New Horizon College English Book I Key to Unit Two
Section A Deep Concern Section B Is There a Generation Gap?
Exercises Section A 《读写教程 I》:Ex. III, p. 34 《读写教程 I》:Ex. IV, p. 35 1. Vocabulary 《读写教程 I》:Ex. V, p. 36 《读写教程 I》:Ex. VI, p.36 2. Sentence Structure 《读写教程 I》:Ex. VII, p.37 《读写教程 I》:Ex. VIII, p.37 3. Translation 《读写教程 I》:Ex. IX, p.38 《读写教程 I》:Ex. X, p. 39 4. Cloze
Vocabulary III. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. tune disgusting appeal offensive horrible upset concern identity influence thorough burst negative stuff patience appeals • If the bike _________ to you that much, why not buy it? You just got paid yesterday. identity 2. He managed to hide his ______________ and moved to a new town where people would not know him. concern 3. All of your ________ was for nothing, because I was safe all night. 4. It was worse than horrible; the smell in the room was so _____________ that it actually made me sick. disgusting upset 5. I wasn’t quite angry, but I was a little _________ when my noodles were cooked poorly.
Vocabulary tune disgusting appeal offensive horrible upset concern identity influence thorough burst negative stuff patience influence 6. Modern music may have a negative ____________ as well as a positive one on teenagers. offensive 7. He has made a(an) _______ remark that angers all of us. burst 8. On hearing the news, the mother _________ into tears and rushed out of the room, followed by a few other people. 9. I bought some computer paper, but when I got it home I found it was the wrong _________. stuff thorough 10. I want you to be very ___________ when you look in the park for the missing woman so you won’t miss her.
Vocabulary IV. Fill in each of the blanks with a suitable preposition or adverbs. • Sandy’s father could not stand the offensive music, so he asked • her to turn it _________. off/down off 2. I can’t turn the tap _____, and there’s water all over the floor. as 3. He is busy ______ usual, giving lectures and working on the textbook. 4. She asked the students who were working in the dark classroom why they hadn’t turn the lights ______. on for 5. Sinking in the sand, he reached ____ his friend’s hand, but it was too far away.
Vocabulary on/upon 6. Teachers may exercise more influence _____ their students than parents. to 7. The rock and roll music appeals especially ____ young people. over 8. I’d like to talk your offer _____ with my wife before deciding whether to take it or not. in 9. The money offered may not be much, but _____ any case I’ll take the job. of 10. Perhaps listening to light music may get rid _____ some of the knots in your stomach.
Vocabulary V. Fill in the blanks in the following passage by selecting suitable words from the Word Bank. You may not use any of the words more than once. • Word Bank • disgusting B) embarrassing C) pierced D) appeal • E) commit F) upset G) challenge H) comment • remove J) suddenly K) unique L) negative • M) offensive N) absolutely O) awful I have to write to you about the way you dress. I was a little intimidated to _____________ in person, so I am writing instead. I hope this doesn’t ______________ you, but something has to be done. I must ______________ to you to start dressing like a mom. Your ______________ sense of fashion is more like a sister’s than a mother’s. H) comment F) upset D) appeal K) unique
Vocabulary • Word Bank • disgusting B) embarrassing C) pierced D) appeal • E) commit F) upset G) challenge H) comment • remove J) suddenly K) unique L) negative • M) offensive N) absolutely O) awful B) embarrassing It’s 5 to have a mom who dresses younger than I do. You wear T-shirts with torn jeans and your nose is 6 . My friends say it’s strange, but I think they are being a little too 7 . It’s most likely because their boyfriends think you are pretty. Still, if you want me to have any friends in this community, it is vital that you 8 the ring from your nose and start dressing like the other moms. Don’t your peers show any concern? Don’t you remember how horrible being a teenager can be? I feel 9 because I think people of my age would rather talk to you than to me. Last week at the shopping center, I had the 10 worst experience of my life. The young man who took our money asked if you were my older sister. I thought he would likely ask you out if I hadn’t said “Thanks, mom” to you. It was disgusting. C) pierced L) negative I) remove O) awful N) absolutely
Sentence Structure VI. Combine each pair of the following sentences, using an “as” clause to introduce an action happening at the same time as another action. Model: Sandy sang along with the words. At the same time, she lay listening to her favorite radio station. Sandy sang along with the words as she lay listening to her favorite radio station. • Kate saw her brother Bill. At the same time she was getting off the • school bus. As she was getting off the school bus, Kate saw her brother Bill. 2. Mother was standing up from her seat. At the same time she dropped her glass to the ground. Mother dropped her glass to ground as she was standing up from her seat.
