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Chapter Two. Installing Windows XP Professional. Objectives. Understand how to install and upgrade Windows XP Professional Plan an installation or upgrade Install Windows XP using a CD-ROM or the Network Understand the installation process Describe the advanced installation options

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Chapter two

Chapter Two


Windows XP Professional


  • Understand how to install and upgrade Windows XP Professional

  • Plan an installation or upgrade

  • Install Windows XP using a CD-ROM or the Network

  • Understand the installation process

  • Describe the advanced installation options

  • Remove Windows XP Professional

Upgrading versus installing
Upgrading Versus Installing

  • Windows XP can be installed as an upgrade over an existing installation of following operating systems:

    • Windows 95 OSR2, Windows 98, Windows 98 SE, and Windows Me

    • Windows NT 4.0 Workstation

    • Windows 2000 Professional

    • Windows XP Home

  • To migrate from any other OS not include on this list requires a full or clean installation

Upgrading versus installing1
Upgrading Versus Installing

  • Typically, you would select an upgrade installation when you want to retain you existing desktop, system settings, and network configuration

  • Multi-boot system

    • Computer that hosts two or more operating system that can be booted to by selecting one from a boot menu or boot manager each time the computer is booted up

Upgrading versus installing2
Upgrading Versus Installing

Figure 2-1: Choosing the upgrade options from the Windows Setup Wizard

Booting multiple operating systems
Booting Multiple Operating Systems

  • Unless you deliberately overwrite, or format, the partition or volume where another OS is located, installing Windows XP Professional will not affect another OS already installed on the same computer

  • You can create a dual-boot system with Windows XP and other operating systems

  • The boot loader is the software that:

    • Shows all currently available operating systems

    • Permits you to choose which OS should be booted

Booting multiple operating systems1
Booting Multiple Operating Systems

Figure 2-2: the Windows XP Professional boot menu

Booting multiple operating systems2
Booting Multiple Operating Systems

  • BOOT.INI file

    • Text file that creates Windows XP boot loader’s menu

  • If you plan to use more than one OS, it’s important to consider:

    • Which file system to use

    • Whether data must be accessible to more than one OS on the same machine

Planning the installation
Planning the Installation

  • Important to check hardware against the HCL

  • Also important to consider:

    • Type of installation you want to perform

    • Partition on which the OS files will be stored and how that partition is to be formatted

Planning the installation1
Planning the Installation

  • You can perform an upgrade installation if your situation meets all of the following conditions:

    • Current OS is supported as a platform that Windows XP Professional can upgrade

    • You want to replace your current OS with Windows XP, retaining as much configuration and setting information as possible

    • You are prepared to handle problems that may occur under Windows XP that are not present under current OS

Planning the installation2
Planning the Installation

  • You can perform a fresh installation if at least one of the following is true:

    • Your system has a freshly formatted hard drive, or a new blank hard drive has just been installed

    • You wish to install Windows XP over your existing OS, but that OS is on the list of operating system,s that support upgrading to Windows XP

    • You want to replace your existing OS with Windows XP

    • You want to create a dual-boot or multi-boot configuration with the existing operating system(s) and Windows XP

Types of installations
Types of Installations

  • Installing over the network

    • Launch the Setup routine from a network share instead of local device

  • CD-ROM installation launched from setup boot floppies

    • The most common installation method is using the five set-up boot disks (or floppies) to initiate the installation from a local CD-ROM drive

Types of installations1
Types of Installations

  • Bootable CD-ROM

    • Windows XP Professional is self-booting

  • CD-ROM launch from existing OS

    • Setup process can be launched from an existing OS or from a boot floppy that contains CD-ROM drivers

  • Creating setup boot floppies

    • If set-up boot floppies aren’t available, you’ll have to create them

Important setup option differences
Important Setup Option Differences

  • A text-only format is launched initially if setup is launched from:

    • Setup boot floppies

    • Bootable CD-ROM drive

    • DOS

  • Setup later switches into a GUI format

Important setup option differences1
Important Setup Option Differences

  • Setup opens a graphical Setup Wizard if it is launched from:

    • Any other Windows OS

    • Local CD-ROM drive

    • Network share

Important setup option differences2
Important Setup Option Differences

  • The Windows setup method employs an initialization wizard to preselect or predefine several setup options

  • An upgrade installation retains as much of the existing system information as possible

  • A clean installation ignores all existing settings

Advanced installation options
Advanced Installation Options

  • Advanced installations proceed in much the same manner as a manual installation, except that an answer file is used to provide the responses to all setup prompts

  • In addition, answer files can be used to install additional applications after the OS installation is complete

Automated installations
Automated Installations

  • Unattended installation

    • Windows XP installation that uses a script and does not require user interaction

  • Uniqueness database file (UDF)

    • Text file that contains a partial set of instructions for installing Windows XP

