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All handouts will be available at www.lanier.ffanow.org. Growing Poinsettias: A First Timers Guide. Tracey Cortez Lanier High School Austin, Texas. Background Information. South American native Brought to the United States in 1825 by Joel Poinsett

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growing poinsettias a first timers guide

Growing Poinsettias: A First Timers Guide

Tracey Cortez

Lanier High School

Austin, Texas

background information
Background Information
  • South American native
  • Brought to the United States in 1825 by Joel Poinsett
  • In 1909 the Ecke Family began specializing in Poinsettias
  • Ecke is now the premier breeder of poinsettias
current trends
Current Trends
  • Red was the primary color up until the 1990’s
  • Novelties
    • Rose Forms
    • Colors
    • Leaf Shapes
  • Stronger stem architecture
  • Free branching characteristics
  • Timing
  • Forms
poinsettias in a school greenhouse
Poinsettias in a School Greenhouse
  • Poinsettias are easy to grow and only require a little patience and luck to be successful
  • Easy after the first year
  • Can be very profitable and educational
greenhouse environment
Greenhouse Environment
  • Must have a greenhouse that is able to cool and is semi automated
  • Greenhouse should be free of weeds and insects
  • The entire greenhouse should be sterilized before planting
    • Bleach
    • Zerotol*
    • Green Shield
    • Triathlon*
growing media
Growing Media
  • Use a high porosity peat based growing media
    • Pro-Mix BX* or HP
    • Sunshine #4
    • Add vermiculite or perlite to current media
    • Try adding compost to the media
  • Do not use bark based mixes
  • Add a biological fungicide if available
    • Root Shield
    • Actinovate*
containers
Containers
  • 6.5” Azalea Pot
    • 1 ppp
  • 10” Azalea Pot
    • 3-4 ppp
  • 10” Hanging Baskets
    • 3-4 ppp
  • Support Cages
    • Will save you $$$
  • Use only dark colored pots
slide9
Red
  • Prestige Early Red
  • Prestige Red - #1 Poinsettia in the world
  • Enduring Red - Series
  • Classic Red - Series
white
White
  • Polar Bear - New
  • Snowcap
  • Enduring White - Series
  • Classic White - Series
jingle
Jingle
  • Shimmer Surprise - RW
  • Shimmer Pink - PW
  • Sonora White Glitter - RW
  • Ice Punch - New
novelties
Novelties
  • Prestige Maroon
  • Winter Rose
  • Orange Spice
  • Polly’s Pink
timing
Timing
  • Early Season
    • 6 – 8.5 Week Response Times
    • Thanksgiving Sales
  • Mid Season
    • 8.5 – 9 Week Response Times
    • December 1st Sales
  • Late Season
    • 9 – 9.5 Week Response Times
    • December 7th and Beyond Sales
rooted cuttings
Rooted Cuttings
  • Order rooted cuttings by the end of February
  • If you haven’t ordered yet you still can
  • Arrive early, mid, or late August
  • Usually sold in 100’s
  • Brokers:
    • Ellison's Greenhouses
    • Paul Ecke Ranch
    • Park Seed Wholesale
    • Jolly Farmer
planting
Planting
  • Fill all pots with moist soil and place in the greenhouse 12 hours prior to planting
  • Plant rooted cutting even with the soil line
  • Plant in the early morning hours
  • Water in well with clear water
  • Drench fungicide if possible
care before pinching
Care Before Pinching
  • Water the newly planted rooted cuttings with clear water for 2 days
  • Begin Fertilizing on day 3
    • Peters EXCEL Cal-Mag 15-5-15
    • 200 ppm Nitrogen
  • Try incorporating compost tea into your fertilizer rotation
  • Soak the floors with water to cool the greenhouse by evaporation
florel sandwich technique
Florel – Sandwich Technique
  • 3 Days before your pinch
  • 5 Days after you pinch
  • 50 ml per gallon
  • Will make the plants look like they are stressed
  • This will increase and even the number of breaks that the plant produces
  • See information on the Ecke Website
pinching
Pinching
  • Should be performed approximately 2 weeks after planting
  • Roots should reach the sides of the pot
  • Leave 5-6 nodes should be left on the plant
  • Install support cages
spacing and irrigation
Spacing and Irrigation
  • Space on minimum 12” centers
  • Irrigation is best done by a drip system
  • Continuous liquid feeding system
  • Flush with clear water once a week
  • Let plants dry out slightly between watering
growth regulators
Growth Regulators
  • Should be used to keep internode length to approximately 1 inch
  • Cycocel/B-9
    • Follow the labels
    • Cut off before flower initiation
  • Bonzi*
    • Micro drench of .10 ppm every 7-10 days
    • 1 ml per 10 gallons
    • 1oz of drench per 1” of pot
monitoring height
Monitoring Height
  • Produce a 14”-16” plant
  • Ecke On Target available at www.ecke.com
  • Use a yard stick with a slider made out of paper
  • Height should be recorded weekly along with notes
insecticides
Insecticides
  • Follow label instructions
  • Tristar 30 SG*
    • Systemic 30 day residual
  • Talstar*
    • Quick knock down
  • Marathon
    • Granular
  • Tame/Orthene Aerosol (Kills Adults)*
    • Only in early stages of growth
  • Preclude Aerosol (Kills Eggs)*
    • Only in early stages of growth
  • Safari
    • New and expensive
first color
First Color
  • Should begin seeing color around the last week of October
  • Begin spraying with calcium chloride weekly to prevent foliar diseases
  • Calcium Chloride available from Sargent Welch
  • See Ecke Technical Bulletin on the Ecke Website
finishing
Finishing
  • Water with clear water 10 days prior to sale
  • Day temperature - 75º
  • Night temperature - 66º
  • Continue calcium sprays
  • Make sure that you have visible pollen before selling plants
  • Make sure that your order shipping sleeves and pot covers in October
poinsettia sale
Poinsettia Sale
  • 6.5” pots
    • $6.00 - $8.00
  • 10” pots and baskets
    • $12.00 - $15.00
  • 1-day sale on a Saturday
  • Use Craig’s list
  • School email
  • FFA website
resources
Resources
  • Ecke Website
  • Ecke Tech Help Bulletin Boards
  • Poinsettia Height Control
  • Ecke Poinsettia Manual
other ideas
Other Ideas
  • Pansies
    • 288 Plugs
  • Whitton Greenhouses
    • Holiday Cactus
  • North Carolina Plant Farms
    • Vegetative Annuals
contact info
Contact Info
  • Tracey Cortez
  • tcortez@austinisd.org
  • (512) 414-7429
  • www.lanier.ffanow.org