Download Presentation
## Finance I

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

**Finance I**October 10 Qinglei Dai for FEUNL, 2006**Topics covered**• Capital budgeting: decision-making process for accepting or rejecting projects • Various methods • NPV • Internal rate of return Qinglei Dai for FEUNL, 2006**Net Present Value**Net Present Value Opportunity Cost of Capital Qinglei Dai for FEUNL, 2006**Net Present Value**Example Q: Suppose we can invest $50 today & receive $60 later today. What is our increase in value? Qinglei Dai for FEUNL, 2006**Net Present Value**Example Suppose we can invest $50 today and receive $60 in one year. What is our increase in value given a 10% expected return? Qinglei Dai for FEUNL, 2006**NPV method**• The NPV rule: • Value-additivity: Qinglei Dai for FEUNL, 2006**Net Present Value**Example You have the opportunity to purchase an office building. You have a tenant lined up that will generate $16,000 per year in cash flows for three years. At the end of three years you anticipate selling the building for $450,000. How much would you be willing to pay for the building? Qinglei Dai for FEUNL, 2006**Net Present Value**Example - continued If the building is being offered for sale at a price of $350,000, would you buy the building and what is the added value generated by your purchase and management of the building? Qinglei Dai for FEUNL, 2006**IRR method**• Internal Rate of Return (IRR): • Basic IRR rule: Qinglei Dai for FEUNL, 2006**IRR method**• Example: suppose a certain project brings a cash flow series of • t=0, c=-200 • t=1, c=100 • t=2, c=100 • t=3, c=100 What is the IRR for the project? Should we accept the project when the discount rate is 20% (30%)? Qinglei Dai for FEUNL, 2006**IRR method**• When r=20%, • When r=30% Qinglei Dai for FEUNL, 2006**Problems with IRR**• Independent project: • Mutually exclusive projects: • 2 general problems of IRR for both of independent projects and mutually exclusive projects • 2 specific problems of IRR for mutually exclusive projects Qinglei Dai for FEUNL, 2006**Problems with IRR**• 1st general problem with IRR: when the cash inflows occur before the cash outflows • Example: • t=0, c=100; t=1, c=-130 Qinglei Dai for FEUNL, 2006**Problems with IRR**• investing-type project: • Financing-type project: Qinglei Dai for FEUNL, 2006**Problems with IRR**• 2nd general problem with IRR: multiple rates of return with “flip-flop” cash flows • Example: a project with cashflows of (-100, 230, -132) Qinglei Dai for FEUNL, 2006**Problems with IRR**• How to solve the above problem? • NPV rule: • Modified IRR (MIRR) Qinglei Dai for FEUNL, 2006**MIRR**• Example: cash flow stream (-100, 230, -132), r=14% Qinglei Dai for FEUNL, 2006**Problems with IRR**• 1st specific problem with mutually exclusive projects: the scale problem • Example: r=25% Qinglei Dai for FEUNL, 2006**Problems with IRR**• How to adjust for this deficiency? • Incremental IRR: Qinglei Dai for FEUNL, 2006**Incremental IRR**Qinglei Dai for FEUNL, 2006**Problems with IRR**• 2nd specific problem with mutually exclusive projects: timing problem Qinglei Dai for FEUNL, 2006