitable yield reservoir in oilseeds
Exploitable yield reservoir in Oilseeds

IT= Improved Technology; FP= Farmer’s Practice; NA= National average.

slide28

INTERVENTIONS REQUIRED FOR OILSEEDS

  • SOYBEAN AND GROUNDNUT: Soybean area 7.5 m ha
  • Groundnut area 7 m ha
  • Enhance seed replacement rate to 30%
  • (ii) Seed treatment with fungicides and Rizhobium culture as major initiative
  • (iii) Promote the use of sulphur and phasphatic fertilizers
  • (iv) Timely planting using seed cum ferti drill
  • Intercrop pigeon peawith soybean and groundnut to enhance per unit return
  • IPM for pest management
cotton causes for low productivity and required interventions
Cotton: Causes for low productivity and required interventions

Major States: Guj. (2.08 m ha, 8.9 m.b) Mah. (2.89 m ha, 3.6 m.b), A.P.,(1.04 m ha, 3.0 m.b) Pun, (0.56 m ha, 2.1 m. b)

sugarcane causes for low productivity and required interventions
Sugarcane: Causes for low productivity and required interventions

Major States: U.P.,(2.16 m ha, 121.53 m t) Mah,(0.54 m ha 36.20 m t ) TN,(0.34 m ha, 36.62 m t) Guj, (0.20 m ha, 14.77 m t )

slide32

Thrust areas for Maize, Sorghum and Pearl millets: (30 million ha area)

* Promote single cross hybrids for higher productivity in maize

* Promote Ridge Planting in Eastern India

* Promote short duration hybrids in place of local varieties in pearl millets and sorghum

* Use broad bed furrow system specially in black soils for better management of water

* Increase area under maize in hill States, U.P., Bihar, T.N., A.P and Punjab

jute technology mission jtm 2006

Jute Technology Mission (JTM): 2006

Objective: To increase production and quality of jute and allied fiber

States Covered: 10 States viz.; A.P. , Assam ,Bihar, Meghalaya,Orissa, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Tripura.

Important components and Funding Pattern (90: 10)

Production &supply of seeds

Demonstration on production , IPM & retting technology

Training of farmers & extension workers

Supply of farm implements / sprayers

Creation of retting facilities

Setting up of de-gumming & de-corticating units for ramie

slide34

Over all Thrust Areas for Kharif 2007

(i)Develop a strategy to fully exploit the potential of different agro-climatic regions to increase production of kharif crops in general and rice in particular

(ii) Bring additional 2 million ha area under pulses through intercropping and use of fallow lands

(iii) A planned approach forSeed production of newly released hybrids of rice and maize

(iv) Promotion of ridge furrow system of planting specially in black soils

(v) Adopt seed treatment as a major initiative to ensure early crop growth

(vi) Rigorous measures and monitoring to ensure quality of input i.e. seed, pesticide , fertilizers

(vii) Special emphasis for raising the productivity of Oilseeds and pulses through mission mode approach