Architecture and Design. in the age of industry. Henry van de Velde (Belgian 1863-1957), 1897, Art Nouveau advertising poster, lithograph.
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Architecture and Design in the age of industry Henry van de Velde (Belgian 1863-1957), 1897, Art Nouveau advertising poster, lithograph
Red House designed by Philip Webb for William and Jane Morris. Designed 1859; completed 1860. Bexley heath (near London). Arts & Crafts, neo-Gothic eclecticism, meant to be a “palace of art” for artists and writers associated with the Pre-Raphaelite Movement
William Morris, La Belle Iseult, 1858, Jane Burden (future Jane Morris) in medieval dress, Pre-Raphaelite. Morris’s only surviving oil painting, Tate, London
Edward Burne Jones, The Wedding, painted on a settle (wooden bench) in the Red House commemorating the wedding of William Morris and Jane Burden. “Have nothing in your house that you do not know to be useful, or believe to be beautiful.” William Morris
William Morris, pages from The Kelmscott Chaucer (14th century texts) figures by Edward Burne-Jones
Michael Thonet (Austrian, 1796-1891), Bentwood “café chair” no. 14, 1859, for coffee houses of Vienna, Paris, Berlin. Art NouveauMass production of 2,000 chairs per day, 6 parts, steamed and bent wood. Vienna Opera House, 1902
Victor Horta (Belgian, 1861-1947) Maison du Peuple (1897-1900), built for the progressive political party, the Belgian Labor Party and demolished in 1965.
VICTOR HORTA, staircase in the Van Eetvelde House, Brussels, 1895, Art Nouveau. Use of iron, steel, and glass.(Van Eetvelde was the administrator of the Congo Free State.)
Antoni Gaudi (Spanish 1852-1926), Casa Batllo, Barcelona, Spain, 1905 to 1907, concrete Art Nouveau (Catalan modernismo)
Antoni Gaudi Casa Batllo roof
Antoni Gaudi Casa Batllo interior stairway
ALEXANDRE-GUSTAVE EIFFEL, Eiffel Tower, Paris, 1889, wrought iron.Symbol of modernity built for the centennial of the French Revolution. About 1000 ft high, the tallest structure in the world until the Empire State Building was built about 40 years later.
HENRY HOBSON RICHARDSON, Marshall Field wholesale store (demolished), Chicago, 1885–1887.
Louis Sullivan ( U.S. 1856-1924), Wainwright Building, early modern skyscraper, 1894, steel frame clad in masonry, Saint Louis, Missouri. Compare with Medici-Riccardi palace, 1445 (above) Renaissance palace, Florence, Italy
Louis Sullivan, terra cotta ornament, Wainwright Building, St. Louis, Missouri, 1894
Louis Sullivan, Carson, Pirie, Scott, and Company department store, 1895-1904 (now the Sullivan Center), Chicago. Restoration completed in 2006.
Edouard Manet & Edgar Degas Realism to Impressionism
Henri Fantin-Latour. Portrait of Edouard Manet. 1867, oil on canvasArt Institute of Chicago, ChicagoParisian dandy, flaneur, and “Painter of Modern Life”
Henri Fantin-Latour, A Studio in the Batignolles (Homage to Manet) 1870, oil on canvas, 204 x 273.5 cm. Musée d'Orsay, ParisL-R: Scholderer, Manet, Renoir, Astruc (seated), Zola, Maitre, Bazille, Monet
Edouard Manet, Concert at the Tuileries, 1862 o/c, c. 46 x 30,” National Gallery, LondonPortraits of Charles Baudelaire by Manet on left, 1865 Modernity is the transient, the fleeting, the contingent; it is one half of art, the other being the eternal and the immovable. - Charles Baudelaire
Edouard Manet, Dejeuner Sur L’Herb (Luncheon on the Grass), 1862
Titian, Concert Champêtre (Italian Renaissance) 1510 compared with Edouard Manet (French Realism), Déjeuner Sur L’Herbe
Marcantonio Raimondi, Judgment of Paris (engraving after Raphael), 1520 compare with Manet, Déjeuner Sur L’Herbe, 1862
Edouard Manet, Olympia, 1863, oil on canvas, 51 x 74 3/4 inMusée d'Orsay, Paris
Titian or Giorgione, Venus of Urbino, 1510 (Louvre) Compare with Olympia1863
Alexandre Cabanel (French Academic Painter, 1823-1889) Birth of Venus, 1863
Jean Leon Gerome (Academic classicism), Phrynee Before the Judges, 1861Daumier cartoon: “Venuses Again, Always Venuses”
William Bouguereau, Birth of Venus, 1879 and Paul Baudry, Venus and Cupid, c. 1857
Emperor Napoleon III by Hippolyte Flandrin (Salon of 1863) with Plan of Paris – radical urban renewal designed by Baron Haussmann, 1853-1869
Napoleon III and Baron Haussmann urban renewal, Paris:1853-1869 Blvd. Haussman with Galeries Lafayette, one of the first department stores: commodity culture
Edouard Manet,The Barricade, ca. 1871, watercolor and gouache, 18x13 in, Szepmuveseti Muzeum, Budapest, Hungary
Edgar Degas, Portraits at the Stock Exchange, ca. 1879, oil on canvas, 39x32in, Musée d’Orsay, Paris
Edgar Degas, Little Dancer Aged Fourteen, ca. 1881, painted bronze (cast 1892) with muslin skirt. Original: yellow wax, cotton muslin skirt, satin ribbon, wooden base, 39 in high
Edgar Degas, (left) The Dance Class, 1874, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (right) Ecole de Dance, 1873, oil on canvas, 19x25 in., Corcoran, Washington D.C.