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Career Planning. Keys to moving forward . Presented by Human Resource Services February 2011. Objectives. Where to start Cover letters- simple but effective Resumes- the 20 second look References Preparing for your interview Resources. Where to start. Local papers, search engines

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Career Planning

Keys to moving forward

Presented by

Human Resource Services

February 2011

  • Where to start
  • Cover letters- simple but effective
  • Resumes- the 20 second look
  • References
  • Preparing for your interview
  • Resources
where to start
Where to start
  • Local papers, search engines
      • HRS/ End of Employment/Job Resources
  • Attend a job fair
  • Temp agency
  • Net-work-it
      • Facebook
      • LinkedIn
      • Twitter
      • Friends or family working for companies you are interested in
      • Social groups and Professional Organizations
  • Monitor your favorite companies employment pages
tailor your qualifications to each job posting
Tailor your qualifications to each job posting
  • Requirements of the position
      • Demonstrate how you meet each one
  • Preferred qualifications
      • Call attention to any of the preferred qualification you have
  • Adjust your resume for each position to which you apply.
  • Do you really meet the minimums?
      • Be realistic and don’t waste time
      • Quality vs. quantity
  • How should you apply?
  • Be sure to submit all required application materials.
the little things really do matter
The little things really do matter.
  • If your email address is
  • If your out going voicemail sings, plays music, has the voice of a 2 year old that is not audible to anyone except her parents
  • If you have an online profile with pictures, statements or language that does not represent you professionally….
  • Other little things to consider spelling, formatting, no pictures or artwork on resumes (yes, people do this!)

Make some changes

cover letters
Cover letters
  • Should a cover letter always be included?
    • Bad sign if not included
  • What if the ad does not provide the name of the hiring manager?
    • Call and ask.
    • Send it to the department manager.
      • Dear Marketing Manager
  • Use a generic salutation such as
    • Dear Hiring Manager
    • Dear Search Committee
cover letters a few tips
Cover letters- a few tips
  • Write in a business letter format and have a neat, professional look.
  • The first paragraph of the letter explains the purpose and generates interest.
  • The body of the letter focuses on what the writer can offer and not what the writer wants.
  • The style of the letter can be conversational but still businesslike. You don’t need to use a lot of jargon or cumbersome sentences.
cover letter samples
Cover letter samples
  • A sample template
  • Example 1
  • Example 2
  • Resumes typically get a 10-20 second review by the hiring manager.
  • There are three main types of resumes:
      • Chronological
      • Functional
      • Chronological-Functional combination
resume chronological
Resume - Chronological
  • Chronological listing of positions you’ve held in order, starting with the most recent
  • Key elements:
      • Job Title: List your most recent job first, and include a brief description of your job title, and years you’ve worked there.
        • Human Resources Services Employee Recognition Program Assistant
      • Primary Duties: Describe your primary duties. Move relevant duties to the top.
        • Assisted in the planning, coordination and execution of employee recognition events and activities.
      • Accomplishments: List your accomplishments and quantify your achievements
        • Developed and maintained database system for tracking employee years of service for over 5,000 employees across all four WSU campus sites
resume chronological1
Resume – Chronological
  • Advantages
      • Demonstrates stability
      • Demonstrates career growth
      • Showcases qualifications and strengths
  • Disadvantages
    • Gaps in employment are clearly visible
    • Frequent job changes are easily identified
    • No job history for entry level position seekers
resume functional
Resume - Functional
  • This format allows you to highlight your selected skills
  • Key Elements:
      • Summary statement: A one or two sentence overview of your abilities and work history
        • To obtain a full time position with ABC company where I can utilize my excellence customer service and sales skills.
      • Job functions: List areas of expertise and provide one or two examples of quantifiable accomplishments
        • Management
          • Led successful team of five sales agents exceeding sales goals for three consecutive years.
      • Job history: company, job title, years of service
resume functional1
Resume - Functional
  • Advantages
    • De-emphasize dates
    • Promote skills
    • Recency of skills is unclear
    • Beneficial for changing careers or entry level
    • Easily fits a lot of information on one page
  • Disadvantages
    • Formats other than the chronological format raise questions
    • Recency of skills is unclear
    • Stability and career growth not as evident
resume combination
Resume - Combination
  • In this format your skills are listed prominently at the top of the page followed by a full chronological listing
      • Summary statement: A one or two sentence overview of your abilities and work history
      • Job functions: List areas of expertise and provide one or two examples of quantifiable accomplishments
      • Job history: Full history including company, job duties and years of service
resume combination1
Resume - Combination
  • Advantages:
    • De-emphasize dates
    • Promote skills
    • Can demonstrate stability
    • Can demonstrate career growth
  • Disadvantages:
    • Formats other than the chronological format may raise questions
  • Provide as many references as requested on a separate page.
          • Ensure you have updated information and submit all requested information
  • Give your references a heads up.

References should be able to speak to your previous job performance

  • What if my supervisor and I didn’t have a great relationship?
      • Using negative language may reflect poorly on you
      • Use a positive statement such as
        • “My supervisor was the most demanding person I ever worked for but I learned a lot and value the opportunities I was given.”
  • What will WSU-HRS say?
      • Without a signed consent form, HRS will only verify information provided
      • With a signed release form, HRS will verify all requested information. (start date, end date, title, salary)
interviewing the process
Interviewing – The process
  • There may be a series of interviews
  • There may be a panel of interviewers
  • There may be one-on-one time with the decision maker
interviewing preparation
Interviewing - Preparation
  • Learn as much as you can about the company and where the position fits
  • Practice- practice – practice!
      • Review interview questions your responses
      • Recruitment ToolKit/Evaluation & Interviewing
  • If you are unfamiliar with where the interview is, consider a dry run
  • Request a full position description and be very familiar with the contents
  • Prepare a few questions for the interviewer
interviewing tips for success
Interviewing – Tips for Success
  • To Do:
    • Dress professionally
    • Be honest
    • Be confident (see preparation)
    • Listen to the questions and answer what was asked
    • Collect your thoughts before responding when asked a tough question
    • Ask any questions you have
    • Send thank you note or email as soon as possible
  • Use Caution:
    • Dressing casually
    • Perfume/cologne or other scents
    • Failing to use active listening skills resulting in not answering the question
    • Body language
    • Humor
    • Slang
after the interview a few tips
After the interview- a few tips
  • Send a Thank You note
  • Follow-up
  • Create packets for each position
  • Keep moving forward
  • One on one coaching at the Center for Advising and Career Development (CACD)
      • CACD offers resume and interviewing assistance to employees
      • Online resources
        • CACD/CurrentStudents/Resources
  • Human Resources Services
      • Recruitment ToolKit/Evaluation & Interviewing
      • Skill Soft