Sonnets - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Sonnets

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  1. Sonnets William Shakespeare

  2. How would you spell out your heartbeat?

  3. Meter • Meter: the basic rhythmic structure of a verse or lines in verse • Iambic pentameter: consists of five iambs – five sets of unstressed syllables followed by stressed syllables • Couplet: two lines of verse, usually in the same meter and joined by rhyme, that form a unit

  4. Rhyme • Rhyme scheme: the ordered pattern of rhymes at the ends of the lines of a poem or verse • Exact rhyme: a rhyme in which the later part of the word or phrase is identical sounding to that of another • Ex: cat; hat • Slant rhyme:  words that come near rhyming, but do not really rhyme • Ex: orange; door hinge • End rhyme: rhymes that come at the end of a line of poetry • Internal rhyme: rhymes that come in the middle of a line of poetry

  5. Structure • Stanza: a group of lines forming the basic recurring metrical unit in a poem • Blank verse: a verse of iambic pentameter that does not rhyme • Free verse: poetry that does not rhyme or have a regular meter • Quatrain: a group of four lines

  6. Shakespearean Sonnet • One stanza • Iambic pentameter • 3 quatrains and a couplet (therefore- a Shakespearean sonnet is 14 lines) • Rhyming couplet at the end