August 20, 1619. 32 Africans arrived in Jamestown, Virginia, aboard a Dutch ship. They were the first blacks to be forcibly settled as involuntary laborers in the North American British Colonies. Slavery in the New World. 1. April 19, 1775
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A former slave, Douglass became an abolitionist, editor, orator, author, statesman and reformer.
Harriet Tubman was an African-American abolitionist, humanitarian, and Union spy during the American Civil War.
March 6, 1857, the Dred Scott decision denied that blacks were citizens.
14 African-American soldiers and 4 Seminole-Negro Indian Scouts received the highest army award during frontier Indian Wars.
He was born March 12, 1864, to ex-slaves in the little hamlet of Mays Lick, Kentucky.
This is the popular name of the group of African-American pilots during WWII.
She was dubbed by the U.S. Congress as the "Mother of the Modern-Day Civil Rights Movement".
Malcolm X was a Black Muslim Minister and national spokesman for the Nation of Islam.
Poitier started out in the US Army and eventually moved on to try his hand at acting. He failed at first and was determined to refine his skills.
First time an NCAA Division I school had an all black starting lineup.
During the 1980’s, Cosby produced and starred in what is considered one of the decade's defining cultural sitcoms, The Cosby Show.
A world famous poet, author, historian, singer and civil rights activist who was raised in segregated rural Arkansas.
In 1998, Winfrey began Oprah's Angel Network, a charity aimed at encouraging people around the world to make a difference in the lives of underprivileged others.
Stanton started as a seasonal ranger at Grand Teton National Park in 1962.
Served as Secretary of State from January 2001 to January 2005 under George W. Bush, the highest ranking African American ever in the Executive Branch at that time.
Thomas grew up in Georgia and was educated at the College of the Holy Cross and at Yale Law School.
With a father from Kenya and a mother from Kansas, President Obama was born in Hawaii on August 4, 1961.
"It would be fatal for the nation to overlook the urgency of the moment. This sweltering summer of the Negro's legitimate discontent will not pass until there is an invigorating autumn of freedom and equality. Nineteen sixty-three is not an end, but a beginning. Those who hope that the Negro needed to blow off steam and will now be content will have a rude awakening if the nation returns to business as usual."
"I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character."
"Let freedom ring. And when this happens, and when we allow freedom ring—when we let it ring from every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day when all of God's children—black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics—will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual: "Free at last! Free at last! Thank God Almighty, we are free at last!"
"I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: 'We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal. 'I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at a table of brotherhood."
"This is our hope. This is the faith with which I return to the South. With this faith we will be able to hew out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope. With this faith we will be able to transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood. With this faith we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day."