Sentence Structure 3. A policeman fired at a thief. The thief was bolting out of the house at the same time. As the thief was bolting out of the house, a policeman fired at him. 4. Sandy ran to catch the school bus. At the same time she thought of her talk with her mother. Sandy thought of her talk with her mother as she ran to catch the school bus. 5. The teacher entered the classroom. All the students shouted “Happy Birthday” to him. All the students shouted “Happy Birthday” to him as the teacher entered the classroom.
Sentence Structure VII. Rewrite each of the following sentences, using the structure of “while+V-ing”. Model: She ate a piece of toast while she stood by the sink. She ate a piece of toast while standing by the sink. • She listened to her favorite rock music while she sang along with • the words. She listened to her favorite rock music while singling along with the words.
Sentence Structure 2. She was putting on her jeans and at the same time asked me to hand her the sweater. She was putting on her jeans while asking me to hand her the sweater. 3. He banged on the door while he opened it. He banged on the door while opening it. 4. In the bathroom she put on some makeup and looked in the mirror. In the bathroom she put on some makeup while looking in the mirror. 5. The schoolmaster shot an angry glance at the naughty first grader while he was talking with his parents. The schoolmaster shot an angry glance at the naughty first grader while talking with his parents.
Translation VIII. Translate the following sentences into English. be about to as 1. 当她就要关掉音乐时，她父亲冲进她的房间，朝着她喊道：“难道你就不能把音乐关小一点？” burst into turn down As she was about to turn off the music, her father burst into her room and shouted at her, “Can’t you turn down the music a little bit?
Translation pretend not to keep watching 2. 酒吧的老板一直在看那个姑娘跳舞，一面却假装没有看。 while The owner of the bar kept watching the girl dancing while pretending not to.
Translation sth appeals to sb. turn up 3. 桑迪如此喜欢摇滚音乐以至不顾父亲的反对而将音量放大。 pay no attention to… Rock music appealed to Sandy so much that she turned it up, paying no attention to her father’s objection.
Translation bug as usual 4. 像往常一样，当他的父母不喜欢他的穿着时，便开始唠叨他。 As usual, when his parents don’t like what he wears, they start bugging him.
Translation keep… open 5. 在会上，他们讨论了如何保持师生间的沟通渠道畅通。 lines of communication At the meeting they discussed how to keep the lines of communication open between teachers and students.
Translation be forced by sb. to do… 6. 一想到这些年幼的男孩和女孩被父母强迫沿街讨钱我就生气。 beg for money make one’s blood boil It makes my blood boil to think of these young boys and girls who are forced by their parents to beg for money along the streets.
Translation IX. Translate the following sentences into Chinese. • I suppose teenagers walking around town with tattoos and piercings all over their bodies are expressing themselves. 我认为那些在镇上游手好闲、在身上又文身又穿洞的青少年 是在表达他们的个性。 2. The Internet gives us a faster way to reach new existing customers around the world and to keep the lines of communication widely open. 因特网提供了一种更快捷的方式，让我们与全球的新老客户 取得联系，并保持沟通渠道畅通无阻。
Translation 3. The problem of communication between parents and their teenage children does not only lie in the “generation gap”, but also in the fact that neither side fully understands the ideas of the other side. 父母与自己十多岁的孩子的沟通问题不仅仅在于“代沟”， 而且还在于双方都不完全理解对方的思想。 4. When there is this type of communication barrier between parents and children, the big issues teenagers face can become bigger. 当父母与子女有了这类沟通障碍时，青少年面临的问题可能更大。
Translation 5. It’s not unusual for teenagers to go through a phase when they feel ashamed of their parents, afraid that they might not live up to their friends’ standards. 青少年常常要经历这么一个阶段，在这个阶段，他们觉得父母 会让他们没面子，害怕他们达不到自己朋友的标准。 6. For example, teenagers want to stay out till all hours of the night, but when it comes to getting up in the morning in time for classes, it’s a different story. 比如，青少年希望在外呆到很晚，但是当第二天早上要起床 上学时，那又是另一回事了。
Cloze X. Read the following passage carefully and choose the best word or phrase to fill in each blank. • A. do B. does C. is • A. youth B. younger C. teenager • A. who B. which C. whom • A. kept B. stayed C. wanted • A. admit B. argue C. attract • A. still B. always C. even • A. Advances B. Adventures C. Additions B (does) I’m not sure whether a “generation gap” exists, but if it 1 , I hope I’m still standing on the youth’s side of the gap. I may be 50 and then some, but I still like to rock. When I was 2 , I listened to all of the new rock and roll music, and I really got into it. But, unlike a lot of my friends 3 decided that good music died after the 1970s, I 4 on listening to as well as rocking to new and unique music. I have to 5 that rock and roll has changed since I was a teenager, but it is 6 about using rhythm to express feeling. Some of the changes have been very positive. 7 in technology have made personal recording simple and given us access B (younger) A (who) A (kept) A (admit) A (still) A (Advances)