  • Setup Manager

    • Windows XP tool that provides you with a GUI for creating an answer file

Answer files and udfs
Answer Files and UDFs

  • You can create a UDF in a text editor such as EDIT or Notepad

  • When you’ve finished a UDF, save it as a text file and store it on disk

  • It is often helpful to name UDFs for the people using them

Remote installation service ris
Remote Installation Service (RIS)

  • RIS is used to push installations over a network to a client

  • RIS can install Windows XP on clients that have:

    • Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) PXE-based remote boot ROM

    • RIS boot disk-supported network adapter (NIC)

    • Existing OS

Remote installation service ris1
Remote Installation Service (RIS)

  • Steps for employing RIS:

    • Verify systems comply with hardware requirements

    • Install a Windows 2000 or .NET Server as a stand-alone/member server

    • If DNS is not already present in the domain, install it

    • Promote the Windows Server as a domain controller

Remote installation service ris2
Remote Installation Service (RIS)

  • Steps for employing RIS (cont.):

    • If DHCP is not already present on the domain, install it

    • Initiate the configuration procedure for RIS by launching RISETUP.EXE from the Run command

    • Authorize RIS with Active Directory through the DHCP Manager

    • Use the Directory Management snap-in to further configure RIS and define remote installation parameters

Using the sysdiff utility
Using the SYSDIFF Utility


    • Windows XP utility used to take a snapshot of a basic installation and after the changes have been made, record the changes and apply them to another installation

  • You can use the SYSDIFF in combination with an unattended installation

Using sysprep


    • System duplication tool used to duplicate an entire hard drive

    • Tool is useful when installing Windows XP onto multiple identical systems

      • Each system must have at least closely matching, if not almost identical, core hardware configurations

Winnt and winnt32


    • 16-bit setup tool

    • Designed to be launched from DOS and operating systems that rely upon DOS

  • WINNT32

    • 32-bit setup tool

    • Designed to be launched from 32-bit operating systems


  • Command line syntax for the WINNT command:

    • /S[:sourcepath]

    • /T[:tempdrive]

    • /U[:answer_file]

    • /UDF:id[,UDF_file]


  • Command line syntax for the WINNT command (cont.):

    • /R[folder]

    • /Rx[:folder]

    • /E

    • /A


  • Command line syntax for the WINNT32 command:

    • /checkupgradeonly

    • /cmd:command_line

    • /cmdcons

    • /copydir:i386\folder_name

    • /copysource:folder_name

    • /debug[level]:[filename]


  • Command line syntax for the WINNT32 command (cont.):

    • /dudisable

    • /duprepare:pathname

    • /dushare:pathname

    • /m:folder_name

    • /makelocalsource

    • /noreboot


  • Command line syntax for the WINNT32 command (cont.):

    • /s:sourcepath

    • /syspart:drive_letter

    • /tempdrive:drive_letter

    • /udf:id[,UDB_file]

    • /unattend

    • /unattend[num]:[answer_file]

Partitioning the hard disk
Partitioning the Hard Disk

  • Many people create a DOS boot partition that’s accessible when booting from a floppy

  • Active partition

    • Houses the Windows XP boot files

  • To partition the hard disk before setup, you can use:

    • The DOS FDISK

    • The partitioning interface encountered during setup

Activating windows xp
Activating Windows XP

  • Product activation

    • Mechanism by which a product has a finite initial functional lifetime

    • Activation has both benefits and drawbacks

    • After initial installation, you have 30 days to activate your product before it will no longer function fully

Windows xp professional setup
Windows XP Professional Setup

  • Installing Windows XP is not difficult

    • Easier than process for installing Windows 2000

    • Almost as simple as the process for Windows 98

  • There are two major parts to the setup

    • The text-only portion

    • The GUI portion

Troubleshooting an installation
Troubleshooting an Installation

  • The Windows XP installation procedure is fairly self-regulating and self-healing

  • In most cases, if you hit a snag, you can resolve the issue by either:

    • Starting over

    • Just rebooting

Removing windows xp professional
Removing Windows XP Professional

  • Unlike most other Windows operating system, Windows XP offers an uninstall or rollback capability

  • It is supported only when an upgrade is performed over Windows 95/98/OSR2/Me

Removing windows xp professional1
Removing Windows XP Professional

  • Destroying partitions

    • Possibly the easiest method to remove Windows XP is to destroy the installation and start fresh with some other OS

      • Be sure to first remove all data you consider important

  • If you installed Windows XP onto a FAT partition smaller than 2 GB, you may to remove it from your computer without performing above the destroy method

Chapter summary
Chapter Summary

  • Understand the steps to install and uninstall Windows XP

  • Be familiar with all the tools and information used in the installation and uninstallation process

  • Understand how to choose hardware for a successful installation

  • Understand how to install locally and over a network

Chapter summary1
Chapter Summary

  • Understand how to use the switches that come with WINNT and WINNT32

  • Understand how to run setup

  • Be familiar with the differences between upgrading and installing Windows XP