CHAPTER 10: RENAISSANCE AND DISCOVERY. AP Topics: 1.2 Secularization of thought and culture 1.4 Major trends in literature and the arts 1.7 Developments in literacy, education, and communications 2.1 The rise and function of modern state in various forms
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CHAPTER 10: RENAISSANCE AND DISCOVERY AP Topics: 1.2 Secularization of thought and culture 1.4 Major trends in literature and the arts 1.7 Developments in literacy, education, and communications 2.1 The rise and function of modern state in various forms 2.3 The evolution of political elites and development of political parties…3.2 The role of urbanization in transforming culture and society THE ITALIAN RENAISSANCE
The italian renaissance • Renaissance—”Rebirth” of classic culture • “European thinkers began to reject traditional , rigid ideas about the world and humanity’s place in it and to embrace more modern ways of thinking. This included new ways of looking at religion, money and financial dealings, and how people should govern themselves.” • “It was a time in which a few people in a tiny corner of the globe tried to change themselves for the better and in the process changed the world.
The italian renaissance • Why did the Renaissance begin in Italy (Florence)? • Great wealth • Geography • Great patrons of the arts • The Medici Family
The italian renaissance • Credit developed in Italy during the Renaissance. • Banker’s table—banca (“banks”) • Use of creidt stimulates increased volume of trade throughout Europe The Banker and His Wife 1514
humanism • Humanism—study of Greek and Roman classics and of Church Fathers. • Humanitas—study of grammar, rhetoric, poetry, history, politics, and morals. • Francesco Petrarch—”Father of Humanism” (1304-1374)
Elements of renaissance art • Chiaroscuro—the use of shading to enhance naturalness. • Linear Perspective—adjustment of the size of figures to give a feeling of continuity. • Created a “three-dimensional canvas.” Saint Sebastian (1474), Botticelli
raphael The School of Athens, 1511