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Solomon Islands Fisheries Overview. PRIORITY ADAPTATIONS TO CLIMATE CHANGE FOR FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE IN SOLOMON ISLANDS: REDUCING RISKS AND CAPITALISING ON OPPORTUNITIES WORKSHOP Iron Bottom Sound, Honiara 18 th – 19 th April 2013 By Rosalie Masu Deputy Director Inshore ( ag ).

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solomon islands fisheries overview
Solomon Islands Fisheries Overview

PRIORITY ADAPTATIONS TO CLIMATE CHANGE FOR FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE IN SOLOMON ISLANDS: REDUCING RISKS AND CAPITALISING ON OPPORTUNITIES WORKSHOP

Iron Bottom Sound, Honiara

18th – 19th April 2013

By Rosalie Masu

Deputy Director Inshore (ag)

areas to be covered
Areas to be covered

Brief Introduction of Solomon Islands

Current Fisheries

Management Measures/Approaches

Future Plans

introduction
Introduction
  • Vast archipelago of 992 islands, 347 inhabited
  • Landmass is 28,000 sq km
  • EEZ is 1.63 million sq km
  • Reef area is 5,750 sq km
  • Population estimate is > .5 million persons (2005)
  • Annual growth rate in 1999 was 2.8% and doubled to 4.4% in 2005 (one of the highest)
  • 40% below 15yrs, 58% between 15 – 64 yrs, 2% over 65 yrs
  • Meaning SI has a very young population which is growing very fast.
introduction cont
Introduction Cont…
  • 85 % of the population are rural coastal dwellers who rely heavily on marine resources
  • Fish consumption per capita is 33 kg/yr
importance of fisheries
Importance of Fisheries
  • Provide food
  • Source of income

- employment

- traditional money

- selling of resources

  • Traditional Medicine
  • Cultural Values
  • Contribute towards our country’s economy
coastal or inshore fisheries
Coastal or Inshore Fisheries
  • Kile (2000) estimated that subsistence – artisanal annual production at $SBD60 million which is about $USD7 million.
  • Gillett and Lightfoot (2002) estimated the subsistence – artisanal annual production at $US9.963 million.
target species
FINFISH

Sharks for fins but rarely for meat

Women – Coastal finfish sp.

Children – Coastal finfish sp.

Men – Outer reef

INVERTERBRATES

Sea-cucumber

Trochus

Crayfish

Mangrove-shells

Mud crab

Clams

Target Species
type of fishing methods
Type of fishing methods
  • Spear-fishing
  • Gill-netting
  • Hand-linning
  • Collection by hand for inverterbrate
  • Traditional methods – using coconut frowns
  • Traps
  • Even dynamite fishing too!!
major contributors to the export value
Major contributors to the Export Value
  • Beche-der-mer
  • Trochus
  • Button Blanks – from trochus
  • Sea weed
  • Coral (CurioTrade)
  • Sharks-fin
  • Reef fish/fillet
  • Aquarium fish
  • Cray Fish
inshore fisheries purchased from provinces by exporters 1991 2011
Inshore fisheries purchased from Provinces by exporters 1991 - 2011

Choiseul

Western

Malaita

Isabel

Central

Guadalcanal

Temotu

Honiara

Makira/Ulawa

Renbel

aquaculture
Aquaculture

90’s – export of farmed tiger prawns

Current Efforts: Seaweed Farming as an alternative. Target production for 2013: 1500mt

Small backyard ponds – Tilapia (Mosambique)

GIFT Tilapia – Risk Assessment Complete, Biosecurity Protocols.

Current Research: Milkfish&Mullet

Peanut Fish (SticopusHorrens)

fresh water fishery
Fresh Water Fishery

Mostly for subsistence only

Shells (gastropods, bivalve)

Prawns

Fish eg. Tilapia

Eels

tuna fishery
Tuna Fishery

Tuna Catch by Domestic and Foreign Vessels 2000 - 2011

tuna species
Tuna Species

From 2000 – 2011, Catch was dominated by Skipjack.

Skip Jack – 72%

Yellow Fin – 24%

Big Eye – 1%

Albacore – 2%

Others – 1%

tuna is exported as
Tuna is exported as:

Frozen

Canned

Smoked

Fishmeal

Chilled

Loin

effort trend
Effort Trend
  • Depletion of important commercial species is very evident
  • Generally effort is higher as compared to the “good old days”
  • Due to high fishing pressure

- shift from subsistence to cash base

- increase population

management measures for inshore fisheries
Management Measures for Inshore Fisheries

Ban for Export

Size Limits

Gear Restrictions

Reduce fishing pressure – Aquaculture Options

- iFADs

Management Plans for key commercial species.

Encourage Marine Protected Areas and Managed Areas through CBRM/CBFMand EAFM approaches.

NGO partners – Monitoring in project Sites

management measures for tuna fisheries
Management Measures for Tuna Fisheries

Solomon Islands managing Tuna together with other countries as part of Regional Cooperation through: PNA (Parties to the Nauru Agreement), FFA, W

Tuna management Plan.

Vessel Day Scheme (VDS)

New Policy: To land tuna catches onshore

Encourage Onshore based investments

future near
Future: Near

Fisheries Bill: Pass June/July sitting

Management Plans finalised for key commercial species

Strengthen Partnership: Communities (CBOs), NGOs, Provincial, Regional Organisations, Industries.