Cloze • A. at B. to C. for • A. Everyday B. Always C. Nowadays • A. far B. straight C. indirect • A. allows for B. gets rids of C. reaches for • A. such B. same C. more • A. actual B. effective C. active • A. beautiful B. vital C. awful • A. appeal B. attract C. influence B (to) C (Nowadays) 8 music on the Internet. 9 , you can’t throw a stone without hitting someone that had made their own CD. You don’t have to just listen to music made and sold by big record companies. Many groups send their music 10 to community radio stations. This 11 truly new music to be heard that record companies have never even touched. I played drumps (鼓) for one 12 group myself. My daughter is an 13 teenager and she is thoroughly disgusted by my listening to and playing, as she puts it, “those 14 tunes.” Classical (古典的) music and playing the piano 15 to her. She pretends to show concern by making comments like, “You should turn that stuff A (allows for) B (straight) A (such) A (actual) C (awful) A (appeal)
Cloze • A. making B. going C. trying • A. peace B. patience C. excitement • A. negative B. absolute C. positive • A. In any case B. In no case C. In case • A. either B. but C. though C (trying) down or you will hurt your ears,” but I know what she is really 16 to say is that she finds my music absolutely offensive and does not have 17 for it. I don’t get too upset, though. And I don’t worry about my music having a(n) 18influence on her. 19 , she is probably right about my ears; I likely have lost some hearing from going to too many loud concerts as I have. I can’t say that it wasn’t worth it, 20 . If I had to do it all over again I would do it all the same except I would protect my ears better. B (patience) A (In any case) A (negative) C (though)
Exercises Section B III. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. tend guidance individual ruin admit response trend entitle curiosity neglect concept evaluate attitude confidence apply entitled 1. I prefer the small poem ___________ “She Walks in Beauty”. ruin 2. If you go to the interview in such old-fashioned clothes, you’ll _________ your chance of getting the job. 3. They don’t know what their problems are, so they will first send in trained nurses to ________ the needs of each patient. evaluate trend 4. I read an article in the newspaper that deals with today’s __________ toward less formal clothing from more formal clothing.
Vocabulary tend guidance individual ruin admit response trend entitle curiosity neglect concept evaluate attitude confidence apply attitude 5. What ___________ one adopts toward life matters a lot in one’s career choice. tend 6. Men are now an important group of grocery shoppers, who _____________ to spend more money on grocery shopping than women. curiosity 7. To satisfy my ________ about the history of my family, I went to visit the small village in the mountains where my great-grandfather was born and lived until the age of 15. applying 8. His project is concerned with _________ the technology to practical business problems. 9. It’s difficult to find a job these days. Many young people don’t even get a(n)__________ from companies they are applying to. response concept 10. From my point of view, the_______ of arranged marriages is misunderstood in the West.
Vocabulary IV. Fill in each of the blanks with a suitable preposition or adverbs. to • If you think the same principle cannot be applied _____ you, you • are wrong. in 2. The main problem lies ______ their lack of confidence in their abilities. 3. It seems that the government is trying hard to bridge the gap ________ the rich and the poor. between about 4. These days, people are concerned _________ good nutrition. across 5. I had created a way to get my message ________ while using as few words as possible.
Vocabulary to 6. If you can relate _______ someone, you can understand how they feel or behave so that you are able to communicate with them or deal with them easily. to 7. Students should discuss ideas, as opposed ________ just copying from books. 8. Passengers with hand luggage can go straight to the departure gate to check ________ there. in to 9. Such situations explain why so many students look ______ their teachers for help in finding a job after graduation. 10. The first step in making friends with people is to show respect _____their wishes, rights, and habits. for