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Europe: Physical Geography . Notes. Europe . 2 nd smallest continent Shares land mass with Asia Known as a “Peninsula of peninsulas” = encouraged sea travel and trade. The Shape of Europe. Collection of peninsulas: Scandinavian Jutland Iberian Apennine Balkan Crimean Anatolian

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europe
Europe
  • 2ndsmallest continent
  • Shares land mass with Asia
  • Known as a “Peninsula of peninsulas” = encouraged sea travel and trade
the shape of europe
The Shape of Europe
  • Collection of peninsulas:
    • Scandinavian
    • Jutland
    • Iberian
    • Apennine
    • Balkan
    • Crimean
    • Anatolian
    • Peloponnesian
slide4
The Shape of Europe
  • Long jagged
  • coastline
  • Surrounded
  • by:
  • Atlantic Ocean
  • Mediterranean
  • Sea
  • North Sea
  • Baltic Sea
the shape of europe1
The Shape of Europe
  • Scandinavian peninsula has narrow inlets called fjords
slide6

Northern Peninsulas

Scandinavian Peninsula

Jutland Peninsula

slide7

Southern Peninsulas

Balkan Peninsula

CrimeanPeninsula

Apennine Peninsula

Iberian Peninsula

AnatoleanPeninsula

    • Peloponnesian
  • Peninsula
mountains plains giant sandwich
Mountains & Plains: “Giant Sandwich”
  • Northern Mts – older (top piece of bread)_
  • Southern Mts – Younger & Steeper (bottom piece)
  • Alps – Spain to Greece-N
  • Pindus, Pyrenees, & Apennines – all shaped by glaciers-S
  • North European Plain: Major agriculture area (France to Poland) – (middle of sandwich)
the land of europe
The Land of Europe
  • North European Plain
the land of europe1
The Land of Europe
  • Dense Forests
  • Black Forest in Germany
slide12

Moutains&Peaks

Ural Mts.

Carpathian Mts.

Caucasus Mts.

Alps Mts.

Pyrennes Mts.

Dinaric Alps

Apennines Mts.

Mt. Vesuvius ^

Mt. Olympus ^

Mt. Etna ^

slide13

The Alps

Cover most of Switzerland, Austria, and parts of Italy and France.

slide15

Mt. Blanc in the Alps

Highest mountain in the Alps: 15,771 feet

slide16

The Caucasus Mountains

The origin of the word Caucasian.

slide17

Transylvaniain the Carpathian Mountains

Home of VladTepeš, theDrakul(“Count Dracula”)

slide18

Ural Mountains: “The Great Divide”

1500 miles

Divides the European and Asian sections of Russia.

seas oceans
Seas & Oceans
  • Following Seas & Oceans touch Europe:
    • Baltic, North, Mediterranean, & Black
    • Atlantic & Artic
  • Most Europeans live within 300 miles of major waterways.
slide23

Bodies

of

Water

ArcticOcean

AtlanticOcean

North Sea

Baltic Sea

English Channel

CaspianSea

BlackSea

Adriatic Sea

AegeanSea

Strait ofGibraltar

Mediterranean Sea

islands rivers
Islands & Rivers
  • Iceland – volcanic activity
  • British Isles- Great Britain (England & Scotland) & Ireland
  • Several in Mediterranean Sea:
  • Rivers- good for trade, transportation (linked by canals), irrigation, and electricity production.
    • Rhine, Danube, Po, Siene, Thames, Rhone, Elle, Loire, Tiber, & Vulga
slide28

The Danube River

Where Buda & Pest Meet

Biking Along the Danube

Flows through the 12 countries of Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Romania, and the Ukraine.

slide29

The Volga River

The longest river in Europe --> 2,300 miles.

slide30

The Volga River

  • The river is so polluted that the sturgeon catch has been decreased by 60%.
resources
Resources
  • Energy
    • Nuclear Power, Hydroelectric, Gas & Coal
  • Rich farmlands in North European Plain
  • Waterways
  • Minerals
    • Coal & Iron– goods needed for the growth of the modern industrial age. (1800’s Industrial Revolution)