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THRUST AREAS FOR KHARIF CROPS AND IMPORTANT INTERVENTIONS FOR FOOD SECURITY WITH SPECIAL FOCUS ON RICE AND WHEAT PRODUCTION National Conference on Agriculture for Kharif Campaign-2007 3-4th April, 2007 Dr. N.B. Singh Agriculture Commissioner Department of Agriculture & Cooperation
TREND OF AREA, PRODUCTION AND YIELD OF FOODGRAINS ( 3 years moving averages) Kg/ha m. tones m.ha
PRODUCTION AND PRODUCTIVTY OFKHARIF & RABI FOODGRAINS *Second Advance Estimates
REGION WISE SHARE OF AREA AND PRODUCTION OF RICE SHARE OF NORTHERN ZONE IN RICE AREA PRODUCTION northern northern others others eastern eastern
Region-wise share of Area and Production of wheat Area Production
Growth Performance of Cereals and Total Foodgrains during 1990-91 to 2005-06
Yield Gap in different crops * Lint x 3 = Kapas Note: Potential Yield is the average yield of 5 years (1996-2000) of 5 best entries in Advance Varietal Trial – II of All India Coordinated Trials Reference: Agriculture Situation in India, August’2002 pp 259-266
Yield Gap in Pulses Source : Expert Committee Report on Pulses (TMOP) / MOA
Wide spread deficiency of zinc Source: IISS, Bhopal(ICAR)
Deficiency of Manganese Source: IISS, Bhopal
Widespread Boron deficiency Source: IISS, Bhopal (ICAR)
Rice: Thrust Areas and Required Interventions Major States: W B( 5.8 m ha, 14.86 m.t.); U.P: (5.6 m ha,11..13 m.t.); Orissa: (4.5 m ha,6.75 m. t.)A.P.: (4.0 m ha ,11.69 m.t.); Punjab( 2.6 m ha, 10..19 m.t.), Hary: ( 1.05 m ha,3..21 m.t.)
SYSTEM OF RICE INTENSIFICATION (SRI) METHOD -Alsoknown as ‘Medagaskar’ system - 10-12 days old seedlings are transplanted - Flooding of land avoided. A wet and dry cycle is followed at interval to maintain soil moisture - Weed management through harrow /rotavation/ weedicides - Channels are prepared after every 10 to 15 m for drainage - Can be easily adopted in assured irrigated areas in all States
IDENTIFIED POTENTIAL DISTRICTS (100) FOR ENHANCING PRODUCTIVITY OF RICE
Identified potential districts for enhancing production & productivity of rice A.P. : Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, Mahboobnagar, Medak, Visakhapatnam. Bihar:Buxar, Rohtas, Bhojpur, Katihar, Nalanda, Banka, Shekpura, Madhepura, Saharsa, Araria, Supaul, Madhubhani, Khagaria Chhattisgarh: Jashpur, Korba, Mahasamund, Raigarh, Raipur, Sarguja Haryana: Ambala, Yamunangar, Kaithal, Panipat, Jind, Sonepat, Karnal Jharkhand:Dumka, Singhbhum (E), Singhbhum (W), Ranchi, Gumla Karnataka: Chikmagalur, Hassan, Gulbarga, Shimoga, Udupi, Haveri, Uttarakanada, Belgau M.P.:Gwalior, Balaghat Orissa:Bolangir, Angul, Kalahandi, Keonjhar, Cuttack, Jajpur, Kendrapara, Malkangiri, Sundergarh, Mayurbhanj, Puri, Ganjam, Balasore Punjab:Jalandhar, Nuvansahar, Kapurthala, Ropar, Amritsar, Hosiarpur, Gurdaspur T. N.: Puddukotai, Perambadur, Thanjavur, Thiruvannamalai, Virdhunagar, Sivganga, Nagapattinam, Thiruvanur U.P.:Badaun, Bahraich, Balia, Balrampur, Fatehpur, Gorakhpur, Hardoi, Kanpur city, Mainpuri, Mau, Pratapgarh, Raibareli, Saravasti, Sitapur, Siddarthnagar, Sonbhadra, Unnao, Jaunpur, Allahabad, Sultanpur W.B.: Burdwan, Nadia, Mushirabad, 24 Paraganas (N), Malda, Coochbehar
Thrust Areas and Interventions Required for Wheat Major States: U.P.(9.2 m ha ,23.57 m.t.); Punjab: ( 3.5 m ha,14.49 m.t.); Haryana: (2.3 ha, 8.88 m.t.); M.P. (3.7 m ha, 5.96 m.t.); Raj (2.1 m ha ,5.86 m.t.); Bihar (2.0 m ha,3.66 m.t.); Mah (1.1 m ha,1.45 m.t.)
Progress of sowing of wheat during 2006-07 Weekly growth (%) 2006-07 29.53 2005-06 40.43 2006-07 2005-06
Further Action for Varietal Development and Agronomic practices in Wheat • Development of new varieties that are terminal heat tolerant • Development of suitable varieties with higher yield potential replacing currently grown varieties in areas like Punjab & Haryana i.e. PBW 343 • Development of early maturing cotton varieties in cotton-wheat system to enable farmers in timely sowing of wheat • Development of Agronomic practices to mitigate the fluctuating / high temperature during crop season.
Strategy for Pulses Production • Short term measures :Area Expansion : 2 Million ha • Intercropping withMaize, cotton, Sugarcane, Groundnut and soybean with Tur, blackgram and greengram • Target Fallow land : Kharif Fallow, Rice Fallows, Summer / Spring season • Introduce short duration Varieties in existing cropping systems i.e. Tur in Rice - Wheat rotation in Western U.P., Punjab, Haryana • - Increase area under short duration pigeon pea in Maharashtra, Gujarat, M.P., Karnataka, A.P. and T.N
Targeted Area Expansion of Pulses in Potential States Kharif Pigeon Pea :M.P. 1.0 Lha, U.P. 0.56 Lha, Bihar 0.25 Lha, Orissa 0.5 Lha, Maharashtra 1.0 Lha, A.P. 0.50 Lha, Karnataka 0.5 Lha, Chattisgarh 0.2 Lha, Gujarat 0.5 Lha. Green Gram/ Blackgram:U.P. 1.20 Lha, Rajasthan 1.5 Lha, Maharashtra 2.7 Lha, Karnataka 1.5 Lha, A.P. 1.0 Lha, Orissa 0.2 Lha, Tamil Nadu 0.5 Lha. Rabi : Gram:M.P: 2.0 Lha, U.P. 1.0 Lha, Rajasthan 1.0 Lha, Maharashtra 0.5 Lha, A.P. 1.50 Lha, Chattisgarh 0.25 Lha, Orissa 0.2 Lha, Bihar 0.5 Lha, Tamil Nadu 0.5 Lha. Lentil :M.P. 0.2 Lha, U.P. 0.5 Lha, Bihar 0.5 Lha. Kharif : 1.4 million ha ; Rabi :0.8 million ha
STRATEGY FOR ENHANCING PRODUCTIVITY OF PULSES (i)Targetseed replacement rate from 30 to 35 % (ii) A National Campaign for seed treatment with fungicide and Rhizobium culture (Both liquid and solid base) to enhance productivity by 10 to 15% (iii) Ridge planting in Eastern States and black soils of Southern States (iv) Application of phosphatic fertilizers and need based micro-nutrients i.e boron, zinc and sulphur (v) Minimize losses from pod borer damage through effective IPM (Bio-pesticides/pesticides/inter cropping) (vi) Promote sprinkler irrigation to provide one or two life saving irrigation
STRATEGY FOR QUALITY SEEDS PRODUCTION OF PULSES * Double the quality seed in next 3 years. * Target 30% increase in breeder seed in 2007-08 * Incentives for seed production and distribution to be raised to 50% from 25%. * Involve private sector and extend necessary support for infrastructure for pulses seed production. * Other agencies like NAFED, IFFCO to scale up seed production of pulses.
Exploitable yield reservoir in Oilseeds IT= Improved Technology; FP= Farmer’s Practice; NA= National average.
INTERVENTIONS REQUIRED FOR OILSEEDS • SOYBEAN AND GROUNDNUT: Soybean area 7.5 m ha • Groundnut area 7 m ha • Enhance seed replacement rate to 30% • (ii) Seed treatment with fungicides and Rizhobium culture as major initiative • (iii) Promote the use of sulphur and phasphatic fertilizers • (iv) Timely planting using seed cum ferti drill • Intercrop pigeon peawith soybean and groundnut to enhance per unit return • IPM for pest management
Cotton: Causes for low productivity and required interventions Major States: Guj. (2.08 m ha, 8.9 m.b) Mah. (2.89 m ha, 3.6 m.b), A.P.,(1.04 m ha, 3.0 m.b) Pun, (0.56 m ha, 2.1 m. b)
Sugarcane: Causes for low productivity and required interventions Major States: U.P.,(2.16 m ha, 121.53 m t) Mah,(0.54 m ha 36.20 m t ) TN,(0.34 m ha, 36.62 m t) Guj, (0.20 m ha, 14.77 m t )
Thrust areas for Maize, Sorghum and Pearl millets: (30 million ha area) * Promote single cross hybrids for higher productivity in maize * Promote Ridge Planting in Eastern India * Promote short duration hybrids in place of local varieties in pearl millets and sorghum * Use broad bed furrow system specially in black soils for better management of water * Increase area under maize in hill States, U.P., Bihar, T.N., A.P and Punjab
Jute Technology Mission (JTM): 2006 Objective: To increase production and quality of jute and allied fiber States Covered: 10 States viz.; A.P. , Assam ,Bihar, Meghalaya,Orissa, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Tripura. Important components and Funding Pattern (90: 10) Production &supply of seeds Demonstration on production , IPM & retting technology Training of farmers & extension workers Supply of farm implements / sprayers Creation of retting facilities Setting up of de-gumming & de-corticating units for ramie
Over all Thrust Areas for Kharif 2007 (i)Develop a strategy to fully exploit the potential of different agro-climatic regions to increase production of kharif crops in general and rice in particular (ii) Bring additional 2 million ha area under pulses through intercropping and use of fallow lands (iii) A planned approach forSeed production of newly released hybrids of rice and maize (iv) Promotion of ridge furrow system of planting specially in black soils (v) Adopt seed treatment as a major initiative to ensure early crop growth (vi) Rigorous measures and monitoring to ensure quality of input i.e. seed, pesticide , fertilizers (vii) Special emphasis for raising the productivity of Oilseeds and pulses through mission mode approach